The soft inner part of a dog's nail that contains nerves and blood vessels is called the cob. When you cut it, the dog will let out a whine and, because of the vessels, there will be bleeding. Don't panic if this happens. There are four main options for stopping bleeding in the area: using a hemostatic pencil, bar soap, potassium permanganate or, in emergencies, taking the dog to the vet. The instructions below show what to do in each case.
Method 1 of 4: Using a Hemostatic Pencil
Step 1. Gather the necessary materials
If you're going to use a hemostatic pencil, you'll need some water to moisten it.
- Hemostatic pencils are relatively easy to find and contain an astringent that stimulates the contraction of blood vessels, helping to stop bleeding.
- They are available at most pharmacies and perfumeries.
Step 2. Keep Calm
If you've already prepared in advance in case you accidentally cut the cob from your dog's nail, just use the materials you've already collected.
- The loss of blood from a cut on the top of the nail does not pose a danger to a healthy dog. But the appearance can be frightening, especially if the dog is making sudden, quick movements and smearing blood on the floor. Know that he is not in danger, but try to act quickly to minimize the animal's discomfort.
- Remember that staying calm is important to both you and your dog. Since the cob is soft and full of nerves, the cut will be painful and it will look to you to know how to react. The dog will panic if you look desperate with the sloppy cut.
Step 3. Stop bleeding
The cob is in the center of the nail and there will be blood flowing from this area.
- Remove the hemostatic pencil from its packaging.
- Expose and moisten your tip.
Step 4. Apply it
Firmly hold the bleeding paw so the dog doesn't move that part of the body while you do the procedure.
- Put it in direct contact with the affected area and press it down firmly.
- Keep the pencil firmly in place for at least 2 minutes. Then remove it.
Step 5. Repeat
If blood does not stop, repeat the above process, but hold it for 5 minutes instead of 2.
Bleeding should stop after that. If not, it's best to call your veterinarian and ask if you should take your dog for an appointment
Method 2 of 4: Using Bar Soap
Step 1. Prepare the necessary materials
In this case, a bar of soap is enough.
Ordinary bar soap, when pressed onto the paw, forms a plug that covers the cob, just as a cork caps a bottle. This soap “cap” comes off naturally after several hours and does not require further care
Step 2. Keep Calm
Ideally, prepare yourself in advance for this accident and then use the materials at hand calmly.
- The loss of blood from a cut of this type poses no danger if the dog is healthy, but the blood can be frightening, especially if the dog is suffering. Know that he is not in danger, but try to act quickly to minimize the animal's discomfort.
- Staying calm is important to both of you. The dog will feel pain if you catch his cob while trimming the nail and will mirror your reaction.
Step 3. Hold the nail at a 90 degree angle to the dry soap
Try to contain your dog's movements carefully during the procedure.
Push firmly so that the nail is pushed into the soap to a depth of about 3-4 millimeters
Step 4. Hold the animal's paw in this position for 3-4 minutes
In this way, light pressure makes the bleeding stop.
- Remove the paw from the soap after 3-4 minutes, making a gentle twisting motion.
- If your dog doesn't stay still at all, push the paw firmly against the soap and then remove it with a gentle twisting motion with your fist.
Step 5. Repeat
If a layer of soap does not form, repeat the above process, pressing the paw against the material until successful.
- You can tell if you managed to make a layer of soap over the affected nail when you see that the bleeding has stopped.
- If it doesn't stop, see your veterinarian.
Method 3 of 4: Using Potassium Permanganate
Step 1. Get the materials ready
You will need potassium permanganate crystals, cotton swabs, and some water to moisten them.
- Potassium permanganate is a powder made from bright purple crystals and is the preferred solution for veterinarians to stop bleeding from canine nails.
- This substance is highly effective, in addition to being a natural disinfectant.
- Crystals can be purchased online.
Step 2. Stay calm
If you've already prepared to stop the bleeding, just go ahead with the procedure, using the materials you've already calmly separated.
- Blood loss from this cut is not dangerous for a healthy dog. But the bleeding nail can be a little dramatic, especially if he makes sudden, quick movements, smearing blood across the floor. Know he's not in danger, but act quickly to minimize discomfort.
- Remember that staying calm is important to you and your pet. The cob is full of nerves, so the cut will be painful and it will look to you to see how you react. If you panic, so does the dog.
Step 3. Moisten the tip of a cotton swab
It is important that it is slightly moist so that the potassium permanganate crystals will stick to it.
There is no need to dip the swab into water; just moisten the tip with a few drops
Step 4. Dip the damp cotton swab into potassium permanganate
The crystals will stick to the wet cotton swab. You only need to run the tip of the cotton swab through the potassium permanganate once.
Step 5. Press it against the affected cob and hold it fixed in this position for 30 seconds
Carefully contain your dog in the application.
Bleeding should stop quickly
Step 6. Repeat
If it doesn't, repeat the above process again, this time holding the swab in place for 5 minutes.
If even after 5 minutes bleeding persists, contact your veterinarian
Method 4 of 4: Contacting the Vet
Step 1. Do this if bleeding continues
There are rare cases where none of the above methods work. But if this happens, it's best to consult a veterinarian.
If the veterinarian asks you to take your dog to the office, start calmly preparing him for transport
Step 2. Dress the paw
Try to take care of the dressing before taking it.
- Use gauze from a first-aid kit to make a temporary dressing to keep the injured nail from rubbing against other surfaces, making the pain worse and to keep the car cleaner.
- Alternatively, place a cotton swab or gauze over the affected nail and bandage it around the paw to hold everything in place. Squeeze a little so that it doesn't fall out, but not too much so as not to interrupt blood circulation. The dog itself will show discomfort and try to chew the dressing if it is too tight. In this case, loosen it.
- If you don't have access to a first-aid kit, wrap clean toilet paper or cotton around the area and secure in place with a tighter sock in the absence of gauze. If you can count on someone to help you with you, ask them to hold the cotton over their nail as you drive to the vet.
Step 3. Ask a veterinarian or professional caregiver to cut your dog's nails
If you have difficulty performing this task – whether for fear of hurting your friend or because he is scared to death just seeing the nail clipper, the best option is to look for an experienced professional.
- Is the dog visibly terrified when he realizes you are taking him to the vet or pet store? Ask for advice on the best strategies for trimming his nails at home.
- If you feel more comfortable cutting them yourself, avoid further stressing the animal with the anxiety he may associate with going to the vet or pet store.
- If you cut your dog's nails regularly, the chances of bleeding are reduced, because the longer they get, the bigger the vein in the ear and the greater the chances that it will be cut accidentally.
- Prefer to trim your dog's nails in the kitchen or bathroom. If you cut the cob and don't have paper available to clean the blood, the dirt will be easier to clean in these rooms of the house.