How to Raise a Pigeon as a Pet: 9 Steps

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How to Raise a Pigeon as a Pet: 9 Steps
How to Raise a Pigeon as a Pet: 9 Steps

Pigeons have been friendly animals and have been domesticated by humans for centuries. They have even been trained to perform tasks such as transporting messages. They like to have company, so when raising a single pigeon, you need to pay a lot of attention to it.


Method 1 of 2: Preparing the Pigeon

Keep a Single Pigeon Step 1

Step 1. Remember that you need to be dedicated

As pigeons are sociable animals, raising a pigeon is only recommended if you can provide companionship and have time to keep it happy.

  • In Brazil, there is no regulation that prohibits the breeding of pigeons.
  • There are several breeds of pigeons; the need for socialization of each varies greatly. However, always dedicate a part of the day to help socialize your new pet.
Keep a Single Pigeon Step 2

Step 2. Buy cages

It is necessary to have accommodation in the house and, if possible, outside it too, preparing them before bringing the pigeon to your home. He will be lost if he changes habitat without having a new home defined. Thoroughly clean the cages before placing the animal in them.

  • Indoors, the ideal is for the cage to be rectangular and partially closed. There shouldn't be holes big enough for the pigeon to stick its head out. This animal likes to walk, so cover the floor of the cage with paper or artificial grass; also, leave the cage in a well-lit area, but not in direct sunlight. It is important to cover the cage overnight if it will be exposed to light.
  • Outdoor aviaries should be about 15 cm² wide and 20 cm high. Place perches so the pigeon can make a nest; a perch should be as high as possible. It is necessary that the aviary is well protected and resistant to not allow the entry of predators that roam the outside of the house, in addition to being oriented to the south or southeast, facilitating the entry of sunlight.
  • Put a container that the bird can use to clean itself.
  • Some breeds are used to “free flying”. You can place a dovecote on the side of the house, but the chance of being hunted by predators will increase when you can fly freely.
Keep a Single Pigeon Step 3

Step 3. Buy food

There are several types of feed for pigeons. The best option is to provide the "pellets", which are full of nutrients; when choosing seeds and mixed feed, it will be necessary to supplement the pigeon's feed.

  • Lettuce, endive, spinach, blueberry, apple, pear and morujem are good options to supplement the pet's diet.
  • Gravel and coarse sand will help with digestion.
  • At pet stores, you can buy vitamins and calcium supplements that will be beneficial to the pigeon's health.
Keep a Single Pigeon Step 4

Step 4. Find places that breed pigeons on the internet

Get in touch to find out if there are already any that can be bought and taken home. Also research animal shelters, as some are rescued on the street, injured. Always ask about the animal's breed and specific care; each has different needs, in addition to having different behaviors.

It is recommended to analyze the pigeon beforehand, to confirm that it meets your expectations, and to check if you or your relatives have any allergies. Check the health of the bird, if the shelter is clean and if it is being well taken care of; otherwise, it can be difficult to get the animal to socialize

Method 2 of 2: Taking care of the pigeon

Keep a Single Pigeon Step 5

Step 1. Leave the pigeon indoors at first

After bringing him home, it is recommended that he stay indoors so that you can develop bonds with him. If the pigeon is really alone, it is important that the owner is always around and is the company of the pigeon.

The kitchen is not a good place to leave it; the smoke produced by the pans is toxic to them

Keep a Single Pigeon Step 6

Step 2. Develop a bond with the pigeon

In the first few days, allow the pet to adapt to the location; don't touch it, but talk often and stay close to the cage. After a while, pat it very lightly.

Keep a Single Pigeon Step 7

Step 3. Let the pigeon explore the house

Allow the pigeon to leave the cage, preferably in an enclosed space such as a small room. Repeating this every day will calm him down, and after a while, he will allow you to pick him up. Handle it every day to develop the bond between you.

  • Pigeons can transmit diseases that infect humans, such as psittacosis. If you or a family member has a weakened immune system, it's best to see a doctor to see if it's okay to be indoors with these animals.
  • Wash your hands after picking up the pet. They can carry salmonella bacteria.
  • Avoid leaving pigeons near dogs and cats.
Keep a Single Pigeon Step 8

Step 4. Place the pigeon outside

Although they can even stay inside the residence, they prefer contact with the outdoors; it is recommended to build an aviary to serve as the animal's habitat. When you get it from a breeder, ask him if the pigeon can fly free.

Keep a Single Pigeon Step 9

Step 5. Bring a companion to the pigeon

These animals are monogamous and will always mate with their partner; however, they can stake out territory. To avoid confrontations, introduce each other slowly; leave one of them indoors for the pigeon to adjust and be comfortable with the new place.

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