If you have a dog and want to create a space for him to play and exercise safely, build a pen. This is an excellent project for the family to carry out because in addition to having fun during the assembly, your dog will be very happy with everyone's efforts. If you have a garden and a pet, this is a great addition to your property.
Part 1 of 4: Planning the enclosure
Step 1. Find an area on your property to build the fence
Most people prefer to make the fence at the back of the lot because in this space the dog will hardly be bothered by the traffic of cars on the street. Build the enclosure in a location that you can view and monitor from indoors.
- The area should be shaded to keep the animal cool during the summer.
- Do not leave poisonous plants near the chosen location.
- Place the pen near an outdoor faucet so you can get water for your pet.
Step 2. Consider the size of the dog
The enclosure does not need to be very large, but the extent of the area will depend on the size of the animal. The dog pen must be at least 1.5 x 2.5 m. With this dimension, some dogs are already able to move a little and do some exercises. However, if the space is greater, the dog will be able to run from one side to the other with ease.
- The area can be long or square. Choose the right shape for your yard.
- If you have a doghouse and want to put it inside the enclosure, calculate its size so you can fit it into the space.
Step 3. Clean the area
Place stakes in the ground and draw a line around the space intended for the fence. Use a power tiller or a rake to remove the grass and loosen the soil from the ground. Dig the area to a depth of up to 15 centimeters. In most cases, digging 7 to 10 centimeters is more than enough. However, if you plan on pouring concrete, dig 15 centimeters. Leave the grass halfway across the site and dig the other half. Teach your dog to use this grassless area.
Before digging, check if there is any wiring in the place. If you do not know the location of the wires, call the company responsible for the installation and ask them to indicate where the wiring is
Step 4. Dig holes for the fence posts
Use an articulated digger to drill a hole 12 to 60 centimeters deep. This hole should be wider than the post you are going to use for the fence. Start at the corners and spread the posts an even distance along the sides. Leave a few inches of space between the hole that was dug for the floor and the holes in the fence post.
Part 2 of 4: Laying the Floor
Step 1. Choose the material for the floor
Build the floor to make a quality enclosure. To save money, use organic mulch or gravel. However, if your dog likes to dig, try other options. Concrete is used a lot, but if you are going to use this material, you need to create a solution for drainage. Floor systems are interlocking panels or grids raised from the floor. These surfaces are great for the dog to walk. But just like concrete, they also need a good drainage system. In addition to these options, it is also possible to cover the ground with synthetic grass.
Step 2. Fill in the excavated area if you are going to cover the soil or use gravel
Use a rake or shovel to evenly spread the material. Keep adding the product until it is 5 centimeters above the ground. Use planks or plastic garden restraints so the material does not spread to other areas.
Despite being one of the cheapest fence flooring solutions, at some point it will be necessary to remove and replace the material. Even if you clean the space frequently, replacing the floor is the only way to avoid odors and bacteria
Step 3. Pour the concrete base
To build the concrete base, wet the excavated area with water. This will prevent the concrete from drying too quickly while placing it in the chosen location. Make a “mold” around the desired shape of a concrete block using 5 x 15 cm planks. Mix concrete in a large wheelbarrow according to product instructions. Prepare a 7-inch base of medium gravel and pour this concrete into the mold. Use a board to even out the surface. Wait at least 48 hours for the concrete to dry completely.
- At low temperatures, add fiberglass mesh to prevent concrete from cracking.
- Finish so the surface is smooth. Very rough surfaces can irritate the dog's paws.
- Allow the concrete to dry completely, but avoid doing this inside the entrance.
- Hire a professional if you feel you cannot dump the concrete correctly.
Part 3 of 4: Putting up the fences
Step 1. Choose the fence material
Wire fence is generally used for the fence. However, it doesn't look good visually and this can detract from the value of your property. Use wooden posts and cattle fence to make a suitable space for your dog.
You can order and paint wire fences in several different colors. Choose a black or green one if you want a more discreet enclosure in the garden
Step 2. Determine the height of the fence
The fence should measure between 90 and 240 centimeters. But, this will vary depending on the breed, size and temperament of the dog. If the dog likes to dig, his fence should be placed below ground.
Step 3. Place support posts in the holes and pour concrete around them
Have a helper hold the pole so that it is centered. Use a level to check if the object is straight. If you need to make adjustments, modify what you want before the product dries. Allow the concrete to dry for a day or two before continuing work.
If you can't find someone to help you hold the pole, use cables or ropes to tie the pole to two stakes in the ground. This will make him steady
Step 4. Attach the fence to the posts
Consult the manual if the manufacturer has detailed how to place the fence.
- To attach wire fences start at a corner and secure the top and bottom of the fence to the post. Use pliers to bend and tie the metal fence, secure it to the post, and add a link to the fence. Extend the enclosure to the next post. It is important to secure the fence correctly so that it does not bend or become loose in the middle. Tie the fence and continue until you finish the fence.
- To put up the cattle fence start by making a rectangular wooden frame on each side of the fence. Place the fence between the wooden frames and nail them together. Secure the entire piece to a support post at each end.
Step 5. Fit the entrance or gate
Buy an ordinary gate for wire fences or a smaller gate that is big enough for the dog to get in and out of.
Pay attention to the locking system. Make sure the dog can't open the gate
Part 4 of 4: Attaching accessories
Step 1. Use a canvas for shade
You will spend a lot of time and money if you build a roof on the dog pen. Instead, use a tarp to create some shadow on the spot. When you want to brighten up the space, remove the canvas. Choose one or two tarpaulins that are large enough to cover the enclosure. Secure them to the top of the fences using cable tie straps.
Step 2. Use an automatic water container
Buy water canisters to attach to the hose. They will automatically fill when the water level goes down. It's important to give your pets plenty of water throughout the day so they never get thirsty. During the winter months you can also buy hot bowls so your pet doesn't drink frozen water.
Step 3. Put in an extra security system so the dog is not exposed to predators
In countries where there are cougars and bears, the fence must have a very secure top. In areas where there are poisonous snakes, a 1.5 cm wire mesh is a good option to protect your pet.