Mini lop rabbits are famous for their docile nature and tough body, qualities that make them great pets. Mini lops, like all rabbits, need a clean cage, a nutritious diet and gentle handling to grow well and happily. If you want to know how to take good care of your mini lop, see step one.
Part 1 of 3: Providing Shelter and Food
Step 1. Buy a rabbit cage
Mini lops are small animals, but they like to have plenty of room to jump. Look for a cage made specifically for the breed. It should be between 90 and 120 cm wide and 60 cm deep. The bottom and sides should be made of wire, not glass, as the puppy will need fresh air in the cage.
If you decide you want the cage outside, put it in a shady place so the rabbit doesn't get too hot in the summer. You may need to heat the cage during the winter if the temperature drops too low. It's important to keep potential predators away. Foxes, dogs, cats and birds of prey are quite dangerous for rabbits
Step 2. Line the cage with a soft material
If it is made of wire, first cover it with wooden boards so that the animal's paws are not trapped. Then cover the structure with hay or pieces of wood. This way, your pet can make a soft and cozy nest.
Only use hay or pieces of wood that are suitable for use in rabbit hutches. Never use old hay or hay that comes from a source you don't know or trust, and never use pine or cedar branches. What these branches give off can affect the rabbit's organs
Step 3. Place a sanitation box in the cage
If it is a small box, it will do your needs in the same place instead of going elsewhere, making cleaning easier. You can find appropriately sized boxes for rabbits at pet stores. Line it with newspaper and then put hay or paper balls on top.
Step 4. Assess the spaces where your rabbit will play
Many mini lop owners like to take them for walks. Limit the area to one that has been thoroughly checked so he doesn't get hurt. Remove electrical cords and wires, fragile items or heavy items that might fall off, or even ones that you don't want the animal bitten.
Step 5. Have plenty of hay
Rabbits need it both for breeding and for eating, so you need to have large amounts of fresh hay in the cage daily. Timothy hay and bromine are a good choice for animal feed. No need to put it on dishes; just spread it around the cage.
Step 6. Place a dish of kibble and vegetables
Rabbit food contains essential nutrients such as protein and fiber. When your mini lop is still a puppy, give an unlimited number. Adults can eat 1/8 cup of feed for every 2.5 pounds of weight. Throughout the rabbit's life, feed it fresh vegetables to improve its diet. Two cups a day of spinach, kale, and green tournias are a good choice, but you can also feed him carrots occasionally.
- You can also offer small amounts of fruit such as chopped apples, bananas and strawberries.
- Do not feed the following vegetables, as these can harm the animal's digestion: corn, tomatoes, cabbage, some types of lettuce, potatoes, peas, onions, beets and rhubarb.
- Never give seeds, grains, meat, chocolate, dairy products and any food that is common to people.
Step 7. Give him chewing snacks
Rabbits' teeth grow continuously throughout their lives. It's important to give them foods they can use to trim their teeth and avoid discomfort. You can buy such snacks in petshops and give one a week.
Step 8. Place a bowl of water in the cage
Rabbits need large amounts of fresh water. Buy one suitable for the cage (similar to those used in hamster cages) or pour water into a small dish. Change the water every day and clean the container often.
Part 2 of 3: Handling and playing with mini lops
Step 1. Load it gently
When you do, the first rule to keep in mind is never to pick him up by the ears. They are fragile and sensitive and this can permanently damage them. Instead, place one hand under the back of your body and the other between your front legs. Bring it to your chest and hold it securely. When you want to put it in place, squat down and gently place it on the floor.
- Don't let it fall or jump out of your arms. The impact could hurt your paws.
- Do not lift it by the back of your neck. They don't have excess skin in the area like cats do.
Step 2. Stroke it gently
They are quite robust, but they don't like sudden movements. Caress the head, back and sides of the body. Do not shake it, push it or catch it by the paws, ears or tail. If he's scared, don't force him to play.
Step 3. Get him to exercise a lot
They generally love to jump up and down and need to do this a few hours a day to keep their health up to date. Take it out of the cage and play with it daily. If it's in an enclosed area, let it play alone, but don't let it out of your sight for too long.
- You can take him for a short walk using a harness and collar to guide him. Do not pull or drag it. They don't walk with you like dogs do.
- Never let him play outside the cage alone. Keep cats, dogs and other predators away.
Step 4. Offer toys
Don't let him get bored in the cage; he needs interesting items to explore and chew on. Put some cardboard boxes and old calendars out for him to bite into. You can also play with soft cat toys or balls.
Step 5. Think about getting another bunny
They love to play together and your pet will be happier with a friend. The rabbit also needs to be a mini lop and not another breed. Neuter both rabbits so you don't end up with a litter!
Part 3 of 3: Keeping your mini lop healthy
Step 1. Keep the cage clean
It must be sanitized every week. Ask a friend to take care of your bunny while you do some general cleaning of the cage. Discard the hay and newspaper, wash it in hot soapy water, dry it, and cover it with clean newspaper and hay.
- Clean the feed and water bowl every three days.
- Change the litter box daily.
Step 2. Comb it
Bunnies do not like to take a shower, as they take care of their own bodies. However, they do well with a light brushing. Use a soft-bristled brush to groom his fur from time to time. Mini lops peel off when they grow, and when you see this, you can help remove the fur using a wire brush.
- If it gets dirty, you can wash it using rabbit shampoo. Never use human shampoo.
- If you notice that the claws are getting long, maybe it's time to trim them.
Step 3. Take him to the vet for regular check-ups
It may be difficult to find one who will consult you, as some only treat dogs and cats. See an "exotic animal" veterinarian if the one you know does not examine your rabbit. Take him for an annual checkup and whenever you notice symptoms of illness, which may include:
- Runny nose or eyes;
- Refuse to feed;
- red urine;
- High temperatures;
- Head constantly lowered;
- Lumps or abscesses under the fur.
- Play with him a lot.
- Read to him. It's important that he knows your voice.