There are several short- and long-term causes for a cat's eyes to bulge out or pop out. If this happens to your pussy, see a veterinarian right away. The provider will examine the cat and look for traumatic injuries, foreign bodies and infections. Early analysis will allow quick diagnosis and treatment, increasing the chances of success. Protruding eyes caused by an infection can be treated with antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs and steroids in gout. In case of trauma or birth defects, surgery may be necessary. For long-term or chronic illnesses, ask your veterinarian for advice on how to treat them.
Method 1 of 3: Identifying the Cause of Protruding Eyes
Step 1. Look closely into the cat's eyes
Observe them closely and take the animal to the veterinarian. It's important to compare one eye to the other and notice whether the problem occurs in both or just one eye. When reporting the problem to the veterinarian, don't forget any details, even if you don't know exactly what's wrong. The provider will closely examine the cat and perform tests to find the cause. Among the possible causes for the cat to have bulging eyes are:
- Something like an abscess or tumor pushing the eyeball from behind, making it protrude.
- Swelling in the eyeball itself, like that caused by glaucoma.
- Swelling in the tissues around the eyeball, such as the eyelid.
Step 2. Find out if the cat was attacked or had an accident
Roadkill, fights, and other trauma causes are common causes of eye swelling in cats. If the cat did not show any symptoms of infection (discharge, gradual swelling, or blinks) and the eye suddenly bulged out, the bulge was likely caused by trauma.
- If the cat has a traumatic injury, take it to the vet urgently so that the risk of it losing its sight or having other complications is reduced.
- If the cat's eyeball is out of orbit and dangling, this is also an emergency and requires veterinary treatment. You can soak some gauze in saline solution and place it over the eye to keep it from drying out. Take the animal to the veterinarian immediately.
Step 3. Look for any foreign bodies
Examine the eyeball and look for any bruises that indicate penetration of broken glass, metal fragments, sand, or other small objects. Call your veterinarian and ask if you should try to wash the area with saline solution before taking the animal to the clinic.
Do not try to remove large objects that have penetrated the eye or eyeball
Step 4. Look for discharge, injuries or a sign over the site
Examine the eye and surrounding area for signs of infection. Look for clear or pus-filled discharges. Also see if the eye looks cloudy or has any pink or white plaque on the surface. If the cat has had any symptoms that have slowly gotten worse, it is likely that the swelling was caused by a virus or bacteria.
Step 5. Take the animal to the vet immediately
When doing the first analysis of the pussy's situation, call the vet and let him know that you are bringing a bulging-eyed cat to the office. Be prepared to give as much detail as possible. Between them:
- The cat's health history.
- If the cat has been hit and if there are any foreign bodies in the cat's eye.
- What he ate recently.
- If the problem came on suddenly or if any signs of infection could be noticed earlier.
- The vaccines that the pussy has already had. Don't forget to mention if he has been vaccinated against feline herpes (FHV).
Step 6. Submit the cat to a blood test and culture
The veterinarian will physically examine the cat and if there is no obvious cause of the injury, he will take samples of blood and horny tissue (the surface of the eye). He will do a complete blood count as well as virus and bacterial tests on the specimens. He may be tested for allergies, especially if the culture does not show signs of infection.
You can also order dental x-rays. Your veterinarian may take x-rays of the tooth roots to see if there are any abscesses pushing the eye out
Step 7. Consider submitting the feline to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
If the veterinarian rules out causes such as trauma, infections, and allergies, he or she may suggest an MRI. The bulge in the eye can be caused by a cancerous or benign tumor. If a tumor is detected or suspected, a sample will be taken for a biopsy, which will reveal whether it is malignant.
Method 2 of 3: Treating Injuries and Infections
Step 1. Traumatic injuries must be treated
If the eye has fallen out of place and the socket is bruised, the vet will need surgery to get the eye back in place. Another alternative, if there is no other way, is to remove it.
- The veterinarian will also stitch where the surgery is performed. They will be removed within one to three weeks, depending on the severity of the injury.
- The provider may recommend extracting one or more teeth in order to clean an infection that is bothering the cat's eye.
Step 2. Administer antibiotics, steroids or other medications
If the bump is caused by bacteria, treatment should be with antibiotics or steroid drops, or even a combination of both. Follow the veterinarian's instructions for dripping the medicine into the cat's eyes.
In case of trauma, the veterinarian will prescribe anti-inflammatory and antibiotics. The remedy can come in drops or pills. When giving medications, follow the guidelines
Method 3 of 3: Treating Congenital or Chronic Illnesses
Step 1. Ask your veterinarian for advice on glaucoma
This is a less common cause of bulging eyes. Either way, an injury or infection that caused the animal's eyes to bulge out could cause future glaucoma. Despite being incurable, glaucoma can be eased through medications that reduce eye pressure and treat inflammation.
A glaucoma occurs when pressure in the eye rises due to drainage problems. These drainage problems can be caused by bruises or infections. So after treating a cat's protruding eye, take it to the vet at least once a year
Step 2. With the vet, treat feline herpes
Feline herpes (FHV) causes eye infections such as keratitis and conjunctivitis, which result in swollen or bulging eyes. This is usually the result of clogged eyelids, which causes pus to build up behind them. Wash them thoroughly with water so they open up and release the infection trapped inside. Feline herpes-related infections can be treated with antivirals. However, once it has FHV, the cat will carry the virus forever. Either way, the virus will go into a dormant state and can be controlled.
Do as much as possible to reduce your cat's stress levels by giving her attention, affection, space, and limiting her contact with other animals and small children, without letting her leave the house. A stressed cat is more likely to be stricken with symptoms again
Step 3. Talk to your veterinarian about cancer therapies
If a malignant tumor has taken the pussy's eye out of place, it is necessary to have surgery and remove the organ immediately, and then remove the tumor, if it is accessible. In addition to surgical removal, your veterinarian may suggest chemotherapy.