If you suspect that your pet canary is sick, it is very important to take certain steps as soon as possible. These birds are susceptible to a number of health problems, including a type of smallpox, air sac mites, and so-called retention of eggs. Keep an eye out for any changes in behavior, such as lethargy or reduced appetite. You can even take your pet out of its cage and do a quick scan of its feathers, eyes, and skin. Finally, see a veterinarian to find out what exactly is going on. Don't delay!
Method 1 of 3: Monitoring the Canary
Step 1. See if the canary is quieter
Canaries are active birds and like to fly, even when in a cage. If your pet is stationary or spends much of its time perched, it may be best to consult a veterinarian. Be even more careful if the animal puts its head under its wings or sleeps near the birdseed or feed bowl.
Step 2. Listen to the sounds the canary makes
Any healthy canary spends the day chirping or singing. If your pet is quiet, wheezing, sneezing or coughing, it probably means he is sick. Also pay attention to the animal's breathing: if it feels fast or heavy, it may have contracted the smallpox virus or aspergillosis (a fungal infection).
Step 3. See how much the canary is eating and drinking
Generally speaking, canaries eat between one and two teaspoons of birdseed or feed per day. As for water, you won't need to refill the bowl once every 24 hours. Any change in appetite can indicate health problems.
- If you notice that the canary is drinking water more often or that the bowl is getting empty every day, it may be dehydrated.
- Also, if your canary is not eating birdseed or feed, it may have lost its appetite. This is a common symptom in many health conditions.
Step 4. See if the canary's feathers are standing on end
In general, canaries ruffle and puff their feathers only when they are asleep or cold. If they go on like this for a long time, even when your pet is awake, it could be that he is sick.
Step 5. Take a look at the canary's feces and urine
When you're changing the forage in the canary's cage, take a good look at its droppings. Ideally, the stool is dark and solid and the urine is clear and watery. Any change in color or consistency indicates something is wrong.
- Shades of yellow or green can be symptoms of liver (liver) problems.
- Shades of red or black can be symptoms of internal bleeding.
- Soft, watery stools may indicate that the canary has diarrhea.
- Feces and urine do not produce strong smells when they are healthy. If you feel something like that, it could be that your pet has a condition called giardiasis.
Step 6. Try to find runny residue caused by sneezing
See if you find any discharge near the canary's nostrils or liquid it has released into the cage after sneezing. These substances clearly indicate that the animal is sick.
Method 2 of 3: Taking a Closer Look at the Canary
Step 1. Examine the canary's feathers
In general, the feathers of any healthy canary are soft, fluffy and shiny. If your pet is not like this, it may be that he has developed a problem. If the animal plucks the feathers on its own using its beak, it is possible that it is stressed.
If the canary's head feathers start to thin out, maybe it has a mite infestation
Step 2. Look for signs of discharge or redness in the canary's eyes
A healthy canary has large black eyes, with the surrounding skin area clean. If there is any discharge in the area, it could be a case of infection. Take a close look at your pet's little eyes.
Step 3. See if the canary's skin is peeling or flaking
Run a finger lightly over the canary's entire body, including the feathers, legs and beak. If you find any sores, lumps or husks, take them to the vet. Your pet may have a parasitic or viral infection.
Skin or feather sores are some of the symptoms of smallpox. They are white or yellow when they appear, but begin to form husks as the condition worsens
Step 4. Carefully pick up the canary and take a look at the sewer
The cloaca is located on the underside of the canary's body, near the tail feathers, and serves for the animal to defecate and urinate. Feathers in the region should be soft and dry. Otherwise, it could be diarrhea.
Step 5. Touch the canary's belly and see if it is holding eggs
If you have a canary at home, squeeze her belly lightly. If you can feel a swelling or a kind of lump, it may be that the animal has the so-called retention of eggs. Take him to the vet as soon as possible.
Retention also has other symptoms, such as when the bird wags its tail from side to side, has no appetite or has difficulty breathing
Step 6. Turn a flashlight on the canary's throat
If you hear the canary making a strange, crackling noise, turn on your cell phone's flashlight and take a look at its throat - preferably in a darker place. If there are small grains in the region, your pet may have an infestation of mites.
You can even swipe the outside of the canary's throat and see if there are any lumps, which would indicate that his crop is bruised
Method 3 of 3: Treating the Canary
Step 1. Consult a veterinarian who specializes in poultry
Your bird veterinarian will be able to identify what is wrong with your canary. He may order a blood or stool test or even an X-ray to make a diagnosis and, if possible, propose treatment with medication.
Look for a veterinarian specializing in poultry on the internet or ask your acquaintances for directions
Step 2. Quarantine your canary
Most birds transmit disease in a matter of time. If you have more than one canary, put the sick one in a clean, isolated cage (and, if possible, in a different area of the house) until he gets better.
Step 3. Control the temperature around the canary
The canary will not be able to regulate its own temperature when it is sick. Ideally, the environment is around 32 ºC. When the weather is too cold, install a heater in the cage.
Step 4. Install the perches closer to the cage floor
Sick canaries tend to roost all day. Therefore, if your pet is actually sick, it could end up falling and getting hurt. Just install the perches closer to the cage floor to prevent this from happening.
Step 5. Encourage the canary to feed
Keep the birdseed or feed and water bowls full, even when the canary is not eating. You can even give your pet soft foods like berries. He will be more motivated.