Pregnancy brings many changes to a woman's daily life, even affecting the beauty and personal care routine, since not all cosmetics and products for use on the skin are safe to use during pregnancy. There's no need to panic or worry too much, however, as we're here to help you understand the basics of making informed and safe decisions for yourself and your baby.
Method 1 of 8: How can I buy the products safely?
Step 1. Always check the product label
Cosmetic companies often use different ingredients in their products, and it's not always easy to know exactly what you're putting on your skin. So take a few minutes to read the labels before buying anything.
To be even more on the safe side, always opt for alternatives with few ingredients, as they are less chemical
Step 2. Always be on the lookout for "natural" products
The terms "green" and "natural" are not very informative and do not always guarantee safety. In fact, many "natural" ingredients can be produced in laboratories or extracted from uneven areas.
Method 2 of 8: Which skin care ingredients are dangerous during pregnancy?
Step 1. Avoid hydroquinone
Hydroquinone is absorbed through the skin quite easily. Although there are not necessarily birth and pregnancy problems associated with the ingredient, experts recommend that it should be avoided as a precaution.
Hydroquinone is a substance that helps to lighten the skin and is found in lightening creams and ointments
Step 2. Avoid topical retinoids
Most people do not absorb much retinoids through the skin, but there is always a small chance that your child will develop birth defects if you use these products. If you use a lot of antiaging products, prefer those made with soy, kojic acid, glycolic acid or vitamin C.
If you used a retinoid-based acne treatment before becoming pregnant, see your doctor about possible alternatives. Azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid are some options
Step 3. Avoid products containing parabens
Parabens are used to extend the life of makeup on the skin and prevent mold and germs from spoiling the products. However, they often mimic estrogen in the body and have associations with tumors. As a precaution, avoid products that contain propylparaben, isopropylparaben, butylparaben, isobutylparaben, methylparaben or ethylparaben in the ingredients list.
Method 3 of 8: Is it safe to use sunscreen?
Step 1. Natural sunscreens are safe, but chemical ones are not
Chemical sunscreens contain ingredients such as avobenzone, octocrilene, oxybenzone, homosalate, octisalate and methyl anthranilate. Give preference to protectants with ingredients such as zinc oxide or titanium oxide.
Step 2. Liquid protectants are much safer than those in sprays
Even if you're very careful, just a little wind at the time of spray application and the chemicals will end up in your lungs. As a precaution, then, buy sunscreen creams.
The same goes for spray repellents. Overall, creams and lotions are much safer
Method 4 of 8: What other ingredients should I avoid?
Step 1. Avoid fragrances and phthalates
Phthalates are very common ingredients in nail polish and fragrance cosmetics, but this substance can interfere with hormones and development and is extremely harmful to the fetus. To be safe, buy only products whose labels say "fragrance-free" or "phthalate-free".
Not all packages list "phthalates" as ingredients. Many manufacturers use vague terms such as "perfume" or "fragrance"
Step 2. Do not use triclosan products
As much as it is not present in cosmetics, triclosan can be found in soaps, disinfectants and antiseptics. Unfortunately, it is a substance that can mess with hormone levels and is even illegal in some situations.
As hard as triclosan is today, it is still used in antiseptic sprays in first-aid kits, hand sanitizers and liquid soaps. Whenever you go to buy any of these products, check the ingredients list
Step 3. Run away from formaldehyde
Formaldehyde is used in a variety of beauty products, including hair straightening treatments, eyelash glue and nail polish. To avoid this, check product ingredient lists and avoid those containing quaternium-15, dimethyl-dimethyl (DMDM), imidazolidinylurea, hydantoin, sodium hydroxymethylglycinate, and bronopol.
Method 5 of 8: Are there any other dangerous ingredients?
Step 1. There are, many
Various components of antiperspirants (aluminum chloride hexahydrate), skin care products (beta-hydroxy acids), body and hair care products (diethanolamine), self tanning products (dihydroxyacetone), chemical epilators (thioglycolic acid) and enamel (toluene, methylbenzene and 1a) antisalt may be harmful during pregnancy. It is not necessary to completely abolish all products available in perfumeries, but always check the ingredients before making any purchase.
Method 6 of 8: Can hyaluronic acid be used during pregnancy?
Step 1. Yes, topical hyaluronic acid is safe for general use
The human body already produces the substance naturally in the skin, eyes and joints, making it safe for topical application. It is also okay to use products with hyaluronic acid when breastfeeding.
Method 7 of 8: Which brands are safe to use during pregnancy?
Step 1. Look for products verified by the Environmental Working Group (EWG)
It is an American NGO that studies and analyzes various cosmetic products in search of harmful ingredients. If a product is marked as "verified" by the NGO website, you can believe that it does not contain toxic ingredients.
- To find verified products, go to: https://www.ewg.org/ewgverified. Obviously, as it is an American NGO, you will only find imported products there.
- Remember to avoid products with hydroquinone or retinol, even if they are verified by the NGO. Unfortunately, despite not being toxic, these components are dangerous during pregnancy.
Method 8 of 8: Should I avoid cleaning products during pregnancy?
Step 1. Not necessarily, but it's important to take some extra security measures
Always wear rubber gloves to avoid contact of chemicals with your skin and always work in open, well-ventilated environments, avoiding inhalation of toxic fumes.
Step 2. Prepare your own cleaning products if you want something more natural
Create an all-purpose product by mixing 2 cups white distilled vinegar and 2 cups water in a small spray bottle. If you want to make your own laundry soap, mix 1 cup soap flakes, ½ cup baking soda, and ½ cup baking soda. To make a product to clean the toilet, mix vinegar and baking soda directly into the dishes.