4 Ways to Measure Grams

A gram is a measure of weight - or, more precisely, of mass - and it is a standard measure in the metric system. You will normally measure grams with a scale, but you can also convert another measure of mass to grams or estimate their exact amount.

Steps

Method 1 of 4: Measuring Grams

Step 1. Choose the proper scale

The scale must have the appropriate measurement range for the weight of the object in question, ensuring that it performs its measurements in the metric system. You must still choose between a digital model and a mechanical one.

• Digital scales are usually easier to use and more accurate, but mechanical ones are often cheaper.
• Ensure that the scale in question takes measurements in grams.
• Choose a scale designed for the purpose you need it for. A scale designed to measure body weight is different from one designed to measure culinary ingredients.
• Be aware that many scales have an auto-off function. A short shutdown period can prove to be a problem if you are working in a science lab or in the kitchen.

Step 2. Place the container on the scale

When what is measured needs to be kept in a separate container, it has to be measured first of all. The container weight in grams should not be included in the weight measured below.

Step 3. Tare the scale

If your scale has a “tare” function, use it to reset it to zero while the container is on it.

• The weight of the container will be taken into account the next time you take measurements. In this way, it will only measure the number of grams of what is added, without displaying the container's weight.
• If you don't need to weigh something into a separate container, you should still zero the empty scale to make sure it makes the most accurate measurement possible.
• The “tare” function is usually represented by a front button on the scale, but some models may have a rear or lower switch for the same purpose.
• If you cannot zero the scale, write the container's weight in grams. You will need this measurement in the future.

Step 4. Add what will be measured

Place what needs to be measured in the container already weighed on the scale. If you are not using a separate container, it is possible to place the object in question on the scale.

Ensure that the entire object is on the scale, resting on nothing other than the measuring surface, to ensure an accurate reading

Step 5. Weigh the object on the scale

Keep the newly filled container on the scale and let it measure its contents. The displayed weight should be an accurate measurement in grams.

Method 2 of 4: Converting to Grams from Another Common Measure

Step 1. Find grams from kilograms

For every 1 kilogram, there are 1000 grams.

• To convert an object's weight from kilograms to grams, multiply the number of kilograms by 1,000.
• Example: 11.5 kg ∙ 1,000 = 11,500 g

Step 2. Convert tons to grams

For every 1 ton, there are 1,000,000 grams.

• If you want to convert the weight of an object to grams from tons, multiply the number of tons by 1,000,000.
• Example: 7, 34 t ∙ 1,000,000 = 7,340,000 g

Method 3 of 4: Converting to Grams from Imperial System Measures

Step 1. Convert ounces to grams

To convert a previously taken mass or weight measure to ounces, you must divide the number of ounces by a conversion factor equivalent to 0.035274.

Example: 12, 3 oz. / 0.035274 = 348, 7 g

Step 2. Convert pounds to grams

If you want to convert a measurement taken in pounds to an equivalent value in grams, you must divide the number of pounds by a conversion factor of 0.0022046.

Method 4 of 4: Comparing Grams to Cups and Teaspoons in the Kitchen

Step 1. Understand the difference between grams and cups

The "gram" is a measure of mass, but the "cup" and "teaspoon" equal measures of volume. Both are not interchangeable equally, so there is no single formula to use when converting cups to grams.

• Often, however, you can observe cooking instructions that specify both cup and gram measurements for just one amount of a single ingredient.
• While there is no single formula for calculating grams from cups, the mass of any given ingredient will be in roughly the same proportion each time you measure the same volume of that ingredient. This way, you can memorize how many cups are equal to a certain measure in grams and vice versa, if you want to know the specific ingredient you are working with.

Step 2. Keep small amounts on record

Ingredients aggregated in small portions can be difficult to measure in grams, but knowing how their masses compare to their volumes can also be very helpful.

• Yeast: 1 gram = 1/3 tsp.
• Table salt: 1 gram = 1/6 teaspoon.
• Malt powder: 1 gram = 1/4 to 1/3 tsp.
• Cinnamon: 1 gram = 3/8 tsp.
• Dried yeast: 1 gram = 1/4 tsp.
• Baking powder and baking soda: 1 gram = 1/5 tsp.

Step 3. Know some common dry ingredient comparisons

Typically, you will need to know the cup to gram ratio when working with ingredients like flour and sugar.

• General flour: 1 cup = 128 g
• Bread flour: 1 cup = 136 g
• Oats: 1 cup = 85 g
• White sugar: 1 cup = 201 g
• Brown sugar: 1 cup = 220 g

Step 4. Note some other common comparisons

It might be a good idea to figure out the mass-to-volume ratio of any ingredient you frequently use in the kitchen. You can find your own reason by weighing 1 cup of any ingredient with a scale and then noting the amount in grams displayed.

• Reasons for other common ingredients include:

• Butter: 1 cup = 227 g
• Honey, molasses and syrup: 1 cup = 340 g
• Chocolate chips: 1 cup = 152 g
• Cocoa powder: 1 cup = 128 g
• Chopped walnuts: 1 cup = 122 g
• Pecan halves: 1 cup = 99 g
• Coconut in strips: 1 cup = 71 g
• Solid fat: 1 cup = 205 g