3 Ways to Treat a Sting Ray

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3 Ways to Treat a Sting Ray
3 Ways to Treat a Sting Ray
Anonim

Stingrays are flat-bodied, cartilaginous fish with one or more stingers located in the middle of the tail. They usually live in tropical or subtropical coastal waters, which makes it possible for them to come into contact with humans. Although not normally aggressive, the stingray will use the stinger to defend itself when stepped on, secreting poison into the victim's wound. Fortunately, we've developed a simple treatment model here in case you encounter this situation.

Steps

Method 1 of 3: Identifying Symptoms Severity

Treat a Stingray Sting Step 1

Step 1. Calm down

Although they are alarming and quite painful, stingray injuries are rarely fatal. In fact, most stingray fatalities are not due to poisoning from the venom, but to internal organ damage (when the sting reaches the chest or abdomen), excessive blood loss, allergic reactions, or secondary infections. These complications, if they arise, can be managed by a professional medical team.

Treat a Stingray Sting Step 2

Step 2. Identify the symptoms

Take a moment to identify what your symptoms are. Among the most common are:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • bleeding
  • Weakness
  • Headaches
  • muscle cramps
  • Nausea/vomiting/diarrhea
  • dizziness/vertigo
  • Palpitations
  • difficulty breathing
  • fainting
Treat a Stingray Sting Step 3

Step 3. Prioritize the severity of your symptoms

Medically speaking, some symptoms are more severe than others. Find out if you are developing an allergic reaction, experiencing excessive blood loss, or experiencing poisonous poisoning. The presence of these symptoms indicates the need for medical help immediate.

  • Allergic reaction:

    swelling of the tongue, lips, head, neck or other parts of the body, difficulty breathing, wheezing or wheezing, red or itchy rash, fainting or unconsciousness.

  • Excessive blood loss:

    dizziness, fainting or loss of consciousness, sweating, elevated heart rate, decreased blood pressure, rapid breathing.

  • Poison Poisoning:

    headache, dizziness, dizziness, palpitations, muscle cramps and convulsions.

Treat a Stingray Sting Step 4

Step 4. Get adequate medical care or supplies

Depending on the severity of the symptoms, obtain the most appropriate medical care or supplies for the situation. This could mean getting a first-aid kit, going to the emergency room, or even contacting authorities for an ambulance.

When in doubt, always prefer to contact the highest level of care (eg Fire Department 193)

Method 2 of 3: Caring for the Injury

Treat a Stingray Sting Step 5

Step 1. Flush the wound with aquamarine water

While you are in the water, wet the wound with seawater, removing all particles and impurities from the affected area. Use scissors from a first aid kit if necessary. Once the site is thoroughly irrigated and all impurities have been removed, get out of the water and dry it with a clean towel, always taking care not to injure yourself further.

  • Not remove any sharp objects from the neck, chest or abdomen.
Treat a Stingray Sting Step 6

Step 2. Control any bleeding

Bleeding is common after a sting. As always, the best way to stop it is to apply pressure with a finger directly over or slightly above the bleeding source for a few minutes. The longer the time allowed for pressure, the more likely it is to stop the bleeding.

Try using hydrogen peroxide in conjunction with pressure to help stop bleeding, if you can't do it with pressure alone. But be careful: hydrogen peroxide can burn

Treat a Stingray Sting Step 7

Step 3. Soak the wound in hot water

You can combine this step with the previous one by applying direct pressure to the site to control bleeding. Soaking the wound in hot water helps relieve pain by denaturalizing the poison's protein complex. The ideal temperature is in the range of 45 °C, but be careful not to run the risk of getting burned. Leave the wound immersed for 30 to 90 minutes, or until the pain has subsided.

Treat a Stingray Sting Step 8

Step 4. Look at the wound for signs of infection

Proper care includes keeping the area clean (washing it with soap and rinsing it with water) and dry at all times. The wound must be uncovered and an antibiotic ointment applied daily. Avoid creams, lotions and ointments without antibiotic properties.

Over the next few days, if the area becomes red, tender, painful, itchy, or begins to swell and produce a cloudy discharge, seek medical attention in the emergency room or emergency center. You may need antibiotics and/or abscess drainage

Method 3 of 3: Seeking Medical Help

Treat a Stingray Sting Step 9

Step 1. Get a first aid kit

Depending on where you are, a first aid kit will be easy to find. Have someone bring it while you identify the symptoms and treat the wound itself. Some of the most useful items to find in the first aid kit include:

  • Gauze
  • Wound antiseptic (hydrogen peroxide, alcohol, soap, etc.)
  • scissors
  • Analgesic
  • antibiotic ointments
  • Dressing (Band-Aid, etc.)
Treat a Stingray Sting Step 10

Step 2. Find the nearest emergency room, emergency center or hospital

It's not a bad idea to ask a healthcare team to examine and treat your injuries. Not only will you receive professional care, you will also reduce the chances of infection and other complications. A treatment plan with instructions and recommendations will be given based on the assessment performed.

If the nearest location is at least 10 minutes away by car, it is important that you first obtain a first aid kit and control any bleeding before transport

Treat a Stingray Sting Step 11

Step 3. Call the Fire Department (193) or SAMU (192), where available

This is your safety net. Contact an emergency service in the following situations:

  • No access to a first aid kit or medical facility.
  • Penetrating wound to the head, neck, chest or abdomen.
  • Symptoms of an allergic reaction, excessive blood loss or poisoning from the poison.
  • History of previous medical illnesses and/or medications taken that could influence wound treatment.
  • When you are in doubt, confused, drunk, shocked, insecure, scared, or in any state that compromises rational action.

Tips

  • Whenever you swim, especially in tropical waters, be careful. Stingrays, sharks and other dangerous marine animals may be present. Also, be on the lookout for people around you who might need help.
  • Drag your feet as you walk in the water. This way you will touch the stingrays instead of stepping on them.
  • Try to expel as much poison as possible from the wound without causing further damage. This will help ease the pain.
  • If the sand is hot, you can use it as a medium to immerse the wound. Afterwards, it is important to take extra care to clean it well.
  • If you're on a boat, it's possible to get hot water from the outboard.
  • The medicine Benadryl largely eases the itching and swelling - take it as soon as possible. You can even divide an Aspirin in half and apply it carefully over the wound area.

Notices

  • Individuals with compromised immune systems, such as diabetics or people with HIV/AIDS, should seek prompt and aggressive medical treatment.
  • When in doubt, seek medical attention or contact the emergency service.
  • Call an emergency number (193, for the Fire Department, or 192 for the SAMU, where available) or go to the emergency center immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms:

    • Chest tightness
    • Swelling in the face, lips or mouth
    • difficulty breathing
    • Diffuse rash or hives
    • Nausea/vomiting

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