3 Ways to Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon

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3 Ways to Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon
3 Ways to Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon
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Calculating the area of ​​a polygon can be as simple as figuring out the area of ​​a triangle or as complicated as figuring out the area of ​​an eleven-sided irregular figure. To learn how to calculate the area of ​​a variety of polygons, check out the following article.

Steps

Method 1 of 3: Regular Polygons

Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 1

Step 1. Use the default formula for all regular polygons

The simple formula to find the area of ​​a regular polygon (with all sides and all angles equal) is: area = 1/2 x perimeter x apothema. In other words, this formula means that:

  • Perimeter = the sum of the length of all sides.
  • Apothema = a part that joins the center of the polygon to the middle of whatever side is perpendicular.
Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 2

Step 2. Discover the apothema of the polygon

If you are using the apothema method, the value will be given to you. For example, let's work with a hexagon that is 10√3 long.

Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 3

Step 3. Find the perimeter of the polygon

If the perimeter value is given to you, then the job is almost done. If the value of the apothema is also known and you are working with a regular polygon, use the apothema to calculate the perimeter. Here's the step by step:

  • Think of the apothema as the "x√3" side of a triangle with 30-60-90 degrees. You can visualize it this way because the hexagon is made up of six equilateral triangles. The apothema cuts them in half, forming a triangle with angles of 30-60-90 degrees.
  • You know that the side opposite the 60-degree angle is = x√3, the side opposite the 30-degree angle is = x, and the side opposite the 90-degree angle is = 2x. If 10√3 represents "x√3", then it can be concluded that x = 10.
  • You know that x = half the length of the underside of the triangle. Double its value to get the full length. The underside of the triangle is 20 units long. There are six of these sides to the hexagon. Then multiply 20 x 6 to get 120, the perimeter of the hexagon.

Step 4. Insert the value of the apothema and the perimeter into the formula

If you are using the formula area = 1/2 x perimeter x apothema, " then you can fit 120 for the perimeter and 10√3 for the apothema. Here's the example:

Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 4
  • area = 1/2 x 120 x 10√3.
  • area = 60 x 10√3.
  • area = 600√3.
Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 5

Step 5. Simplify your answer

It may be necessary to give the result in decimals instead of leaving it as a square root. Use the calculator to get the closest match for √3 and then multiply the result by 600. √3 x 600 = 1,039, 2. This is the final result.

Method 2 of 3: Calculating the Area of ​​Regular Polygons Using Other Formulas

Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 6

Step 1. Calculate the area of ​​a regular triangle

Just use the following formula: area = 1/2 x base x height.

For example, if your triangle is 10 base and 8 high, then the area is equal to = 1/2 x 8 x 10, that is, 40

Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 7

Step 2. Calculate the area of ​​a square

Just square either side. It would be the same as multiplying the base by the height, since they are equal in square.

For example, if the square is 6 on its side, then the area is equal to 6 x 6, that is, 36

Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 8

Step 3. Calculate the area of ​​a rectangle

Just multiply the base by the height.

For example, if the base of the rectangle is 4 and the height is 3, then the area is equal to 4 x 3, ie 12

Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 9

Step 4. Calculate the area of ​​a trapeze

Just follow this formula: area = [(base 1 + base 2) x height]/2.

For example, imagine a trapeze with bases equal to 6 and 8 and a height of 10. Applying the formula, we have [(6 + 8) x 10]/2, which can be simplified to (14 x 10)/2, or 140/2, which results in an area equal to 70

Method 3 of 3: Calculating the Area of ​​Irregular Polygons

Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 10

Step 1. Note the coordinates at the vertices of the irregular polygon

To determine the area of ​​an irregular polygon, it is very useful to know the coordinates of the vertices.

Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 11

Step 2. Make a vector

List the x and y coordinates of each polygon vertex counterclockwise. Repeat the coordinates of the first point at the end of the list.

Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 12

Step 3. Multiply the x coordinate of each vertex by the y coordinate of each vertex

Add up the results. The total of products is 82.

Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 13

Step 4. Multiply the y coordinate of each vertex by the x coordinate of the next vertex

Add up the results. The sum total of these results is -38.

Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 14

Step 5. Subtract the sum of the first products from the sum of the second products

Subtract -38 from 82 to get 82 - (-38) = 120.

Calculate the Area of ​​a Polygon Step 15

Step 6. Divide the difference by 2 to get the polygon area

Just divide 120 by 2 to get 60. Mission accomplished!

Tips

  • If you list the points clockwise instead of counterclockwise, you will have the area in a negative number. So, this can be used as a tool to identify a cyclical or sequential path of a given set of points forming a polygon.
  • This formula computes area with orientation. If you use it in a format where two lines intersect like an 8, you will have the counterclockwise enclosed area minus the clockwise enclosed area.

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