3 Ways to Treat Urinary Stones in Cats

Table of contents:

3 Ways to Treat Urinary Stones in Cats
3 Ways to Treat Urinary Stones in Cats

Uroliths, commonly known as urinary stones, are small mineral concentrations that accumulate in the urinary tract of humans and animals. Cats of all breeds and ages can be affected by uroliths, which come in various shapes and sizes. If left untreated, they can irritate the urinary tract, causing bleeding, blocked urine flow, irreversible kidney damage and death. Learning the signs and symptoms of urinary stones in cats is critical to detecting and treating them as soon as possible.


Method 1 of 3: Diagnosing Bladder Stones in Cats

Treat Bladder Stones in Cats Step 1

Step 1. Know which cat breeds are at risk

Certain breeds, such as Himalayan cats, have genetic predispositions to form mineral deposits in the bladder. However, other factors also contribute to the appearance of bladder stones in any race.

  • A diet high in acidity, calcium, magnesium, or phosphorus can encourage mineral buildup.
  • Reduced water consumption can lead to a concentration of minerals in the bladder.
  • A urinary tract infection can result in bladder stones.
  • Certain medications and supplements – such as Lasix, Cortisone, Ascorbic Acid, Tetracycline and Sulfa medications – can encourage stone formation after prolonged use (and if the cat is genetically predisposed).
Treat Bladder Stones in Cats Step 2

Step 2. Check the symptoms

It is important to be alert to signs of uroliths in the feline. The most common signs are:

  • Pain or discomfort when urinating (dysuria)
  • Presence of blood in urine (hematuria)
  • Frequent urination and small amounts
  • The cat licks the genital region in excess
  • Urinating in unusual places
Treat Bladder Stones in Cats Step 3

Step 3. See a veterinarian

He or she will be able to correctly diagnose bladder stones by determining the severity of the obstruction.

  • Report any abnormal cat behaviors or problems.
  • The veterinarian will likely take an x-ray and conduct other tests, such as palpating the cat's abdomen, checking urine, or an ultrasound test.
  • The calculi will be detected through the exam; they may be in the bladder or other parts of the urinary tract, such as the kidneys, ureter, or urethra.

Method 2 of 3: Treating Urinary Stones

Treat Bladder Stones in Cats Step 4

Step 1. Act quickly

If your cat does have uroliths in the urinary tract, it is important to get her to the doctor as soon as possible, as they can grow in up to two weeks and cause a lot of problems. Bladder stones can cause severe pain, vomiting and depression.

The kidney can suffer irreversible damage if the obstructed ureter is not quickly treated

Treat Bladder Stones in Cats Step 5

Step 2. Review the options

Depending on the severity and location of the pet's stones, the veterinarian may recommend something simple, such as a change in diet, or a more important surgical procedure.

  • The veterinarian may prescribe a special diet that will dissolve the cat's mineral deposits and alter the body's pH to prevent this from happening again.
  • He may also be able to wash the cat's bladder. A catheter is used to remove residual deposits and sediment.
  • Another option is cystostomy, a surgery that opens the bladder for the physical removal of mineral deposits.
  • Perineal urethrostomy is also an alternative; it dilates the urethra through surgery.
Treat Bladder Stones in Cats Step 6

Step 3. Prepare the cat for surgery

If your veterinarian recommends surgery as the best method to remove one or more stones, there are several steps that should be taken to prepare you for the procedure.

  • The pet must fast before receiving anesthesia. Whenever an animal is anesthetized, there is a risk of nausea and vomiting, which can be inhaled into the lungs. The best way to prevent this from happening is to cut food intake before surgery; the time varies according to the age and size of the animal, as well as the type of anesthesia that will be administered. Contact a veterinarian and determine how long the cat should fast before the procedure.
  • Keep the feline hydrated. Unless the veterinarian makes another recommendation, it is important to water the cat throughout the night and the morning of surgery.
  • If he takes daily medications, ask the veterinarian if they should be taken before the procedure.
Treat Bladder Stones in Cats Step 7

Step 4. Provide post-surgical care

After surgery, the veterinarian will make recommendations and pass all the necessary information to take care of the pet after the procedure. It will probably be necessary to give specific medications and make veterinary appointments more frequently.

The veterinarian can take the stones for laboratory analysis. Accurately discovering the mineral content of uroliths can make it easier to choose the best preventive methods, including administering prescription drugs to prevent future stone formation

Method 3 of 3: Guarding Against Future Urinary Stones

Treat Bladder Stones in Cats Step 8

Step 1. Modify the cat's diet

Although experts aren't sure why stones form, they've noticed an increase in one particular type of mineral, calcium oxalate, in recent years. There are several types of mineral stones; the type depends on which minerals form it. The veterinarian will send the stone for analysis and recommend a diet low in the minerals that constituted the urolith.

  • Choose the diet corresponding to the type of urolith that the cat had. Oxalate stones, for example, must be fought with the use of a low acid diet and with low or medium levels of calcium, magnesium and citrate. It will help to reduce the possibility of calculus accumulation and formation.
  • Give the cat canned kibble instead of dry. The extra water in canned cat food can help dilute urine and prevent mineral buildup.
Treat Bladder Stones in Cats Step 9

Step 2. Make sure there is always fresh water for the cat to drink

They generally prefer very fresh water, refusing what has been in the bowl for days.

Empty and fill the pet's water bowl every day. This way, you can better monitor how much water he is drinking

Treat Bladder Stones in Cats Step 10

Step 3. Go to the vet return appointments

The provider may recommend returning to perform urine cultures and urinalysis periodically, in the months following the removal of the urinary stone. It is important to go to the veterinarian regularly for a check-up on the animal, ensuring full recovery and the impossibility of a new incident of this type.


  • Always check your cat's litter box to ensure your cat is urinating normally.
  • Some cats are more prone to urinary calculi, such as the Burmese and Himalayan breed, for example. They have a genetic predisposition to develop calcium oxalate stones. Understand if the cat is in the risk group and take the necessary steps to prevent them.
  • Hard water has salts that are not broken down in the body and can accumulate in the bladder. If you suspect this may be the cat's problem, give it filtered water to drink.
  • Do not give the animal very salty food.


  • Always take the cat to the veterinarian immediately if you suspect a health problem is present.
  • When urine cannot be expelled due to a blockage, the animal's abdomen will become very painful. He may cry and flinch from the pain while urinating. Applying some pressure to the abdomen can result in violent reactions as the pain felt will be too great. Be careful and try not to pick him up, taking special care of the abdominal area.

Popular by topic