Eczemas are skin inflammations characterized by skin redness, with a dry, scaly, bumpy appearance. Although it does not put the patient's life at risk, he will feel a lot of itchiness and discomfort, on a daily basis, interfering with his normal life. This dermatological disorder, also known as contact dermatitis or atopic dermatitis, can affect infants as well as children and adults, but there are several methods to treat and minimize the bothersome symptoms. The ideal is to always consult a dermatologist so that the proper diagnosis can be made, but there are homemade techniques that will help control eczema until the day you go to the doctor.
Method 1 of 4: Relieving Symptoms Immediately
Step 1. Use lotions or natural oils twice a day to moisturize your skin
At the pharmacy, buy neutral creams, ointments or lotions that have a moisturizing action; rub a small amount into the skin twice a day, at fixed times. Keep using the products until the discomfort improves.
Sunflower and coconut oils are great choices. They can be easily found at health food stores
Step 2. Twice a day, also give an antipruritic cream if the discomfort is great
Go to the pharmacy and look for special lotions or creams with a small amount of hydrocortisone. Do not apply them in excess - at most twice a day, as well as after applying a moisturizer, as the cream will have even more effect.
The use of the cream can be stopped and the itching will improve over time
Step 3. Use bandage or gauze to soothe and moisturize your skin
Thoroughly apply the chosen lotion or cream to the irritated skin and then secure a small square of gauze around the area. Finish the treatment by wrapping a dry piece of gauze around a wetter spot; leave them overnight or change every three hours if you prefer to put them on during the day.
Protecting the reddened skin will already serve to allay the temptation to scratch it
Step 4. Add a handful of colloidal oats when entering a bathtub
Take a sachet, available at pharmacies and health food stores. Fill the bathtub water with water and pour in a small amount; stir them until they are well mixed and enter the water, staying for 10 to 15 minutes. After bathing, apply a moisturizer of your choice on eczema.
- This solution works great on children.
- Colloidal oatmeal is just oat ground until it is very thin, that is, it is a great natural treatment.
After bathing, apply a thick layer of petroleum jelly over the affected area.
Method 2 of 4: Minimizing itching
Step 1. Instead of wearing clothes with wool, prefer clothes with cotton and silk
Analyze everything in your wardrobe, especially the items you wear most often. It is important that they are very loose, comfortable and allow the skin to “breathe” without causing discomfort in skin contact. Clothes made with cotton and wool are great for those who have contact dermatitis, but wool can “sting” and be uncomfortable.
Always use appropriate parts, depending on the weather. If it's too hot, prefer cooler clothing that absorbs moisture, to avoid sweating and greater irritation of the injured skin
Step 2. Apply soaps without perfumes or dyes
When buying them, look for those that are 100% natural, without too many added ingredients, especially perfumes, dyes and substances that can further aggravate the injury.
Step 3. Trim your nails to avoid scratching and further injuring sensitive areas
In addition to cutting them, it is recommended to sand them so that they are not sharp; scratching the bruised skin, even unconsciously, can make the situation worse. When eczema appears in a child, it is even more important to trim the nails frequently.
Put, on children and babies, regular gloves, without any product that can aggravate the inflammation
Step 4. To resist the temptation to poke at the reddened skin, pinch another part of your body
Try this when suffering from atopic dermatitis on your arms, legs, or any other part of your body. The discomfort of the pinch will distract you from the itching, decreasing the chance that you will reach the sensitive spot.
Excessive scratching of eczema can cause more severe skin sores
Method 3 of 4: Changing Your Lifestyle
Step 1. Every day, consume vitamin D and B12 supplements
Buy them at pharmacies and follow the directions on the package insert, which may vary according to age, in relation to dosage. Giving these vitamins consistently can improve skin irritation.
Contrary to popular belief, zinc phosphate, vitamin B6, selenium and hemp seed oil have no conclusive evidence of benefit
Step 2. Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated
Always drink water, as dehydration can leave the skin drier and more inflamed, making itching worse. There is a minimum amount, for men and women, that should be ingested per day:
It is advised that adult women take around 2, 7 L (11 glasses), and men, around 3, 7 (15 glasses)
Step 3. Avoid foods that trigger allergies
It is important to know that food allergy may have caused the appearance of the skin lesion, especially if you are intolerant to certain dyes and preservatives. Look carefully at the ingredient list of all processed foods to confirm that there is nothing that could cause a negative reaction; otherwise, eczema may persist.
Step 4. Connect a humidifier at home
Analyze the rooms and rooms you most frequent in your home, regardless of whether it's the living room, kitchen, or rooms. Buy one or two humidifiers and turn them on in those places so that the air – and your skin – is more “hydrated”. You may notice a decrease in itching and symptoms, in addition to reducing the temptation to scratch the area tenderly.
It is recommended to use portable humidifiers, but if the house is large, you can investigate if there is a way to install air conditioners that reach larger areas
Step 5. Decrease exposure to stressful situations
Do your best to detect the aspects and circumstances that irritate you most in your daily life and create ways to minimize them. Of course, many occasions are unpredictable, but increased stress can aggravate all eczema-related manifestations.
- For example, if you feel nervous about oversleeping every day, set the alarm to go off several times in a row. This way, you will be more relaxed knowing that there is no risk of falling asleep for a long time.
- On the other hand, if you get nervous about the company of certain individuals, it might be better to distance yourself so that the anxiety doesn't rise.
Step 6. Try a massage or acupressure session
Search for good professionals, in both areas, and schedule a trip to both. Ask them to focus on treating the sections of skin that have dermatitis, if you feel rejuvenated after the session, regularly return to the technique that pleased you most.
Method 4 of 4: Seeking Medical Treatment
Step 1. See a dermatologist if skin inflammation is severe or persistent
It is recommended to get an accurate diagnosis from this specialist when eczema starts to interfere with your daily life or your ability to get a good night's sleep. Also, see a doctor when home methods or over-the-counter remedies do not have the desired effect.
- Sometimes he will advise a combination of home methods and medication, such as skin creams, oral capsules to reduce irritation, or even phototherapy.
- Make an appointment if in doubt. Your doctor will be able to resolve any concerns and provide a proper diagnosis, whatever the skin disorder, by prescribing the best treatment available.
Step 2. If you suspect an infection at the site of atopic dermatitis, seek medical help as soon as possible
In more severe cases, this disorder will cause a secondary bacterial or viral infection, requiring the use of antibiotics and other drugs to carry out the treatment.
Go to your dermatologist the same day or to the nearest emergency room if you have yellow scabs, with pus, fever, and reddish lines radiating from the inflamed site
Step 3. It is imperative to go to the hospital right away if a severe allergic reaction to a skin product occurs
Even natural ones can trigger allergic consequences in certain people, so if you notice a rash, itching, pain, or peeling skin, stop applying the cream. Go to the emergency room when the sensitivity is intense, affects the face or even the genital region; call SAMU (192) or go to the nearest hospital when you realize you are having an allergic reaction.
Depending on the allergic reaction, there may be sneezing, difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, tongue, lips, mouth or throat, dizziness or disorientation, and even nausea or vomiting
- It is important to prevent against allergies, but there are no studies that prove that the use of mattress protectors or special pillowcases are effective measures against the appearance of eczema.
- Telling children not to scratch the inflammation will only make the problem worse. Try to distract them from thinking about atopic dermatitis.