When a female dog gives birth to puppies, it is common for some of them to be born dead or die shortly after birth. To deal with this, you need to let the mother have some time with the dead animal before taking it out for veterinarian examination. Afterwards, it is necessary to dispose of the animal properly and within the law. As the event can be traumatic, you will also need to deal with the loss and help family members – especially children – come to terms with the sad situation. Finally, it is necessary to neuter the dog and visit a veterinarian to prevent future complications of the same nature.
Method 1 of 4: Dealing With Stillborn Puppies
Step 1. Allow the mother to spend time with them
Even if this seems a little morbid, it is necessary to leave the dead animals with the mother and the puppies alive for a while, so that she does not get agitated, as she knows how many puppies she has given birth and taking them away from her will make her keep looking. for them tirelessly. So leave them around for a while. Soon she will realize they are dead and will allow you to remove them without being bothered.
- She'll realize they're dead as soon as they get cold.
- If after a few days she is still worrying about dead puppies, remove them soon, even if she thinks it's bad. Parasites from dead animals can infect the mother and other offspring.
- If the mother or siblings appear to be ill, remove the corpses immediately. If you don't, the parasites can take advantage of the immune weakness of live animals.
Step 2. Remove dead animals
Once the mother has realized that they are lifeless, remove them from the area. To prevent unnecessary agitation, it's best to do this when she's not looking. Use a rubber glove or paper towel to pick up carcasses. Thus, you are not at risk of becoming infected with parasites from the decaying animal.
Step 3. Contact the veterinarian
Once you remove the corpses, place them in a plastic freezer bag and freeze them. Then call the veterinarian and schedule a test on the dead animals. It is important to find out if the living siblings are at risk and if the mother has any health problems that prevent her from giving birth again.
If you have the placenta, include it with the dead animals
Method 2 of 4: Disposing of Dead Puppies
Step 1. Let the vet do this
Send the carcass to the veterinarian for tests. Then he can dispose of them. Depending on the veterinarian and his facilities, he will cremate or bury them. You can order the remains if you want to dispose of them yourself.
It is common that, after the autopsy, they do this procedure for free
Step 2. Contact Zoonoses Surveillance
If you don't see a veterinarian and aren't sure how to dispose of dead animals, call your local zoonoses center or take the animals there. They will know what to do.
Step 3. Bury the pets
In Brazil, you can bury the animal in your backyard or land in most cases. According to animal body removal laws, you are allowed to bury dogs and other pets on your property. However, there are some limitations: it is not allowed to bury animals that have died because of a mandatory reporting disease; the land cannot be located in a protected water area and must be at a certain distance from paths and public squares; the pit with the animal's body must be covered with a layer of earth at least 50 cm high. Never bury an animal in land that does not belong to it. Since we sometimes have animals as part of the family, you can gather yours, especially the children, and have a small ceremony to help them deal with the loss.
- If you have questions about laws and regulations, please contact your local city hall.
- There is also the option of burying the puppies in an animal cemetery.
- If you feel attached to them, find a crematorium and store the ashes in an urn.
Method 3 of 4: Dealing With Loss
Step 1. Deal with the situation
The death of pets can lead to a delicate emotional situation. You may feel sad, angry, or even deny that you have died. Becoming aware of these emotions and expressing them is healthy and will help you overcome them. Don't hold back in front of them.
If necessary, join a support group to overcome this phase. It's also a good idea to write down what you're feeling in a journal or visit a mental health professional
Step 2. Explain what happened
If you have children at home, talk to them about the death of puppies, explaining that it is normal and part of nature. They must understand that many animals die at a young age. Because of the excitement that precedes the birth of new pets in the home, children will be very sad and disappointed.
- To keep them from feeling betrayed, tell them what happened right away.
- After the autopsy results, tell the children what caused the puppies to die. Say something like "I know it's very sad, but it's part of life."
- Give them bad news something like this: "I have bad news about the puppies" or "I need to tell you something about the puppies."
Step 3. Comfort your family members
Listen to the children's questions and respond appropriately without traumatizing them. They need to understand that it's normal to be sad and disappointed in situations like this. Then stay tuned and see how they handle the loss. Talk to them if they have difficulty sleeping, studying, or are constantly sad.
For children, it can be traumatic to see a dead animal for the first time, especially if it's the offspring of the house dog. Offer them comfort by saying things like “At least they didn't feel pain” or “No one is to blame for this. It happens"
Step 4. Remember the animal
Your family needs time to mourn and remember the animals through a ceremony or tribute. You can have a funeral service in the backyard or plant a tree or flower to honor the puppies. Ask the children to help with the planning by asking them what they would like to do about it.
Method 4 of 4: Preventing Puppies Deaths During Birth
Step 1. Neuter the bitch
The best way to prevent stillbirths is castration, especially if she has been through this situation before. Unless you are a professional breeder, the female dog should be neutered before her first heat, which is around 5 or 6 months of age.
Dogs that get pregnant young are more likely to have complications during pregnancy. They are less likely to know how to properly care for their puppies and are less able to meet their nutritional needs
Step 2. Pay a visit to the veterinarian
If you want your dog to give birth, take her to the vet first to make sure she is healthy enough for that. Many puppies suffer from genetic problems that make the process of reproduction and breeding difficult. When your dog becomes pregnant, schedule checkups to track the progress of the pregnancy. Doing this process with a veterinarian will not eliminate the chances of some puppies being stillborn, but it will reduce them.
Contact your veterinarian if any complications occur during labor
Step 3. Three weeks before birth, isolate the mother
Herpes is one of the main causes of stillborn puppies. If the mother becomes infected during pregnancy, she is likely to lose the entire litter. To prevent this from happening, isolate her from other animals for at least three weeks before she gives birth.
- After the puppies are born, leave the mother and cubs isolated for three weeks as well.
- Transmission takes place through direct contact. They can become infected through sexual intercourse with other dogs, or by sniffing or licking carriers of the virus.