4 Ways to Feed Quails

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4 Ways to Feed Quails
4 Ways to Feed Quails

Although the process of feeding quails is quite simple, it is important to provide them with a balanced diet and the right type of food. The type of food quail will depend on the age of the birds, the reason you are raising them and, mainly, how you prefer to feed them.


Method 1 of 4: Providing Basic Food and Water

Feed Quail Step 1

Step 1. Buy a high quality quail feed from an online store

Unlike other chickens, the quality of quails decays according to the quality of their food. This applies mainly to quails raised for breeding and for laying eggs. If you cannot find high quality quail feed, offer another type of chicken feed. You can, for example, try offering them turkey feed, which generally has a higher protein content compared to chicken feed, which makes it more suitable for feeding quails.

  • Chicken feed can be a good choice for meat quail.
  • If you choose turkey feed, make sure the feed is free of medication.
  • Always consult a qualified nutritionist before making substitutions in the quail's food.
  • About 80% of the quail's diet consists of grains. Most of the diet of quails and other chickens consists of ground corn, grains (barley, oats, rye and wheat), millet, sorghum, oat grains, popcorn, safflower seeds, huskless sunflower seeds and husk sunflower seeds.
Feed Quail Step 2

Step 2. Offer enough food for the quails and check that the food has the ideal texture

Quail feeding is easy, as they stop eating when they are full. However, they are picky about the size of the food. If the beans are too small or too big, they won't eat. The food must be the ideal size.

  • If the ration comes in the form of pieces, break it up so that it is the ideal size for the quails to ingest. Try to keep all the pieces the same size, otherwise the quails will only eat the pieces they like best and leave the rest aside. This can cause an imbalance in the quail's diet.
  • Avoid offering crushed feed if possible. If you really need to use crushed feed, try not to leave it with the consistency of powder. Dust can easily accumulate between the fingers of quails, causing infections.
  • Adult quails usually eat about 20 to 25 grams of feed per day.
Feed Quail Step 3

Step 3. Keep pans clean, dry and easily accessible

Try to keep the feeders in a dry place, protected from rain, snow, sunlight and wind. It is also recommended to keep the feed away from the water feeder. If the feed gets wet, it can become moldy, becoming fatal to quails. In addition, it is recommended to empty the feeders frequently. Only wash them when they are dirty with residues or if the feed itself ends up wetting.

  • Try to keep the feeder at the height of the quails' crop.
  • Use linear feeders, which have enough space for quails to eat comfortably without having to compete for food.
  • How often you should empty the feeders will depend on how many quails you have. If you don't have many, you may only need to empty the feeders about two to three times a week, and if you have many, you may need to empty them even once a day.
  • Quails can make a lot of mess while eating. It is recommended to keep the feed in a support that prevents spillage.
Feed Quail Step 4

Step 4. Offer plenty of water for the quails and try to keep it in an easily accessible place

In general, the height of the water trough must be lower than the back of the quails. Most quail breeders recommend placing marbles at the bottom of the feeder. This will not only make the water more attractive to the birds, it will also serve as an escape route should they accidentally fall into the water.

Quails tend to drink wildly. It might be a good idea to build an area that gives birds easy access to drink water - to do this you should dig a shallow hole in the ground, line the bottom with plastic, and add a ramp to the hole

Feed Quail Step 5

Step 5. Keep water troughs clean and replace water daily to minimize bacterial growth

Clean the pan three times a week with a non-toxic disinfectant. Do not pour old water into the chicken house. The chicken coop should always be kept as dry as possible.

  • Pay even more attention to water during winter. Don't let her freeze.
  • Add a little apple cider vinegar to the water from time to time. This procedure will help to eliminate parasites, in addition to improving the appearance of the quail's feathers.
Feed Quail Step 6

Step 6. Store the food in a clean, dry place and use it within the expiration date

When not stored correctly, food can start to mold and, as discussed earlier, this can be fatal to quails. In addition, improperly stored food can attract other pests such as rats and insects.

  • Use the feed within the shelf life, which is usually three weeks after the manufacturing date. It may be necessary to use the feed even before the deadline if the place where you live is hot and humid.
  • Throw away any food that smells bad or spoiled, as this indicates that the food has molded or has passed its expiration date.
  • In addition to eating quail food, rats can also contaminate it.

Method 2 of 4: Providing Complementary Foods

Feed Quail Step 7

Step 1. Offer fruits and vegetables

About 20% of the quail's diet consists of vegetables, fruits, leaves and other fibrous compounds. Don't be afraid to offer other types of food. However, remember to take the quail's natural habitat into account. For example, if your quails are a type commonly found in deserts, you can offer them pitayas.

  • It may be a good idea to plant berries such as: blackberries, currants, blueberries, manzanita, oregon grapes, salal, amelanqueiro and symphoricarpos.
  • Also offer vegetables such as: broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cucumbers, peas, lettuce and turnip leaves.
  • Be careful when offering tomatoes. Quails can eat ripe tomatoes, but they cannot eat any other parts of the plant, including the leaves and stem.
Feed Quail Step 8

Step 2. Offer other types of food as well

A quail's diet should consist primarily of rations suitable for the bird, however, you can offer other types of food to please the birds, including: cake, pasta, rice and sweet corn.

  • Quails love nuts and seeds. It may be beneficial to have some nut or seed trees nearby, including ash, bark, hazel and oak. Quails will eat the nuts and seeds dropped by these trees.
  • Quails (especially chicks) also love insects. Insects are rich in proteins and they are essential for laying quails and their young.
Feed Quail Step 9

Step 3. Find out what types of food can be toxic to quails

Such foods include: avocado, caffeine, chocolate, grape seeds, meat, parsley, rhubarb, tomato leaves and stems, salty foods, raw potatoes, and most citrus fruits.

  • Quails will avoid any food that is toxic unless they are starving (which would indicate that you should feed them more often).
  • There are several types of plants that are poisonous to quail, but you probably won't come across them. Either way, it's important to be cautious.
  • Avoid offering food from your garden to the quails. They will quickly find out where the food came from and may try to pick it up on their own, damaging your garden.
Feed Quail Step 10

Step 4. Provide a bowl of ground corn for the quails

This will help them digest their food; however, if they tend to roam the grass frequently, ground corn will not be needed as they will find food in the ground (which will aid their digestion).

Method 3 of 4: Feeding Quails at Different Stages of Life

Feed Quail Step 11

Step 1. Offer starter feed to the quail chicks right after the eggs have hatched, until they are six to eight weeks old

Puppies need a lot of protein, which is found in starter feeds. Starter feeds also have other nutrients and vitamins, which allow the chickens to grow healthily.

  • Use long, linear feeders to feed the chicks. Transition to circular feeders after puppies reach two weeks of age. Also, offer water in a smaller bowl.
  • Puppies can eat fine crumbs until they are six to eight weeks old. Coarse textured foods and grains of feed are more recommended for older quails.
  • Teach the quail chicks to drink by dipping their beaks into the plate or bowl. If they are in the presence of the mother, this will not be necessary, as she will teach them.
Feed Quail Step 12

Step 2. Offer a good quality growth ration when the quails are six to eight weeks old

Chicken rations with at least 20% protein are the most recommended for quail. The ration must have enough protein so that the quail's diet is properly balanced and they grow in a healthy way.

  • If you intend to use the quails for cutting, it is not necessary to offer them growth feed - instead, offer a final chicken feed.
  • If you intend to use the quails for breeding or for laying eggs, transition to the new diet slowly until they are ten weeks old.
Feed Quail Step 13

Step 3. Feed laying hens to the quails as soon as they start laying eggs

Laying rations contain enough calcium for quails to lay strong, healthy eggs. Try to grind the beans a little if you think they are too big for the quails. This is particularly important if you have purchased chicken feed, as this is larger than quail feed. Just be careful not to crush the beans to the point of powder.

Feed Quail Step 14

Step 4. Always provide fresh water

Clean the water bowl one to three times a week and fill it once a day. Bowls often get dirty as quails step on them, drop dirt and fodder into the water, among other things!

Method 4 of 4: Feeding Quails for Different Purposes

Feed Quail Step 15

Step 1. Keep in mind what you want to do with the quails

Do you intend to raise them for cutting, for eggs, for breeding or just want them as pets? The quail's diet will depend on your reason for raising them, as you will have to choose the most appropriate feed. The four main types of feed are:

  • Initial.
  • Growth.
  • Feed for laying hens.
  • Final.
Feed Quail Step 16

Step 2. Offer the quails a mix of the starter feed and the final feed if you intend to use them or sell them for meat

The final feed will help support the quail until it is old enough to be slaughtered. The final feed has more fiber than the others.

Offer starter feed for the quail from the time the eggs hatch until the sixth week of age. Transition to final feed after six weeks of age. Continue offering the final feed until the time to sell or slaughter the quail

Feed Quail Step 17

Step 3. Offer a mixture of starter feed and growth feed if you intend to use the quail for flight or hunting

This diet is also more suitable for quail raised as pets. The growth feed is different from the final feed in that it contains more protein.

Offer starter feed soon after the egg has hatched and until the quail's sixth week of age. Transition to growth feed after six weeks of age, continuing until the quail is 16 weeks of age

Feed Quail Step 18

Step 4. Pay special attention to laying and breeding quails

Laying and breeding quail will need a special feed when it is time to lay eggs. Improper feeding can result in flaky and brittle eggs.

  • Most quail breeds should consume starter feed from the moment they hatch from the egg until the sixth week of age. The growth ration should be introduced after the sixth week of age. Continue until 20 weeks of age, then feed laying hens.
  • The quail must receive starter feed from birth to the sixth week of age, and then start consuming feed for laying hens. Quail does not need feed for growth.


  • Do not offer treats to quail too often, as this is not good for the birds' diet. The ideal is always to offer them common food so that their diet remains balanced.
  • It is possible to find feed for quail in agricultural stores, in the pet shop and online.
  • Offer plenty of feed for the quails and never let them go hungry.
  • Quails stop eating when satiated, so don't worry if you've added too much feed.
  • If the quails are not getting enough protein, it may be a good idea to offer them starter feed, or any other feed that contains 20% more protein. You can also add turkey feed to the quail's diet.
  • Add crushed oyster shell or eggshell to the quail feed. This procedure is particularly important if the quail eggs are coming out soft and fragile. Egg shells and oyster shells have a high calcium content, which fortifies quail eggs.

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