How to Make Cappuccino Foam: 13 Steps

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How to Make Cappuccino Foam: 13 Steps
How to Make Cappuccino Foam: 13 Steps

Cappuccino is a drink made from espresso coffee and boiled milk. The most striking part of the drink is the milk foam on top, and it is precisely this consistent and pleasant layer that puts a good cappuccino in front of other varieties of coffee. Making this drink is an art that takes time to perfect, but learning the basics will get you on your way to making a perfect cappuccino.


Part 1 of 3: Foaming with a steam heating jar

Make Cappuccino Foam Step 1

Step 1. Pour the espresso coffee into the cappuccino cup

Cappuccinos are usually made up of ¼ espresso and ¾ milk, but this can vary depending on the type of drink and the person making it. Pour the desired amount of ready-made espresso into a large cappuccino cup before boiling the milk. This way, everything will be ready to add the milk when it is very hot.

Step 2. Fill a warming jug with cold milk

These jars are specially made for heating liquids using steam. Traditional cappuccinos are usually 180 ml, although some people prefer 350 ml cups. You can use 3/4 to 1 ½ cup of milk, depending on what you prefer.

  • Skimmed milk is the best option for those who want a lot of foam. However, it will not have the creamy taste of the whole version. It's up to you to choose more foam or more flavor.
  • You can also use a metal jug, a spout or shake the milk in a pot. However, an authentic cappuccino is made with steam.

Step 3. Steam the milk until it is hot

The boiled milk is what gives the temperature and texture to the cappuccino and should be between 60 and 71 ºC. It is important not to let it go above 71°C so that the person can drink it without difficulty. Depending on the heater, the amount of milk and the temperature it is in, this process can take 10 to 40 seconds. The ideal is to have a thermometer handy to put in the milk, so you can be sure it's at the right temperature, without having to rely on hunches.

If you don't have a thermometer, you can notice the temperature rise by placing your hand on the outside of the heater. Wait until it starts to get warm to the touch. When the outside becomes too hot to hold your hand, then the milk has warmed up well

Step 4. Use the boiled milk quickly

The longer the milk waits, the worse the quality of the cappuccino will be. Milk is very sensitive to heat and should be boiled just before going into the cup. If you're going to make several cappuccinos at once, don't heat all the milk. If it is heated and reheated, it will become rancid and will not foam.

Step 5. Put the hot milk in the cappuccino cup

Cappuccino should be served in a cup of coffee, mixing milk and espresso. The trick here is to pour the milk in slowly. Any quick movement will compromise the foam. Tilt the jar slowly as you pour.

  • One way to save as much froth on top is to grab a spoon to hold the froth in the jar. When the milk is almost gone, then you can release the foam.
  • Spoon the foam evenly.
Make Cappuccino Foam Step 6

Step 6. Know how to identify a good and a bad foam

For the foam to come out perfect, skill is needed. That is, you will need a few tries before you can make the foam the way you want it. And to do that, you'll have to be able to distinguish which one worked and which one didn't. The right foam will be very uniform and soft looking. The bad one will make the bubbles more visible and may leak to the sides.

  • The froth can go wrong for two reasons: the milk needs to be poured at the correct depth, or the temperature was too high to form a smooth, “soft” froth.
  • Don't give up if the foam doesn't come out right the first time. Making coffee drinks requires a lot more skill than most people realize. The more you try, the easier it will be to see the details needed to get a good result.

Part 2 of 3: Using Other Methods to Make Foam

Step 1. Use a steam nozzle with a chilled metal jar

The steam nozzle heats the milk in a way that does not affect its taste. Place the nipple in the milk until it reaches almost the bottom of the jar, leaving 1 cm away. Going from the bottom to the top causes the milk to be evenly heated.

Step 2. Use a milk frother

In coffee machines, foaming is an effect that occurs almost unintentionally, unlike the milk frother, which is specially made to froth. This device is relatively inexpensive and can be found on the internet. Place the beater's nozzle 1 cm below the surface and hold it for about 20 seconds while it beats. Move the nozzle slowly across the container to make the foam even.

If using the whisk, the milk can be heated on the stove or in the microwave

Step 3. Shake the milk to easily froth

If you're going to make a cappuccino, it's assumed you want something of high quality, not a simple or quick drink. Therefore, you can froth by shaking the milk before heating. Place a cup of cold milk in a closed jar. Shake vigorously for a minute or so. Microwave milk for 30 seconds immediately. The milk needs to be hot to make the cappuccino, but the heat also stabilizes the microbubbles that were formed when shaking.

This solution works well for those who don't love cappuccinos. Just don't forget that the foam won't look as good as it would steam

Part 3 of 3: Serving the cappuccino

Step 1. Draw a design on the cappuccino. It is possible to form designs on the cappuccino by making thoughtful movements while the milk is poured into the cup. This art is not easy and some baristas take months to learn. However, a heart or a simple swirl will make the drink look more professional and elegant when it is served. There are different types of designs for all skill levels.

  • If you want to make a heart, start by pouring it in the middle and then drop it from side to side.
  • If the milk is full of froth, it is almost impossible to draw designs on the cappuccino.
Make Cappuccino Foam Step 11

Step 2. Add cinnamon or chocolate flakes to the foam

People value presentation almost as much as flavor when it comes to cappuccinos, and cinnamon or chocolate flakes score points for both. Once the foam sets, sprinkle these ingredients for a special touch. Even if you're making it at home, this technique can make your cappuccino look professional.

Make Cappuccino Foam Step 12

Step 3. Use cups suitable for cappuccino

They should be small, smooth, elegant and with a handle. Depending on the size of the cappuccino, the cup should have a capacity of 350 ml. Since this drink requires a lot of effort to make, don't use an old cup. Even if you don't think aesthetics matter, you may find that you'll enjoy the drink a lot more if it's served correctly.

Combine the amount of cappuccino with the cup. Culturally, people prefer smaller cups to enhance flavor over gluttony. If the amount of cappuccino is not large, putting it in a large cup will take away some of the aesthetics of the drink

Make Cappuccino Foam Step 13

Step 4. Serve with small cookies

Muffins, cookies, brownies, or cookies often accompany caffeinated beverages. Place a couple of cookies on a plate next to the cappuccino to turn it into a tasteful experience of another level. Enjoy!


The word "cappuccino" is derived from the Capuchin monks. The drink got its name because it has a color similar to the clothes of these religious people


  • Drinks containing coffee must not exceed 350 ml. Some coffee lovers turn up their noses if the drink is more than 180 ml. If you're trying to impress someone, don't forget about it.
  • Cappuccinos are hot drinks. Be careful not to burn yourself when making one.

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