Whether you're playing an action character who is on the run from the police because her boyfriend has been wrongly accused or you simply want to try a new color without spending too much, dyeing your hair at home saves you money and time. You have to learn how to choose the right dye, how to prepare your hair and face for the procedure, do a streak test, pass the dye, rinse your hair and touch up the roots when the hair starts to grow.
Part 1 of 3: Getting Ready
Step 1. Wash your hair 24 to 48 hours before dyeing
Doing this allows the hair's natural oils to be produced, which helps the dye to penetrate more easily. The dye will blend more naturally into the hair, which tends to result in a longer duration.
- If possible, avoid using conditioner when washing your hair the day before coloring. The conditioner eliminates the natural oils needed to fix the paint.
- If you have really dry hair, conditioner every night for at least five minutes in the hot bath for a week before dyeing. Do not apply conditioner the night before washing. This will prevent the hair from drying out after dyeing.
Step 2. Choose the color
It's easy to get confused among hundreds of shades to choose from. If this is your first time coloring your hair, choose a dye no more than two shades darker or lighter than your natural color.
- If you are new to dyeing, use a temporary or semi-permanent dye first. Using these products makes sure that if you get it wrong, you won't have to live with it for long. Remember that semi-permanent dye should be applied to damp hair.
- Temporary dyes usually fade after six to 12 washes. Semi-permanent, after 20 to 26 washes. Permanent dyes usually last six to eight weeks, but sometimes they can last longer.
Step 3. Protect your home and clothing from paint stains
You want to dye your hair, not leave colored smudges on the rug or blouse. Cover surrounding surfaces that could be covered with ink and spread newspapers on the floor. Keep a roll of paper towels nearby to clean up ink spills and put on an old shirt, preferably one ready to go to waste. It's very easy to stain any clothing you're wearing.
Step 4. Place a towel or hairdressing apron over your shoulders
The protection will catch any dye that falls out of the hair during the coloring process. You can find hairdressing aprons at cosmetic stores. If you prefer the towel, use a dark one to avoid visible stains. Fasten it around the neck with a safety pin or clasp.
Step 5. Comb your hair well and do not leave it tangled
This will make it easier to apply the dye, but it will also help ensure an even coloration.
Step 6. Cover the hairline, ears and neck before applying dye to the strands
Use Vaseline, lip balm, or the conditioner that came with the dye (if one came). Although this is optional, the protection will make it easier to rinse off the dye that falls on your skin.
Step 7. Put on gloves
They usually come in the dye kit, but if they don't, use any rubber, vinyl, or latex gloves. It is essential to use gloves when dyeing hair or your hands will also be dyed.
Step 8. Use the bottle or bowl that came in the kit to mix the tincture
Most dye kits have bottles used to mix the color. Follow the instructions to mix the ingredients in the container provided and then shake well until smooth. If you don't have a bowl in the kit, you need to buy one to mix.
If your kit doesn't include a brush, buy one at a cosmetics store or use your gloved fingers to apply the dye
Step 9. Mix the paint with the developer
This only applies to certain dyes – the box will have developer instructions. It usually comes in the kit. Otherwise, buy one at a nearby pharmacy.
If you need to buy one, choose a 20% developer
Part 2 of 3: Dyeing your hair
Step 1. Use a comb to separate the hair into locks
Take large clips to secure and separate the strands. Doing this ensures that you won't forget a piece of hair and leave it unpainted.
Step 2. Apply dye to locks of hair
Divide the locks again as you work (to make the color more even). Use an applicator bottle or brush to pour the dye into your hair. Run your gloved fingers to spread the dye into your hair. Where you should start to apply the ink depends on your previous contact with chemistry.
- For virgin hair (which has never been dyed before), start applying the dye two fingers from the root.
- For touch-ups, apply to a root finger.
- Dye your hair well so that the color penetrates all the layers.
Step 3. Set an alarm to go off when the dye waits out according to the instructions on the box
Do not rinse before waiting for the minimum time and do not leave the dye on the hair beyond the stipulated time. Follow the instructions exactly. If you have a lot of white threads, it is best to leave the dye for as long as allowed.
Never let the dye stay in your hair overnight. Doing so causes dry hair and severe skin irritation
Part 3 of 3: Rinsing your hair
Step 1. Wipe excess ink off the neck and forehead with a sheet of paper towel or a damp cloth
Do not approach the dye in the hair. If you prefer, put on a shower cap to prevent it from running around.
Once you've put on the cap, wrap a towel around your head to retain body heat and speed up the coloring process
Step 2. Wait the suggested time before rinsing your hair
At the end of it, go into the bath or use the sink to get the dye out of your hair. Use hot water for rinsing and remain there until the water comes out clean.
Don't be alarmed if you see the color coming out of the water – this is completely normal and doesn't mean you got the color wrong. If the dye is temporary, color will come out every time the hair is washed
Step 3. Wash your hair with shampoo and conditioner
Wait at least an hour before washing to allow the dye to fully penetrate the hair bulb. After shampooing, use the conditioner that came with the kit. Run it all over your hair.
Almost all kits come with a conditioner, but if yours doesn't, use one you have at home
Step 4. Dry and style your hair as usual
Use a blow dryer or let it dry naturally. Once the strands are dry, model as usual to show off the new color! If you are not happy with the result, make an appointment with a colorist to correct it. It's always good to wait at least two weeks to dye your hair again.
- If you're using permanent dye to prepare your hair for an event or trip where it's ideally healthy and looking natural, dye it at least a week in advance. This allows time for the hair (and scalp) to wash a few times. A hair dyed yesterday looks artificial; what was painted a week ago is much less obvious when it comes to coloring.
- Buy products made especially for colored hair. Detergents are not as strong in these products, which helps the color last longer.
- Do not rinse with warm water as this helps the color go away faster.
- Some dyes use a chemical called phenylenediamine, which can cause allergic reactions in some people. If the dye you are using contains this ingredient, it is best to test a small area of skin before applying it to your hair. Apply some dye directly to the skin, behind the ear or on the arm joint (the most common places for this) and leave for 20 minutes, then rinsing. Wait 24 hours to see if there is an allergic reaction.
- If you feel burning or itching while the dye is working, rinse immediately.
- Never try to paint your eyebrows or eyelashes. This can seriously damage the eyes or even lead to blindness.