In Islam, ghusl is an important religious purification done after certain situations, such as the end of the menstrual cycle. Once you understand the processes, they will occur quite naturally. If you're running out of time, you can do the "mandatory ghusl", which only includes the essential steps, but ideally, complete cleansing. Regardless of your choice, there are a few simple steps to take in the shower. The important thing is to have the mental intention to purify yourself before starting.
Method 1 of 2: Completing the Required Ghusl
Step 1. Remove all your jewelry and cosmetics
In purification, water should touch all parts of your body. So remove anything that could form a barrier between the water and you, including nail polish and makeup.
Always store your jewelry in a safe place while showering
Step 2. Mentalize your cleansing intention
To initiate ghusl, you must be clear in your heart and mind that you want to purify yourself. There is no need to repeat this out loud, however. Just think something like "Allow this ghusl to make me pure".
Step 3. Turn on the shower and go under the water
Turn on the shower and let the water come to a comfortable temperature. Then undress and enter the bath.
- Ideally, use clean, running water for the ghusl. If this is not an option for you, use another available water source.
- If you like, you can take your regular shower before the ghusl, with shampoo and soap.
Step 4. Rinse your nose and mouth
When you're in the shower, tilt your head back and let some water into your mouth. Rinse and spit out the liquid. Wash your nose by tilting your head back and allowing water to enter.
Step 5. Let the water cover your body at least once
After rinsing your mouth and nose, let the fluid flow throughout your body. If you're in a hurry, do this only once, but it's important that your entire body is covered by the water, including the front, back and sides.
If you have a little free time, repeat the process three times as this is the recommendation for a full ghusl
Step 6. Purify yourself so that water comes into contact with all parts of your body
Purification will not happen unless your entire body is touched by water, and that includes your scalp. Therefore, it is not enough to just wet the hair. It is important to completely wet your scalp as well.
- If you wear braids in your hair, you don't need to undo them. Try to moisten the scalp without undoing the hairstyle.
- When finished, get out of the bath and dry yourself with a clean towel.
Method 2 of 2: Making the Complete Ghusl with Sunnahs
Step 1. Begin by mentalizing the purification intention
It is very important to create this pure intention in your heart before the ghusl. Recognize that you are starting the ritual to clear yourself mentally, without having to repeat the affirmation verbally.
For example, think, "I am doing ghusl to become pure."
Step 2. Undress and step into the shower
Turn the shower to a comfortable temperature, remove your clothes - including jewelry and makeup - and step into the shower. The ideal is to make the ghusl with clean, running water.
If you don't have access to clean water, use whatever other water is available
Step 3. Say "bismillah" and wash your hands three times
Repeat aloud the word "bismillah", which means "in the name of Allah". Then start washing your right hand down to your wrist. Repeat the process three times, rubbing well between your fingers as well. Then do the same with your left hand.
Step 4. Use your left hand to wash your private parts
Rub all parts of your body well to cleanse them. Thoroughly clean your private parts, including the vulva, after menstruation, making sure that the water comes into contact with everything.
Step 5. Use an oil or perfume to eliminate odors
Women have used musk oil after menstruation for centuries to soothe blood odors, and you can do the same by applying the product directly to the vulva.
- If you don't have musk oil available, use whatever perfume you prefer.
- Do not pass the product into the vagina as this may cause irritation.
Step 6. Cover your head with water three times, bringing the liquid into your scalp well
Make a gourd with your hands to collect water and pour it over your head. If necessary, move the hair so that the liquid falls well onto the scalp.
Some people prefer to divide the water by pouring it over their heads. Do what you like, but cover the entire head with water
Step 7. Wash your entire body using your hands
Use your hands to bring the water into contact with all parts of your body, including areas such as your armpits and ankles.
Get out of the shower and dry yourself with a clean towel after ghusl
- There is a myth that women should not shower during menstruation. This is not true. The medical community even recommends bathing during this period.
- Also remember to ghusl after intercourse.
- Ghusl is a more complete purification ritual than ablution (wudu).