Generally, everyone trusts what the weather forecast says about the weather. Still, anyone can predict the weather on their own with a little observation and some knowledge of the subject. Not only is this an interesting hobby, but it can also come in handy when you want to do some outdoor activity like hiking or camping. Read this article to learn what to do.
Method 1 of 4: Observing Wind and Air
Step 1. Determine the wind direction
Wind is generated when air moves from one high pressure area to another low pressure area. Since climate change happens from west to east, such winds indicate a calm climate, as they point out that the heavy has passed to the east. The east winds, in turn, indicate that heavy weather is coming your way.
- You can use blades of grass or flower petals to determine the wind direction. Throw them into the wind and see where they fly.
- Finally, you can also wet your finger and lift it skyward to detect the wind direction. The side that gets cold indicates the direction the wind is coming from.
Step 2. Make a fire and watch the smoke
Air pressure determines which direction the smoke will blow: if it's high, it goes straight up; if it is low, it will be around the fire (indicating that the weather will soon close).
When smoke swirls around the fire, it indicates that the mood will soon close. In this case, the low pressure system is already in the area
Step 3. See if the weather looks calm
Before every storm, the low pressure can change the area's wind behavior - creating a temporary lull. At this moment, you can see that the wind does not blow, leaving the area softened. If you are near a body of water, you will also see that it stops creating waves.
At this point, you can see other signs of rain, such as dark clouds
Step 4. Close your eyes and take a deep breath
The environment gets a little humid before storms; thus, it releases stronger smells. In addition, you can also smell the compost, as the plants release waste. If you feel something like this, it will probably rain.
Those who live near marshes and the like can feel the gases just before storms. These gases have the smell of rotten eggs, as they are released by plants in a state of decomposition
Step 5. Pay attention to moisture
High humidity means it's going to rain; keep an eye out for other signs of it, such as if your hair starts to frizz, leaves curl, and wood on objects and furniture expands. All of this indicates that a storm is on its way.
- Pine cones can also indicate if the weather is humid, as they close when the humidity is high and open when it is low.
- If you live in an area with high humidity, look at other details to predict the weather.
Step 6. If you are near the ocean, watch the waves swell
The phenomenon can be caused by the winds that are generated by storms that fall into the sea. This may indicate that it will soon rain on land.
Method 2 of 4: Observing the Clouds
Step 1. Note the shape of the clouds
The types of clouds that circle the sky can also tell you a lot about the weather. Generally speaking, white and high ones indicate a calm climate, while dark and low ones indicate rain and storms.
- White, wispy clouds point to a calm and open climate.
- Flattened clouds indicate that the air is stable, while more rounded clouds indicate that it is unstable.
- Swollen, smaller clouds can indicate calm weather. However, if they increase in size throughout the day, they could end up indicating the possibility of a storm.
Step 2. Observe the position of the clouds
The clouds that rise higher in the sky are farther away, but they usually indicate that the weather can close in up to six hours. Those that get lower, in turn, indicate that bad weather is even more imminent. The lower they are, the greater the risks.
Step 3. Look at the color of the clouds
Clouds can have various shades of white, gray, black and brown - each indicating something different about the weather.
- Black clouds indicate that there will be a storm without strong winds.
- The brown clouds indicate that there is going to be a storm with strong winds.
- White clouds usually indicate calm weather, but one that can close with a storm later on.
- Gray clouds usually indicate that there will be light rain. However, when the sky is gray, it is because the storm will affect a very large area and may take a while to clear.
Step 4. Observe the movement of clouds
The direction they take can indicate whether time will close. Also, you can see if they are moving closer or further away from each other.
- If the clouds are lowering and getting closer, it's because time will close.
- If they are rising and falling, then time will open up.
Method 3 of 4: Watching the Sky
Step 1. See if the sky is red in the early morning
Climate change happens from west to east, while the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. If the sky turns red in the morning, it's because the weather is mild in the east (where the sun rises) but heavy in the west. This means that time will close where you are.
- The sky can be shades of reddish-orange or dark red.
- If the sky turns red at night, don't worry: it means the weather is calm in the west and heavy in the east (the east, in turn, is receding).
- You can think of some way to memorize this detail, like repeating "Red in the evening is quiet. Red in the morning is glimmering."
Step 2. See if there is a rainbow in the west
When this phenomenon happens, it is because the morning sun rays are raising humidity in the place - in the same direction as climate change. That means a storm is coming your way and the weather will turn later.
- If you see a rainbow in the east, the bad weather is over; that way, the sky will be clear.
- You can also think of ways to memorize this rainbow question. For example: "With a rainbow early in the morning, it's better to be scared."
Step 3. Look at the moon and see how visible it is
If the sky is clear and the moon is clearly visible, it may be that the weather is clearing; if so, try to find a halo (light phenomenon) around it - which indicates that it's going to rain.
- The formation of this ring indicates that it is going to rain. It arises when ice crystals pass across the moon.
- If there is a double ring on the moon, maybe a storm will come with strong winds.
- When the sky is clear, it is because there are no clouds capable of containing the Earth's high temperatures. So it means that the weather will get colder at night and the next morning, even if it's not about to generate a frost or anything like that.
Step 4. Count the stars
If you think there's going to be a storm, look at the stars. If there are more than ten in the sky, the storm will be light; if there is less, it will be heavy.
If there are no stars in the sky, it is because there are many clouds; if there are many stars, the sky is clear
Method 4 of 4: Observing Animal Behavior
Step 1. Try to find tall anthills
Before the storms, the ants raise the entrance to the anthills. If you find something that is bigger than normal, it could be raining heavily.
Step 2. See if birds start taking shallow flights or perching in groups
When air pressure drops before storms, birds begin to hear uncomfortable sounds. So they fly closer to the surface and land on power lines and the lowest branches of trees. Also, you can watch if they start to feed on ground-dwelling insects. If so, there will be a storm.
- If the birds keep flying high, the weather will likely stay open.
- If you're near the sea, try to see if local birds (such as seagulls, depending on the location) have landed on the beach. This could indicate that there is going to be a storm.
- Keep an eye out for flocks of birds perched in one spot.
- Birds can also be quieter before storms. If they keep singing or chirping, it's because time will stay open.
Step 3. See if birds start to migrate
Birds can feel air pressure and only migrate when the weather is open. If you see any flying in the sky, the weather will likely remain mild.
Step 4. See if birds feed during storms
When they feel the storm is going to be short, they usually wait before looking for food. If you find any birds flying during storms, the storm will take a while to end. Birds sense variations in atmospheric pressure and thus can predict the weather.
Step 5. Try to find bees and butterflies
These insects return to their respective resting places before storms. In the case of bees, they also try to preserve the hive. If you don't find anything like that - even in places where it's normal to find, like fields of flowers - there might be a storm.
Step 6. If you are near a corral or pasture, see if the cows are crouched
Cows tend to lie down before storms. This is because the weather cools before the storm - and animals like to be close to the surface in these conditions.
This is only true for cows, not other herd animals
Step 7. If possible, keep an eye out for snakes
Snakes leave their nests before time closes, even if temperatures get very low. If you find any such reptile in curious places or at unusual times, it could be that the weather will get tough.
- Snakes can predict earthquakes. Although they don't happen in Brazil, it's good to know that, when the animal leaves the nest, something like that will happen (if you live in another country, for example).
- Snakes often leave their nests on sunny days in search of the sun's rays. They don't like low temperatures as they are cold-blooded. If you find a reptile of the type outside the nest on days that aren't hot, it may be that the weather will close.
Step 8. If possible, observe the behavior of the turtles
Turtles seek higher ground during storms. If you live near the coast, for example, you might come across something like that. If it happens, remember, it might rain.
You can use a barometer to measure changes in pressure. Use a notepad to write down everything that happens when the pressure changes. Pay attention to be able to predict what will happen in your area on your own
- You can't make an accurate weather forecast with the tips in this article. Don't risk your life or the lives of others just to experiment.
- It is more difficult to predict some more dangerous weather phenomena, such as tornadoes. Pay attention to the newspaper forecast to find out if something more serious is going to happen in your area.