A cyst is a pouch filled with semi-solid materials, gases or liquids. Sebaceous cysts arise due to the accumulation of sebum, an oily substance that keeps the skin and hair hydrated. Most of these cysts appear on the face, neck, back and, very rarely, in the genital area. Although they grow slowly and usually don't cause pain, they can be uncomfortable and appear in embarrassing places on the body. It is possible to remove these cysts by surgical intervention or use home treatments to make them heal and disappear.
Method 1 of 2: Removing the cyst through surgery
Step 1. Note if the cyst is inflamed and irritated
Most sebaceous cysts are benign and do not even require treatment; however, in case of irritation or inflammation, it may be important to see your doctor to have it removed properly.
- Check for a small blackhead in the middle of the cyst. It can also be red, inflamed and sensitive.
- A viscous, yellow, and foul-smelling fluid can come out of the cyst when you press on it.
Step 2. Go to the doctor to have the lump examined
If you suspect an infection in the sebaceous cyst, allow a doctor to examine it; do not touch or try to pop it at home.
Attempting to burst the cyst increases the chance that it will appear again, as the “pocket” cannot be completely removed. In addition, it increases the possibility of infection and the appearance of scar tissue in the surrounding region
Step 3. Check the possibility of drainage of the cyst
This procedure is relatively simple and can be done in the professional's office. A local anesthetic will be applied so that you do not feel discomfort during the procedure.
- A small incision will be made in the cyst, removing the contents after applying light pressure, causing the fluid to drain out. It may have a yellowish, sticky appearance and a foul odor.
- The doctor may also remove the wall of the cyst so it doesn't grow back. It is a surgery considered small, with the application of stitches after removing the wall, which depends on the size of the bag.
- Usually, the removal of the lump is done as soon as the acute infection improves, preventing it from appearing again and being contaminated again.
Step 4. Do not allow the area around the removed cyst to become infected
The doctor should instruct you on how to keep the area clean and prevent bacteria from returning to the area; the professional will bandage the place where the cyst was, so that it heals. In addition, he will prescribe over-the-counter ointments so that the place is properly treated and protected against microorganisms.
Method 2 of 2: Performing Home Treatments on the Cyst
Step 1. Apply essential oils over the lump
Some essential oils have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties, decreasing the swelling of the cyst and reducing the chance of infections. This technique has not been proven medically.
- Use essential oils by applying them directly to the cyst or mix them with castor oil to dilute them. When choosing castor oil, add twice as much as the essential oil. Tea tree, garlic, turmeric and frankincense oils are all helpful in decreasing the size of the cyst.
- Apply a small amount of essential oils to the cyst four times a day using a cotton ball or cotton swab. Then cover the area with a small bandage. If the cyst does not shrink in size within one to two weeks, or still has inflammation and pain, go back to your doctor.
Step 2. Apply aloe gel
Astringent herbs such as aloe vera (aloe vera) can be used to “pull” keratin (protein), sebum, and other fluids from the cyst.
After applying the aloe vera, rinse the area with warm water three to four times a day. Castor oil can also be passed in the same way, repeating three to four times a day
Step 3. Add witch hazel
With a cotton swab or cotton swab, apply it directly to the cyst three to four times a day.
Step 4. Another option is to administer apple cider vinegar to dry the stone
Sensitive people can dilute it in a substance with equal amounts of vinegar and water. Spend three to four times daily.
Step 5. Use dried burdock root to remove proteins from the cyst
Mix ½ teaspoon of the root to 1 tablespoon of honey, applying the mixture directly to the cyst three or four times a day.
Step 6. Chamomile tea is also an alternative to promote healing of the cyst
Soak a tea bag in water and apply it directly to the cyst three to four times a day.
Step 7. Sanguinaria is an herb that can also be passed into the cyst
It is very common among American Indians to treat skin conditions, including cysts. Mix ⅛ teaspoon of bloodstain powder to 2 tablespoons of castor oil, passing over the cyst with a cotton swab.
Use only a little of the plant and on parts of the skin without any wounds or cuts. Never ingest blood sugar or apply around the eyes, mouth or genital region
Step 8. Place a hot compress over the stone
Use a cloth soaked in hot water and apply the compress at least four times a day for 10 minutes.
- Another option is to dip the cloth in chamomile tea (½ cup with water and ½ cup with chamomile tea) at rest for 10 minutes, applying soon after this period.
- Finally, try soaking the cloth in diluted apple cider vinegar, with equal amounts of water and boiled apple cider vinegar, and placing it over the cyst.
- Always consult the doctor if the cyst is on the eyelid or genital region. It will indicate the best form of treatment.
- If you don't notice improvement within five to seven days or you notice that the cyst appears to be infected, see your doctor. In cases of contamination, it is important to keep it clean and protected until the day of the consultation; proceed with home treatments, always being careful not to squeeze or injure the cyst. Wash your hands thoroughly before applying any home remedies to it.