How to Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering: 12 Steps

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How to Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering: 12 Steps
How to Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering: 12 Steps

Neutering your rabbit is very beneficial for both him and you. Even though it's a minimally invasive surgery, the best thing to do is make sure he fully recovers afterward. Prepare yourself in advance to facilitate post-operative care. Once you bring the rabbit home, give it a comfortable and safe environment. It usually takes 10 days for a rabbit to recover from surgery, and in the meantime, you need to give proper medical care.


Part 1 of 3: Creating a Plan for Postoperative Care

Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering or Spaying Step 1

Step 1. Talk to the veterinarian

When taking the rabbit for surgery, ask all your questions about the treatment the rabbit will need. He will give you instructions for taking care of your pet. When in doubt, follow what the veterinarian recommended. Ask questions like:

  • "What kind of pain medicine will he have to take?"
  • "What time should I come pick you up?"
  • "How long will it take him to recover?"
  • "What should I give him to eat after surgery?"
Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering or Spaying Step 2

Step 2. Clean the rabbit cage

Clean your pet's cage very well before bringing it home. Clean environments prevent infections. Remove hay, dust or wood shavings and change to newspaper or a towel. This helps keep the wound clean during recovery. Once your rabbit has recovered (or taken out the stitches), you can put wood shavings back into the cage.

  • Disinfect the cage with a mixture of one part vinegar and four parts water. Wipe the walls and floor of the cage with a clean cloth.
  • Sterilize water bowls and toys with hot water. You can boil the water and take it off the heat for a minute. Pour it over bowls and toys.
Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering or Spaying Step 3

Step 3. Take the hutch indoors

Even if your rabbit is used to being out and about, he will need shelter while he recovers. This will allow you to keep an eye on it and ensure a safe and clean environment during recovery. Try to find a quiet, warm corner indoors to leave the cage. You can put it in the kitchen, garage or bedroom as long as the room is warm.

Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering or Spaying Step 4

Step 4. Prepare your rabbit physically

Even though most animals need to fast before surgery, rabbits are a case in point. It is necessary to feed them before surgery because rabbits cannot vomit and their rapid metabolism makes them need something in their stomach almost every time.

If your veterinarian or nurse advises you not to feed the rabbit, it is best to look elsewhere for the surgery. Even though, generally, pets should not be fed before surgery, rabbits are an exception and this is a sign that the veterinarian has no experience with rabbits

Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering or Spaying Step 5

Step 5. Take food and snacks to the veterinary hospital

If your rabbit has favorite treats, take them to the hospital. Ask the vet to give the rabbit treats after surgery. It's important that your rabbit starts to eat when the anesthesia wears off, and bringing his favorite food encourages him to eat.

Part 2 of 3: Washing Your Rabbit Home

Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering or Spaying Step 6

Step 1. Provide a heat source

Take a bottle of warm water and wrap it in some cloths. Place it in the carrier box when you take the rabbit home. Once you get home, reheat the bottle and place it inside the cage. Your pet can snuggle into it for warmth. Do not use any electric heating appliances as they can cause burns or electric shock. You can also put a light blanket in the cage.

Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering or Spaying Step 7

Step 2. Isolate the recovering rabbit

Rabbits can become aggressive in the presence of other animals of the same species. Even though neutering can calm them down, other rabbits can injure the operated one during the recovery period. This is even more true when a male and a female rabbit share a cage.

  • For a month after surgery, a male rabbit can still impregnate female rabbits. During this time, his testicles will darken and wither until they disappear. This is normal. Once the testicles are gone, it's safe to put the rabbits together.
  • Neutered rabbits can be hurt by male rabbits (even by neutered ones). Keep the rabbits separate from the males until you remove the stitches from them.
Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering or Spaying Step 8

Step 3. Make him eat

Male rabbits can start eating right away, while female rabbits can lose their appetite. It is very important that your rabbit eats again a day after surgery at the latest. Try to give him snacks and the foods he likes the most.

  • If he still doesn't want to eat, put one part feed and two parts water in the blender and use a feeding syringe to feed the whipped food to him. Just feed the equivalent of a pea out of the side of his mouth.
  • If he doesn't eat anything 12 hours after surgery, call the vet.
Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering or Spaying Step 9

Step 4. Keep the rabbit calm

As long as he has the stitches, don't let him run around too much. This increases the chance of opening his wound. Keep cats and dogs away from the rabbit's cage during this time. Do not take the rabbit out of the cage or let it roam around the house. It's best not to mess with it too much a few days after surgery, but you can pet it and give it treats.

Rabbits will hide in the corner of the cage for the first 24 hours after surgery. This is normal. Leave it alone and do not touch it during this period. If she continues this behavior for more than a day, call the vet

Part 3 of 3: Helping Recovery

Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering or Spaying Step 10

Step 1. Wrap a band around the rabbit's belly

Your pet may pull the stitches or rub them on something because it is itchy or irritated. Fold a small cloth and place over the stitches. Use an elastic band or gauze to secure the cloth to the rabbit's body. As long as he can breathe normally, that's fine.

If you don't have an elastic band, you can cut a leg from a pantyhose

Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering or Spaying Step 11

Step 2. Give the medicine to your pet

The veterinarian will prescribe a pain medication. Follow his instructions and give the right dose at the right times. This is especially important in the case of castration of rabbits, as the surgery tends to hurt more. Maybe you have to give a pill or maybe it's an injection. If you are not comfortable giving injections, ask your vet to prescribe pills.

  • The rabbit may hesitate to swallow the pills. Try to hide them in food. You can also dissolve the length in some water and use a feeding syringe to feed it to the rabbit from the side of the mouth.
  • Injections of pain medications need to be given to rabbits subcutaneously, ie the injection must only penetrate the rabbit's skin. If you have to give injections, ask the vet to show you how to administer them correctly.
  • Ask the vet what was the last time he gave your pet pain medicine. It is common for professionals to give a dose just before releasing the animals to go home.
Care for Your Rabbit After Neutering or Spaying Step 12

Step 3. Make a return appointment

Return to the vet to have the stitches removed after the indicated period. This usually happens 10 days after surgery. He will examine the rabbit to see if it has recovered as expected. If you notice any of these symptoms below, tell your veterinarian:

  • Incisions with blood or pus.
  • Open wounds or open stitches.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Lack of power or isolation in corner of cage without wanting to leave.
  • Teeth grinding.
  • Loss of body heat.
  • Drainage or swelling near the testicles (males).


  • Give your rabbit several treats after surgery.
  • Follow the veterinarian's instructions to the letter.


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