4 Ways to Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon

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4 Ways to Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon
4 Ways to Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon
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A hexagon, by definition, is a polygon with six sides and angles. Regular hexagons have six sides and equal angles and are composed of six equilateral triangles and there are several ways to calculate their area, whether you are working with a regular or an irregular hexagon. If you want to know more about how to calculate the area of ​​a hexagon, just follow these Steps.

Steps

Method 1 of 4: Calculating from a regular hexagon with a given measurement

Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 1

Step 1. Write the formula to find the area of ​​a hexagon if you already know the size of its side

Since a regular hexagon is composed of six equilateral triangles, the formula for finding its total area is derived from the one used for finding the area of ​​an equilateral triangle. Said formula can be represented by Area = (3√3 s2)/ 2, Where s is the size of one side of the regular hexagon.

Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 2

Step 2. Identify the size of one side

If you already know the length of one side, you can simply write it down; in this case, the size of one side equals 9 cm. If you don't know the side dimension but you know the perimeter or apothema (height of one of the equilateral triangles that make up the hexagon, perpendicular to the side), you can still find the size of the hexagon's side. Here's how to do it:

  • If you know the perimeter, just divide it by 6 and get the dimension of one side. For example, if the perimeter is 54 cm, divide this number by 6 to get the side size of 9 cm.

  • If you only know the apothema, you can find the dimension of one side by putting it into the formula a = x√3 and then multiplying the answer by two. This is because the apothema represents the x√3 side of the 30-60-90 triangle created. If the apothema is 10√3, for example, x equals 10 and the side size equals 10 * 2, or 20.
Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 3

Step 3. Enter the side size values ​​into the formula

Once you know the dimension of just one side, or 9, just put this value into the original formula, which will look something like: Area = (3√3 x 92)/2

Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 4

Step 4. Simplify your answer

Find the value of the equation and write the numerical answer. When working with the area, you should represent the answer in square units. Here's how to do it:

  • (3√3 x 92)/2 =
  • (3√3 x 81)/2 =
  • (243√3)/2 =
  • 420, 80/2 =
  • 210, 40 cm2

Method 2 of 4: Calculating from a regular hexagon with a known apothema

Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 5

Step 1. Write the formula to find the area of ​​the hexagon with a given apothema

The formula is simply represented by Area = 1/2 x perimeter x apothema.

Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 6

Step 2. Replace the variable with the value of the apothema

Let's say it's worth 5√3 cm.

Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 7

Step 3. Use the apothema to find the perimeter

Since the apothema is perpendicular to one side of the hexagon, it creates one side of a 30-60-90 triangle. The sides of a triangle like this have the ratio x-x√3-2x, where the dimension of the smallest leg, which passes over a 60-degree angle, is represented by x√3, and the hypotenuse is represented by 2x.

  • The apothema is the side represented by x√3. Then put your dimension into the formula a = x√3 and solve for it. If the apothema is equivalent to 5√3, for example, put this value in the formula and get 5√3 cm = x√3, or x = 5 cm.
  • By finding the value of x, you will have found the size of the smallest leg in the triangle, or 5. Since it represents half the dimension of one side of the hexagon, multiply it by 2 and get its full size. 5 cm x 2 = 10 cm.
  • Now that you know the size of one side is 10, just multiply it by 6 to find the hexagon's perimeter. 10 cm x 6 = 60 cm.
Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 8

Step 4. Put all known amounts into the formula

The hardest part was finding the perimeter. Now, all you need to do is add the apothema and the perimeter to the formula and solve it:

  • Area = 1/2 x perimeter x apothema.
  • Area = 1/2 x 60 cm x 5√3 cm.
Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 9

Step 5. Simplify the expression until you have removed the radicals from the equation

Remember to elaborate the final answer in square units.

  • 1/2 x 60 cm x 5√3 cm =
  • 30 x 5√3 cm =
  • 150√3 cm =
  • 259, 80 cm2

Method 3 of 4: Calculating from an Irregular Hexagon with Given Vertices

Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 10

Step 1. List the x and y coordinates of all vertices

If you know the vertices of the hexagon, the first thing to do is create a spreadsheet with two columns and seven rows. Each column will be named with the names of the six points (Point A, Point B, Point C, etc.) and each column with the x or y coordinates of those points. List the x and y coordinates of Point A to the right of A, those of Point B to the right of B, and so on. Remember to repeat the coordinates from the first to the end of the list. Let's say you are working with the following points, in (x, y) format:

  • A: (4, 10).
  • B: (9, 7).
  • C: (11, 2).
  • D: (2, 2).
  • E: (1, 5).
  • F: (4, 7).
  • A (again): (4, 10).
Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 11

Step 2. Multiply the x coordinate by each point into the y coordinate of the subsequent point

You can think of this step as drawing a diagonal to the right and down a line for each x coordinate. List the results to the right of the spreadsheet, then add the results together.

  • 4 x 7 = 28.
  • 9 x 2 = 18.
  • 11 x 2 = 22.
  • 2 x 5 = 10.
  • 1 x 7 = 7.
  • 4 x 10 = 40.

    28 + 18 + 22 + 10 + 7 + 40 = 125

Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 12

Step 3. Multiply the y coordinates of each point by the x coordinates of the subsequent point

Think of this Step as drawing the same diagonal, but now to the right and down, on a line for each x coordinate below the line in question. After multiplying all the coordinates, add the results.

  • 10 x 9 = 90.
  • 7 x 11 = 77.
  • 2 x 2 = 4.
  • 2 x 1 = 2.
  • 5 x 4 = 20.
  • 7 x 4 = 28.
  • 90 + 77 + 4 + 2 + 20 + 28 = 221.
Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 13

Step 4. Subtract the sum of the second coordinate group from the sum of the first coordinate group

In this case, subtract 221 from 125. 125 – 221 = -96. Now, take the absolute value of the answer: 96. Areas can only have positive values.

Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 14

Step 5. Divide the difference found by two

In the present problem, divide 96 by 2 and you have the area of ​​this irregular hexagon. 96/2 = 48. Don't forget to write the answer in square units. The final answer in this case is 48 square units.

Method 4 of 4: Other Methods of Calculating the Area of ​​an Irregular Hexagon

Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 15

Step 1. Find the area of ​​a regular hexagon with a missing triangle

If you know you are working with a regular hex with one or more of its triangles missing, the first thing to do is find the area of ​​the entire hex as if it were complete. Then simply find the area of ​​the empty or “missing” triangle and subtract the found value from the total area. This will give the area of ​​the remaining irregular hexagon.

  • For example, if you found that the area of ​​the regular hexagon equals 60 cm2 and found that the area of ​​the missing triangle equals 10 cm2, simply subtract the area of ​​the missing triangle from the total area: 60 cm2 - 10 cm2 = 50 cm2.
  • If you know that the hex has exactly one missing triangle, you can find the area of ​​the hex by multiplying the total area by 5/6, since the hex retains the area of ​​5 of its 6 triangles. If two triangles are missing, just multiply the total area by 4/6 (2/3), and so on.
Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 16

Step 2. Break an irregular hexagon into other triangles

You may find that the irregular hexagon is actually made up of four irregularly shaped triangles. To find the area of ​​the irregular hexagon, you'll need to find the area of ​​each individual triangle and then add up the results. There are a wide variety of ways used to find the area of ​​a triangle depending on the information you have.

Calculate the Area of ​​a Hexagon Step 17

Step 3. Try to find other shapes in the irregular hexagon

If you just can't pick a few triangles to extract, look at the jagged hexagon more closely to see if you can decipher other shapes - maybe a triangle, rectangle, or square. Once you've bypassed other shapes, just find their respective areas and add them to the total area of ​​the hex.

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