If your cat is sick with vomiting and diarrhea at the same time, it is essential that you know what to do and what not to do to help him. Simple things like feeding him correctly can make a difference in recovery time. To care for a sick kitten, keep her hydrated, learn the right time to feed her, and learn about recommended medications.
Method 1 of 3: Keeping the Kitten Hydrated
Step 1. See if the animal's skin is loose to see if it is dehydrated
Dehydration causes animals to lose elasticity in their skin. Pull the fur from the kitten's shoulder up with your fingers to see if it needs water.
- If the animal's skin immediately returns to its place, it is because it is hydrated.
- On the other hand, if the pet's skin remains taut and slowly returns to its place, it is because it is dehydrated.
Step 2. Encourage the cat to drink water if he can
Offer clean, fresh water, close to the animal's bed.
When sick, some cats prefer to drink mineral water instead of tap water. Mineral water has less chlorine, a substance that tastes bad for pussies. Thus, a sick cat can refuse a small bowl of tap water and drink mineral water without any problems. Try offering different types of water for your pet
Step 3. Give your cat an electrolyte supplement
Although they are made for humans, products like Pedialyte can also be beneficial to cats. The solution must be prepared with 500 ml of water, or the amount recommended by the manufacturer. The product serves to replace electrolytes lost due to vomiting and diarrhea.
Some cats don't like the salty taste of supplements. If that's the case with your pussy, go back to the water
Step 4. Use a syringe to hydrate the animal
If your cat is having trouble drinking and you have a sterile syringe at home, use it to give your cat water. Place the syringe nozzle behind the animal's canines and slowly squeeze the piston, allowing time for the kitten to swallow.
A medium-sized cat, 3 kg to 5 kg, needs 180 ml to 300 ml of water per day to stay healthy. Give between 5ml and 10ml of water to your pussy every half hour
Step 5. Call the veterinarian if the cat vomits whenever it drinks water
In kittens with gastroenteritis, dehydration is a sign that fluid loss is greater than gain. That balance must be restored. If the cat vomits whenever it drinks water or cannot hold anything down, see a veterinarian immediately.
The veterinarian will decide whether or not the cat needs IV fluids based on how alert or lethargic the animal is, the duration of symptoms, and the degree of dehydration. Fluids are injected into a vein through a catheter inserted into one of the pet's forepaws. Rehydration can take between 24 and 48 hours
Method 2 of 3: Deciding When to Feed Your Cat
Step 1. Do not feed the cat for 24 hours
If your pussy is suffering from vomiting, diarrhea or both, stop feeding it for 24 hours. However, continue to provide him with clean water to drink as explained above. Upon reaching the stomach, the food stimulates muscle contractions, causing the cat to vomit. Contractions can also happen in the bowel and cause diarrhea. Let your cat's tummy rest for 24 hours. So, if it's nothing serious, the problem will go away on its own.
If the cat continues to vomit after 24 hours, take it to the vet
Step 2. Feed your cat lightly if he gets better after 24 hours
If the cat stops vomiting but still has a little diarrhea, feed it light food in small portions.
- Light cat food is mainly white meat such as chicken, turkey, rabbit, cod and whiting. Feed the animal real meat instead of meat-flavored kibble.
- An average cat should consume 250 kcal a day. This is equivalent to about 250 g of chicken breast.
Step 3. Space the pet's meals
So that the kitten has time to digest, take a break between meals. Divide them into four to six small meals a day. That way, the pussy's stomach will get used to the food more easily after so much vomiting.
Step 4. Gradually return to normal feeding
If your cat's stool remains healthy for 24 hours, begin to gradually return to the pussy's normal feeding. Do this over the course of two or three days. The transition period allows the bacteria present in the animal's digestive tract to reaccustom themselves to normal food. The transition should look something like this:
- First day: ¾ light food and ¼ common food.
- Second day: half light food, half common food.
- Third day: ¼ light food and ¾ common food
- Fourth day: only common foods.
Method 3 of 3: Giving Medicine to Your Cat
Step 1. Give the animal famotidine
Famotidine inhibits H2 receptors and reduces stomach acid secretion. The drug helps to treat gastric ulcers and reduces inflammation in the stomach wall. In cats, it should be used with care as it can reduce heart rate in pets with heart problems. However, this usually only happens when the medication is administered intravenously.
The recommended daily dose is 0.5 mg/kg by mouth. That is, a 5 kg cat needs 2, 5 mg per day
Step 2. Give the animal a probiotic supplement
A cat-friendly probiotic can help your pussy recover faster from diarrhea. Offer the supplement to the animal when it stops vomiting, once a day, mixed with the food. The probiotic will stimulate the growth of bacteria that aid in digestion, helping to firm up the stool.
A good probiotic supplement for cats is Fortiflora, which comes in sachets. The product should be mixed with food once a day for five days
Step 3. Try giving kaolin and pectin (Kaopek)
Kaolin and pectin absorb the toxins produced in the stomach and line the organ walls with a protective barrier. The compound's effectiveness is questioned, but some animals seem to respond well to it, so talk to your veterinarian before giving your cat Kaopek.
Step 4. Ask your veterinarian for a prescription for Maropitant
Maropitant can help your cat to stop vomiting. The drug can be given via injection and is extremely effective in relieving nausea and preventing vomiting, acting directly on the animal's brain.
Step 5. Talk to your veterinarian about atropine
Another prescription drug is atropine, an antispasmodic that relaxes the bowel. When the drug wears off, the bowel returns to normal functioning.