To some people it may just seem like an inconvenience, but heavily matted fur can become a serious problem for dogs. If not brushed or removed, the knots can reach the skin, causing sores. Wounds can be hidden between the hairs and spread all over the body. Brushing and caring for the dog frequently is the best way to keep the fur from getting too tangled up.
Part 1 of 2: Brushing Your Puppy Regularly
Step 1. Know how often to brush your dog's fur
By default, it is best to brush it at least once a week. If the puppy has long fur, it would be better to brush every day. It's also a good idea to brush after each ride. Remove any leaves, grass, or sticks that are caught in the fur. If removed soon, these materials will not curl the animal's fur.
Many puppies already clean themselves, but tend to do so less as they get older. An older dog will likely need more attention during brushing than when he was a puppy
Step 2. Thoroughly brush the dog's fur
It is necessary to pass the brush through the entire length of the hair. Work carefully and brush one part at a time. It's a good idea to check the most problematic areas first, such as behind the ears, under the armpits, the groin and the belly. Brush these areas first and, after there are no more knots, divide the rest into sections and go on brushing without haste.
- Create a routine that is easy to remember. That way, it will be harder to forget to brush some part.
- Finish the easy parts first, then go back to where you had the most knots. You may have to pull the fur to undo the knots, and the dog may be trying to get away, so leave the messy parts last and give him a nice reward when you're done.
Step 3. Remove smaller nodes
If the knot is very small, it will probably come undone easily. Brush close to the animal's skin. Do not pull hairs away from the skin. You can also use your fingers to undo the knots.
If that doesn't work, insert the comb tooth in a certain knot and pull it gently, away from the skin. Hold the tuft of the dog's fur with your fingers to make it feel less
Step 4. Cut off the most tangled parts
Maybe you need to cut some more tangled part, being careful not to cut the little animal's skin, if you can't get rid of it. Thread the comb through the fur, between the dog's fur and the base of the knot, and cut above the comb. The comb technique prevents the animal's skin from being lifted when pulling the knot, and accidentally hurting it.
- Never squeeze or pull hard, and watch the dog for signs of discomfort, such as trying to run away, trying to bite or moan.
- If you can't get the comb between the dog's skin and the knot, take it to the vet or groomer to shave off the problematic part.
Step 5. Cut or trim the dog's fur
Depending on the type of dog, choose between shaving all the fur, making it a lower cut, or trimming the parts that tend to tangle or mess too much. Give the pet a bath and, when it is almost dry, use a clipper to cut the fur, cutting in the direction of growth. The sooner you start doing this, the easier the dog will get used to.
- Don't let the blades get too hot if the process is taking too long, and choose a silent machine. That way, the pet will not be afraid.
- It might be a good idea to have someone hold the dog while you handle the clipper.
Part 2 of 2: Taking Care of Dog's Fur
Step 1. Bathe the animal frequently
If you can't comb or brush his fur, bathe the dog as often as your veterinarian or groomer recommends. But if the fur is already matted or matted, avoid bathing, as this will only make the situation worse. Also know that shampoo or conditioner alone will not remove knots.
Ask your groomer or veterinarian to recommend a good shampoo and conditioner to use
Step 2. Offer a healthy diet
The dog's fur and fur are a reflection of the animal's overall health. Offer a nutritious diet that promotes improved health. Read the labels on the feed packages to make sure they follow the dietary recommendations established by the Brazilian Association of Pet Products Industry (Abinpet).
Dog foods that follow Abinpet's recommendations contain the correct amount and balance of major food groups. They also contain vitamins and minerals that are necessary for skin and hair health
Step 3. Give the puppy a fish oil supplement
Offer a daily dose of fish oil that specifically contains Omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids are also found in flaxseed or olive oil, and can replace fish oil. Lack of fatty acids is a major contributor to skin problems in dogs, such as seborrhea (eczema) and flaky, flaky skin. Dead skin cells can accumulate and create scab lesions that, if left untreated, can make brushing difficult. Consult your veterinarian for the best dosage for your dog.
Omega-3 fatty acids can also treat dogs with allergies or other autoimmune diseases
Step 4. Choose the right utensils to use on the dog
Ask your veterinarian or groomer for a recommendation. If you are unsure about the dog's breed, you will need to research and find out about the best options. Using the right tools will prevent any damage to the puppy's skin. The following types of brushes are recommended for specific breeds:
- Waterproof Brushes: These are flat brushes with a rubber pad that contains several metal pins. To use, keep the brush close to the skin and brush gently, running the metal pins through the hair. This technique removes knots that could grow and result in matted hair. Waterproof brushes are recommended for breeds: Cocker Spaniel, Yorkshire Terrier, Saint Bernard, Golden Retriever and other breeds with long hair but not thick or wavy.
- Bristle brushes: Bristle brushes are a traditional type and are great for dogs with short but drooping fur, such as Jack Russell, Greyhound, Staffbull or Boston Terrier. Brush in the direction of hair growth to remove loose hairs, prevent them from forming tangles, and spread the animal's natural skin oils.
- Pin brushes: They look like the traditional hairbrush, they have flexible metal wires with a plastic ball on the end. They are great for long or wavy fur, such as the German Shepherd or Poodle breeds, as they remove all of the knots. Divide the fur into parts and brush without haste.
- Combs: These are essential for any dog with fur that is considered to be more than short. As well as combing your own hair, you need to use a comb on the dog to avoid tangling.