If you are passionate about dogs, know that you already have the first requirement to be a breeder. Now, just choose which type of dog you want to breed and learn as much as possible about the breed. You will need a suitable place or facility (like a kennel or something), feed, water, cots, toys, and grooming tools. Know now that it will cost a lot of money to start this business. Fortunately, the creator's work is full of joy.
Method 1 of 4: Getting Started
Step 1. Decide which breed you want to specialize in
Renowned breeders don't care for many different animals; they specialize in one or at most two races. Consider one you like a lot. If you're undecided, take it easy and take some time to think about which would be best.
- Consider the personality and temperament, as well as the space needed to breed each breed.
- Also think about each individual's needs, such as veterinary care, food, and exercise.
Step 2. Study the breed very well
It is important to know as much as possible about the dogs you will be raising. Search the medical history and see: what are the strengths and weaknesses of dogs; whether they are susceptible to a particular illness; what their personality is like; and what are the best breeding practices for this case.
Step 3. Create a business plan
Find out what your city's dog breeding rules and regulations are. Research the market and see how much it will cost to buy a male and a female and start the business. Also, keep in mind other expenses such as kennels, rations, cots, toys, hygiene and veterinary care.
Step 4. Be prepared to spend a lot of time on the business
You will need to spend time feeding, exercising and playing with the dogs, apart from taking them to the vet, cleaning the kennel and yard (which are time-consuming tasks).
Step 5. Know that you won't make a lot of money
Even if you do everything right, you won't make much profit as there are a lot of expenses involved: veterinary bills, rations, toys, beds and other basic necessities. To make it even more difficult, you'll need to have some money saved to buy the first couple and the items needed to start the business.
Step 6. Choose a trusted veterinarian
Ideally, his office should be close (after all, gas is not cheap), but the top priority is the quality of the professional. Research and meet several veterinarians in the region before choosing the one who will take care of your litters and their parents. Don't be shy: ask about the professional's education, background, and experience with that breed.
Also ask about possible health insurance for the animals
Method 2 of 4: Building the Business
Step 1. Acquire the necessary permissions and licenses
Depending on where you live, this can vary. Commonly, you only need a permit from the city's Zoonoses Center. Just in case, contact the city and ask about what you will need to do to start this type of business. Follow the rules that are passed and save the paperwork so you have proof that everything is legal.
Step 2. Choose pedigree dogs
It is incredibly important to choose healthy and pure animals for the endeavor to be successful. Research the breeder or organization from whom you plan to buy the first couple. Ask for proof that the animals are healthy, including copies of veterinary paperwork and pedigree.
Prefer dogs registered with the Brazilian Confederation of Cinofilia
Step 3. Provide the animals with housing
If you start with just one litter, you can keep the dogs in your house: install baby crates to separate them over a large area, or leave a room to themselves. On the other hand, if you start with more dogs, you'll have to build kennels somewhere on the land.
The animals need to be protected from the weather, in a comfortable, safe and cozy temperature environment, so that they can sleep and take care of the puppies
Step 4. Leave space to exercise
Dogs, especially small ones, have a lot of energy, and they need an open space to exercise, play, explore, and roam. Of course there needs to be a fence to keep the naughty ones from escaping, and the ground should be grass or dirt (not concrete).
If you live in a big city without a lot of space on the ground, you may need to rent a new place for business
Step 5. Keep the area safe and clean
To conserve space for the dogs, you'll need to clean up droppings frequently and change old upholstery and toys. Inspect the terrain for potential hazards such as holes in the fence, plants or toxic substances, and sharp objects; Also make sure the kennels or cages are in good condition and pose no danger to puppies (such as bars further apart where a head or paw can get caught).
See for proper lighting and ventilation as well
Step 6. Acquire the necessary materials
Breeders need lots of materials to keep the animals happy and healthy, including high-quality feed (for both puppies and adults), a water fountain and a large number of bowls, not to mention cots, toys and tools. hygiene care (such as a grooming machine and shampoo for dogs).
Don't forget about hygienic mats, feces collectors or “papa cacas”, enzymatic disinfectants and paper towels
Step 7. Keep your paperwork up to date
You must have a record of all expenses and profits associated with the business. So don't throw away receipts for purchases such as kibble, bowls, toys, beds, cages and kennels, as well as for veterinary visits; also keep your dog sales invoices and receipts.
Method 3 of 4: Being a Responsible Breeder
Step 1. Familiarize yourself with good breeding practices
Females must not breed every year, and must not start breeding at less than two years of age (regardless of breed); after two years it can, but she needs to rest between litters to recover from the trauma of giving birth and being separated from her puppies.
To make a more stable profit from selling puppies, you will need more females
Step 2. crossover using best practices.
After choosing the pair of pedigree dogs and asking the veterinarian to examine them, breeding can occur. When the female comes into heat and ovulates, place her and the male in a private, calm environment and stay close by, supervising, just to make sure nothing goes wrong.
Step 3. Choose responsible buyers before the puppies are born
Renowned breeders rarely need to advertise newborn puppies; they usually find responsible owners before the dog gives birth. When she gets pregnant, go looking for buyers: contact local veterinarians and trainers, participate in exhibits, and post in forums and online groups.
- You must know and approve of future owners before delivering the animals.
- Puppies should not be separated from the mother before two months of age.
Step 4. Be honest about dogs and the problems they have
If one of the dogs has developed a medical problem, be honest with potential buyers as they need to know what challenges they will face in adopting that puppy.
Not talking about such problems will create a bad reputation for you and your pets. Always be honest and frank
Step 5. Provide proper veterinary care for all puppies
It is essential that all your animals receive regular veterinary care from a trained veterinarian, which includes vaccinations and booster doses, check-ups and emergency care; the puppies also need to undergo DNA testing and be dewormed.
It is also important to ensure that buyers intend to neuter them
Method 4 of 4: Creating Contacts
Step 1. Join Breed Clubs
There are specific clubs for each type of dog, and joining the respective club will help you meet other people in the field as well as potential customers. Do an internet search or ask your veterinarian about breed clubs or kennel clubs in the area.
Consider joining the CBKC (Confederação Brasileira de Cinofilia), a responsible dog-breeding organization that has lots of information and resources for members
Step 2. Go to nearby exhibitions
Always keep an eye out for dog shows and other events you can attend. By doing so, you will be able to meet other breeders and some customers. Again, the internet is your best friend for getting this information, followed by a veterinarian friend.
Step 3. Meet other breeders
Do research on dog breeders in your city and contact them in order to meet them or visit the kennels. You can talk about business challenges and share valuable information (such as recommendations from good veterinarians and breeding tips).
If you breed different breeds, one can recommend clients to the other. After all, they are not competitors in this case
Step 4. Create a website.
Setting up a website is a great way to promote and sell puppies. There are many options on how to create one, and you can even do it yourself (or, in any case, ask a computer-savvy friend for help). Remember to mention the city where you live, what breed of dogs you breed, photos of the kennels and animals, and other pertinent information.
Step 5. Use social media
It's a good idea to create pages specific to your business on social media such as Facebook and Twitter. So you can advertise by posting information and pictures of the dogs. Another tip is to add other breeders and join groups to stay informed about the field.