The dachshund (pronounced Daks-hund) is a breed of dog with short legs and a longer back than normal. Originally from Germany, the breed was used in hunting (literally, "dachshund" can be translated as "badger dog"). To take good care of a dachshund, you need to be aware of its special needs, including a predisposition to develop intervertebral disc disease. In addition, the owner must ensure that he maintains an adequate weight, while taking care of the coat, appearance and teaching good habits. Read this article to learn more about how to treat a dachshund dog well.
Method 1 of 3: Protecting the Dachshund's Back
Step 1. Be aware that the breed is very susceptible to intervertebral disc disease (DDIV)
Like other small breeds, dachshunds are at increased risk of developing this condition. In it, the vertebra is compressed due to inflammation from the "cushioning" around the disc. IVDD can cause pain, difficulty in controlling the bladder, and even paralysis. To help reduce the risk of developing dachshund disease, it is necessary to take certain precautions, as well as being able to identify the symptoms of the disease, determining when there may be a problem. Contact a veterinarian immediately if you notice any of the following symptoms:
- change in activity level (avoid running and jumping)
- Difficulties in standing.
- I cry from the pain.
- Behavior change, anxiety and nervousness.
- Bent back and neck or stiff muscles.
- Eat little or avoid eating.
- lack of control over the bladder or bowels.
Step 2. Help the dog maintain a healthy weight
If you are overweight, the risk of the dachshund developing DDIV will be much higher, so it is important to feed him correctly and allow him to exercise. To determine if the dog's weight is adequate, stand on it and look down; if you can see the ribs, he's too thin and needs some mass. If the ribs aren't visible, but you can feel them through touch, their weight is at an appropriate level. But if you can't see or feel his ribs, he's overweight. Also, the dachshund's waist should be tapered, without that flabby belly.
- Talk to a veterinarian to determine how much weight your dog needs to gain or lose. In addition, he will also be on a diet for the dachshund to reach and maintain a healthy weight.
- Walk and play with the dog every day.
- Don't overdo the snacks.
- It's a good idea to give a weight maintenance ration in case the dachshund gets too fat.
Step 3. Learn how to hold a dachshund
There is a correct way to hold dogs of this breed, as this helps protect their fragile backs. To support him, support his back with one hand and place the other under his belly to support his back. It's a good idea to train with something light before trying to hold the dog.
Never hold the dog with just one hand and by the head or paws
Step 4. Help the dachshund up and down stairs
The climbing movement puts pressure on the animal's back and, over time, can cause it to develop DDIV. The ladder rungs are, in most cases, too high for dachshunds to climb and descend without straining and straining their backs. Avoid this problem by carrying it when it needs to access a place via a ladder.
- Put a playpen for babies to prevent the animal from going up and down on its own.
- A good idea is to install ramps on small stairs where the dog has to go up and down every day.
Step 5. Prevent the dachshund from jumping on furniture or other high places
This also increases the strain on the animal's back and can increase the risk of developing intervertebral disc disease. To eliminate this risk factor, do not allow the dachshund to jump and climb in high places, such as on sofas or beds. Pick him up in your lap to position him over somewhere and don't encourage him to jump.
If you like, put in small ramps or ladders so that he can climb onto beds or furniture when he's not around
Step 6. Use harness to walk a dachshund
By pulling the person who is walking, dachshunds end up putting even more pressure on the spine, contributing to the development of DDIV. Attaching the lead to a harness instead of a collar reduces the strain on the neck, eliminating another factor that can cause illness.
Method 2 of 3: Training the Dachshund
Step 1. Exercise and training sessions should be short
For best results, do daily workouts consisting of three sessions of five minutes each, as this helps keep the dachshund alert. Frequency reinforces the techniques he must learn.
Step 2. Reward good behavior
In order for the dachshund to obey commands, it is necessary to reward him whenever he does what he is told. When giving the command "sit", for example, and the dog obeys, pet and please him so that he understands that he did something right. Also, whenever the animal does something positive, give it a treat or scratch its back so it realizes that these types of behaviors are what you want it to have.
Step 3. Ignore bad behavior
Help the dachshund understand what he shouldn't do by ignoring any inappropriate behavior and avoiding rewarding him. For example, if the dog wants to walk and start running around the house because he is so excited, ignore him until he stops and you can put the harness and the lead. As soon as the "race" is stopped, put on the harness and take it for a ride. Do this whenever you walk your dachshund so that he can understand that behavior is not something you like. This way, the pet will learn that running around the house won't make it "convince" the owner to walk, but when it stays still and quiet.
Step 4. Enlist the services of a professional and licensed trainer
If the dachshund insists on not complying, an alternative is to hire someone to help with the training. Authorized handlers can be of great help, especially if it is difficult to correct the dog's inappropriate behavior.
There is also a chance to place the dachshund in a place that performs group training, if you want the animal to socialize too
Method 3 of 3: How to Treat and Care for Dachshund Coat
Step 1. bathe on the dachshund.
Use a special dog shampoo. If his fur is short, do this every three months; if it is long, it may be necessary to bathe more often. Use a spray to spray water and wet all the dog's fur, but avoid places around the eyes, ears and nose. Afterwards, rub the product over the coat and rinse it, removing all the shampoo. Dry the dog with a towel.
After the baths, it is important to give the dachshund a snack and please so that he associates this moment with positive aspects
Step 2. Comb the dachshund
If the dog has a very short fur, once a week will be enough; otherwise, you need to use a brush or comb every day so your hair doesn't get curled and knotted. Use a wide comb to undo the knots before using a brush. Don't forget to pet and give him a treat right after brushing, so he can associate the process with good things.
Step 3. Trim the dog's nails
For this, it is necessary to have a special nail clipper for dogs, which are sold in pet stores. In addition, the dachshund needs to get used to the owner's handling of the paws before he can effectively cut them off. If the dog is frightened, pat his paws before making the cut, rewarding him later. When he appears more comfortable and calm while handling his nails, cut them.
- Be careful not to over-trim the nail or the vein inside it may be cut. This area is very sensitive and causes bleeding when cut.
- Ask the vet to show you the proper way to trim them or take the dachshund to a pet store.
Step 4. Note if there is any problem
When giving a bath and leaving the dachshund's body beautiful and fragrant, check for any other health problems, such as fleas, ticks and others. Carefully analyze the dog's skin and see if there are any sores, bumps or sensitive places, in addition to the ears, which should not have unpleasant odors and excess wax. If you find anything considered abnormal, contact a veterinarian immediately.
Don't forget to make regular appointments with the veterinarian (at least twice a year) so that he can check if the dog is up to date with vaccinations and perform the necessary tests
- It's a good idea to make a health plan for your pet. Dachshund dogs are generally bold and messy, characteristics that contribute to them getting into trouble or even getting hurt, leaving only two options to the owner: surgery or sacrificing the dog.
- Dachshunds' nails are dark, requiring extra care when trimming them. Be careful not to damage the sensitive veins inside them.
- Dogs unaccustomed to people and other animals may bark, growl and even bite. Socialize the dachshund with other dogs and people early on.
- Do not let your pet get overweight as this causes serious back problems and overall health.