Cats love to hunt and play with insects. If yours stays out of the house, the chance that he will come across a bee, at some point, is huge. Like humans, cats can be allergic to bees and are likely to suffer dangerous reactions to the stings; if this occurs, it is necessary to quickly assess the animal's condition, perform first aid and take it for proper treatment later.
Part 1 of 3: Assessing the Cat's Condition
Step 1. Look for signs of a severe bite reaction
When you suspect or know that an animal has been bitten by a bee, it is important to identify if it is suffering from a reaction that requires immediate veterinary care. Take him to a veterinary emergency room if you notice any of the following symptoms:
- Breathing quickly or with difficulty;
- Swelling in the face;
- Gums or pale mucous membranes;
- Vomiting (especially within five to ten minutes after the bite) or diarrhea;
- Faint or fast heartbeat;
Step 2. Try to determine what actually stung the cat
Bee stings are slightly different from wasps and bumblebees, so treatment varies depending on the type of insect that attacked you. If you have seen the insect biting the pet, but you are not sure what it was, try to remember its physical characteristics:
- Wasps generally do not leave a sting after sting, unlike bees. You need to find and remove the cat's stinger if a bee attacked it.
- Bee venom is acidic, whereas wasp venom is alkaline. It's best not to try to neutralize the stinger with an alkaline (such as baking soda) or an acidic (vinegar) substance until you know for sure what bit the cat.
Step 3. Find the region where the animal was bitten
Look for signs of redness, swelling and tenderness; if the bite occurred in the mouth or throat, or if you suspect multiple bites, take the cat to the vet immediately.
Part 2 of 3: Applying First Aid
Step 1. Remove the stinger if it is still in place
If the cat has been stung by a bee (and not a wasp), there is a greater chance that the stinger will stick to the skin; it may continue to deposit poison on the skin for a few minutes after being dropped by the insect. Try to remove it as soon as possible.
- The stinger looks like a small black splinter;
- Very carefully, scrape the stinger with your fingernail, butter knife, or the edge of a credit card;
- Do not try to remove it with tweezers or your fingers; you might end up causing more poison to come out.
Step 2. Apply a cold compress to the pricked area
This can improve inflammation and swelling. Wrap ice cubes or a bag of ice in a towel and hold over the bite for about five minutes. Leave without the compress for five minutes and apply it again for the same time. Keep doing this for the first hour after the bite.
Step 3. Make a paste of baking soda and water and pass it on the chopped
It takes three times more baking soda than water to prepare it; then apply the mixture to the bite once every two hours until the swelling improves.
- Don't just use baking soda to treat the sting, unless you're sure the stinger is from a bee. For wasps, apply only apple cider vinegar.
- If you do not know exactly which insect bit your cat, do not apply any solution or ointment and take the animal to the veterinarian. Taking the wrong treatment can make the irritation worse.
- Be careful that the vinegar or baking soda does not spill into the pet's eyes.
Part 3 of 3: Taking care of the cat after treatment
Step 1. Keep an eye on the animal's evolution
If the swelling from the bite increases or spreads in the hours after the bite, contact a veterinarian and look for signs of infection, such as pus, redness, or swelling around the bite, for the next few days.
Step 2. Ask the veterinarian if it is possible to give the cat diphenhydramine
This drug can help reduce inflammation, itching and discomfort, and only your veterinarian can determine the proper dosage for your cat.
Avoid any other medication that has a component other than diphenhydramine; Human-targeted medications are harmful and can be fatal to felines
Step 3. Use pure aloe gel to treat the bite
It cannot contain other ingredients such as alcohol or lotions; use only a small amount and be careful not to let the gel get into the animal's eyes.
Another option is to apply a thin layer of triple antibiotic ointment over the bite, but it is not common in Brazil
- Do not give any type of painkiller that is for human use only (aspirin, paracetamol, Advil) to cats. They will cause damage and may even be fatal; consult a veterinarian if you are concerned about the animal's discomfort.
- Do not pass any type of essential oil on the stinger, as they are harmful to cats, especially if ingested while the felines are sanitizing themselves.
- Take care of the garden and, if necessary, hire the services of a company that specializes in removing bees when you notice that there is a hive.
- One option is to take the cat for a preventive injection against stings, especially if the garden has a lot of bees or biting insects. Multiple stings in a short period of time are associated with increased adverse reactions.