Lacquer is a commonly used coating on wood to create a beautiful and durable surface. A clear lacquer can be used on a natural wood surface, and glossy products can highlight furniture. As with any other furniture coating, the time spent sanding and preparing the surface will result in a beautiful finish.
Method 1 of 3: Preparing the wood
Step 1. Choose the furniture you want to lacquer
If it has a rough surface, you will need to sand it with an 80 (medium) sandpaper until the edges are even. Use an electric sander for faster results.
Cover holes with filler. Common brands will not be compatible with the compounds present in the lacquer
Step 2. Sand the surface again with 120 sandpaper (extra fine)
This will create a smooth surface, but it will also help the primer adhere to the wood.
Step 3. Clean the surface completely with a piece of old clothing
Remove all debris before continuing. Vacuum the site to remove excess dust before starting the coating process.
Step 4. Spread splash protection cloths
Choose a place that is well ventilated to apply the lacquer. Many types of lacquer are toxic and flammable.
Method 2 of 3: Applying Lacquer
Step 1. Buy a suitable primer or foundation
This will help the lacquer to adhere more easily to the surface. If the wood has a rough finish, apply two coats of primer. Follow the manufacturer's instructions regarding drying time between applications.
Step 2. Buy cans of colored spray lacquer
The aerosol version is the best product to use the first time you try this method as it can be applied evenly.
If you have to use the liquid version, apply the compound with a natural bristle brush. Practice on a piece of wood before working on the furniture
Step 3. Wear a mask, safety glasses and gloves when painting or lacquering
Step 4. Sand the primer surface with fine sandpaper
Clean with the cloth before applying the lacquer.
Step 5. Shake the can according to the manufacturer's instructions
Hold the can between 25 and 45 cm in relation to the furniture surface. Spray with horizontal jets.
- If the surface starts to crease, like an orange peel, that means the can is too far away.
- If the surface has stronger marks, the can is too close.
- It may take some practice to find the ideal distance. This will also depend on the weather and the furniture itself.
Step 6. Cover the entire surface with a layer of lacquer
It will take 30 minutes or less for the material to dry, but 48 hours to cure. Allow each layer to cure before applying another.
Method 3 of 3: Applying Additional Coats of Lacquer
Step 1. Again, lightly sand the surface
Clean with the cloth.
Step 2. Apply a second coat of lacquer
Let it cure.
Step 3. Sand and clean the surface
Apply a third coat and let it cure for 48 hours. Lacquer is thinner than other coatings and requires more layers.
Step 4. Finish by polishing the surface with a No. 0000 steel wool
Wipe with the cloth and then apply a paste wax. Polish with a lint-free cloth.