# 4 Ways to Teach the Multiplying Table to Your Children

Many children have difficulty learning multiplication tables. As a parent, you feel obligated to help. After all, knowing how to multiply quickly and in your head is a skill that will be required in high school, college and, of course, in everyday life. You'll need time, strategy, and patience to help your child get a taste for calculation, but it's a job that will be worth every second devoted to it.

## Steps

### Method 1 of 4: Teaching the Techniques

#### Step 1. Give class time the importance it demands

If you're trying to teach multiplication tables when you're worried about the next day's work meeting or when your child is hungry or exhausted, the learning won't flow as expected. Sit with your child for 30 minutes, and don't let anything distract the two of you from class.

### Energy and courage are important to both you and your child. Turn off your cell phones and television and sit at the dinner table with a few light snacks to snack on while you work through the numbers

#### Step 2. Start with the columns of numbers 0, 1, 2, and 3

It is important to learn slowly, taking a small group of columns at a time. That way, it's easier than trying to assimilate the entire multiplication table at once. Remember: this is an exercise that simply involves memorization. Your child should already understand the concept of multiplication.

• If the child has not yet learned to multiply, introduce the operation through addition. For example, 4x3 is 4+4+4.
• Ask the child to show the Math book and other materials provided by the school. This way you will be able to know exactly what your child is studying and what teaching method is adopted by the institution.
• Keep a table or list of numbers at hand, with numbers from 0 to 100. This way you can find the answers by connecting the rows with the columns, being the best option for those who are just starting out.

### A list of numbers takes a little more work. The child can circle multiples of a given number or paint them the same color, according to the chosen number. For example, all multiples of 5 could be painted orange

#### Step 3. Explain how the commutative property facilitates calculations

Show that each answer is repeated. So you only need to decorate half of the table. For example, 3x7 equals 7x3. After memorizing the times tables for 0, 1, 2 and 3, they automatically know 4 answers from the times tables for 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10.

### Once your child has mastered the 0-3 times table, go ahead with the 4-7 times table and then finish with the 8-10 times table. If you want to go further, you can work with 11 and 12. There are teachers who like to include more difficult problems to assess how each student is doing

#### Step 4. Talk about patterns that appear in the table

Show the child that he doesn't have to just randomly decorate. Patterns that are repeated make it much easier to assimilate the multiplication table:

• All multiples of 10 end with zero.
• All multiples of 5 end in 5 or zero and are half of multiples of 10. (For example, 10x5=50; 5x5=25, or half of 50).
• Any number multiplied by 0 results in zero. Ever.

#### Step 5. Know the tricks

Luckily, math is full of shortcuts. Teaching them to your child will leave him impressed and grateful for the rest of his life.

• To decorate the multiplication table for 9, use your fingers. Keep your hands open in front of you. For 9x1, lower the little finger. Now there are 9 fingers left, right? Starting with zero, we have 0 and 9, that is, 9. For 9x2, lower the ring finger. There are 8 fingers left stretched. After zero comes 1, right? So we have 1 and 8, that is, 18. For 9x3, put your middle finger down. There are 7 fingers left. After the 1 comes the 2. We then have 2 and 7, that is, 27. And so on, until 9x9 (8 and 1, that is, 81).
• If the child knows how to calculate twice the numbers, teaching the multiplication table for 4 is easy. Just do double double to find the answer to the multiplication table of 4. For example, 6x4. Let's calculate the double of 6: 6x2=12, right? And what is double 12? Yes, 24. Therefore, 6x4=24. Use this scheme to make responses automatic.
• For the 11 times table, just repeat the number twice. For example, 3x11=33. Just repeat the 3. 4x11=44. It was just repeating the 4.

### Method 2 of 4: Memorization of Answers

#### Step 1. Review the multiplication table

Once your child has mastered the multiplication table, go over everything. Practice during breakfast, during television commercials, and just before bedtime. As the child progresses, increase the speed of the times tables.

### In the beginning, follow the order of the numbers. After the child knows everything by heart in ascending order, start mixing, taking the multiplication table at random. Your child will be a little confused at first, but then he'll get the hang of it

#### Step 2. Make learning fun

Use games and competitions to motivate your child.

• Give the idea of making a game. Cut several pieces of paper into cardboard shapes. On one side, write the problem, like 4x9, for example. On the other side, write the answer to this problem, that is, 36. Just the act of writing the multiples is already a practice of the times tables. Time how many cards your child can make in five minutes, for example. Will he be able to surpass that number the next day? Encourage him to push his own limits in a fun way.

### This game can be done with a blank table, too. Through it, you can see where the child has more difficulty

• Use a deck. You can play a game similar to Rouba Monte, but using multiplication. Divide the deck into two piles, one for each. Cards must be face down so that the numbers on them cannot be seen beforehand. Then you turn over a card from your pile and your child does the same thing at the same time. The first person to say the multiplication answer for the two numbers that appear on the cards takes the same. Whoever finishes the game with the most cards wins. For example, you turned over card 7 and your son, card 5. The first one to yell 35 takes the cards to his pile. For cards 11, 12 and 13 (princes, queens and kings), they can be zero or taken from the deck.
• Say a number; for example, 30. Can the child say all the possible combinations that could result in 30? 5 x 6? 3 x 10?
• Say a number and ask the child to say what the next multiple is. For example, say “30. What's the next multiple of 6 after 30?” Answer: 36. “18. What is the next multiple of 9 after 18?” Answer: 27. Once your child is ace in this game, start making it difficult. “22. What's the next multiple of 4 after 22?” Answer: 24. Although 4 is not a multiple of 22, the child will have understood the mechanics of the game and will be able to give answers to numbers that are not multiples of each other.
• Try bingo with more than one child. Give the children a 6x6 chart for them to fill in as many numbers as they want. Then you start reading problems like "5x7". If one of them has written 35 in the table, that number can be dialed. Continue until someone has done a bingo. Prepare a cool prize for the winner.

### Method 3 of 4: Motivating Your Child

#### Step 1. Encourage him

You don't need to use money or material goods: they can give the child the wrong idea. She must develop a taste for learning for the right reasons. But it is clear that studying with a nice snack and in a playful atmosphere is better than studying hungry with a lot of pressure and stress.

### Save the best rewards for after the exams. If children can do well even under pressure, it's because you played the role of teacher very well

#### Step 2. Praise the child

Don't forget to take a break between taking your times tables. If you are happy with your child's success, he will be more motivated to want to be successful. Show her how well she's doing by saying this with all the lyrics.

### If your child is going slower than you expected, relax. If you are anxious and disappointed, the child will get distaste for studies. Rather than reacting with anger and showing disappointment, encourage the child not to give up and keep persisting. And respect her individual performance and pace, without charging or comparing to other children

#### Step 3. Take breaks

No child can learn for hours at a time. When you notice that she is starting to get tired, take a break. It will be good for you too.

### Method 4 of 4: Tracking Your Child's Progress

#### Step 1. Use online materials

After mastering the multiplication tables with pencil and paper, it's time to use the internet with the thousands of materials available for practicing the multiplication tables. So you can check how much your child has learned.

### Of course, if you prefer, you can write the problems by hand. But just using the computer will give your child the impression that they are facing a fun challenge rather than seeing themselves being tested

After all this dedication, how did your child do in school? If the grades were not very good, review the points where he had difficulties so that he can do better in the next test.

## Tips

• Start using the same methodology as the school, even if you learned it differently. If the institution's methodology is not working, use yours.
• Have patience and good will. If necessary, work with the multiplication table of just one number for a few days, until the child understands the concept and gets used to it.
• For more advanced practices: the multiples of 10 squares only ask you to increase the number of zeros after the result. For example, the square of 10. 1x1=1. With one more zero, 100. The square of 20. 2x2=4. Plus one zero, 400. The square of 30. 3x3=9. Plus a zero, 900. And so on.
• Forcing your child to practice higher numbers too soon can leave him lost and frustrated. The right thing is to arrive at these numbers starting with the smallest and little by little, as the child masters the times tables and multiplication. The important thing is that progress be solid and steady, not fast.
• Show that both in addition and multiplication the order of factors does not change the result. For example, 2 + 1 = 3 and 1 + 2 = 3. The same goes for multiplication.

## Notices

• Never, never ever use derogatory words to refer to your child, teacher, or material. Derogatory words include "dumb", "ridiculous", "slow", etc.
• Not force the child to spend hours working with multiple columns at once. Remember to laugh and take a break between lessons.
• The secret of multiplication tables is memorization. Although numerical counting is useful when introducing the concept of multiplication, once the child understands how the operation works, it is faster and easier to memorize.