Newborn kittens with fleas or ticks need to be treated immediately. These blood-sucking parasites can be fatal to young cats, as they are likely to cause anemia, lower red blood cell counts, or transmit Lyme Disease. However, most products to combat these insects also contain toxic ingredients, which are extremely dangerous to newborns. The ideal is to remove the fleas and ticks through safe methods and exterminate all outbreaks of such insects still present in the house to avoid another infestation.
Part 1 of 3: Removing Puppy Fleas and Ticks
Step 1. Use a special comb to remove fleas
This method is the safest and most efficient way to combat these pests; such combs can be purchased at any pet store. Always comb the kitten in a warm room so that there is no danger that it will catch a cold, which is fatal in puppies.
- Pour hot water into a bowl with a few drops of washing up liquid. Comb the feline and place the comb in the water, shaking it to kill the fleas.
- Another option is to dilute water and bath oil (five times more water than oil) and use a sponge, or sprinkle the solution on the puppy's fur. Then, take the flea comb to remove the insects from the damp coat; they will try to escape from the wet parts, so make sure they don't stay on the cat's face. When removing with the comb, dip it in the bowl of water to drown them.
- Another option is to put the fleas on a double-sided tape, preventing them from moving or escaping, later killing or crushing them.
- If you have other cats or kittens (including their mother) in the household, always get flea treatment on everyone. It is important to prevent fleas from other animals from infecting the newborn again.
Step 2. Take him to the vet to find out about possible medications
The vast majority can be fatal for the little ones, making manual removal essential for newborns. However, after they are four weeks old, puppies can be treated with Capstar medicine, which kills adult fleas but not small ones.
- The other medications can be given only when the cat is at least eight weeks old for safe use, killing small fleas as well. However, always consult a veterinarian before using any medication as they can be dangerous for the puppy.
- Do not use natural oils to fight fleas. Cats can experience severe allergic reactions when administering certain oils, such as lavender, eucalyptus or geranium.
Step 3. Use fine tip tweezers to remove ticks
Put on gloves to protect your hands and place the insects in a bowl of insecticide or alcohol, killing them.
- Put on gloves and hold the kitten with one hand or ask someone else to help hold it;
- Bring the tweezers closer to the cat's skin and grab the tick by the head. Instead of twisting the insect, pull it out; do your best not to crush his body into the skin as this causes the feline's bloodstream to be contaminated by harmful bacteria;
- Throw the tick into the bowl of insecticide or alcohol and wash your hands thoroughly after removing all of them.
- Apply antiseptic on tick bites to prevent infections. The cat may try to scratch or bite the pricked spots; it's important to treat them every day with antiseptics so they stay clean. Check the animal for signs of illness or infection and take it to the veterinarian when you notice any signs such as fever, loss of appetite, lethargy or numb limbs.
Step 4. Consult your veterinarian to learn more about remedies that prevent tick contamination
There are several medications that can be applied to the cat's coat to prevent contamination from such insects; however, some variations can cause serious adverse effects in puppies. As always, consult a veterinarian to recommend the appropriate product for the newborn.
If you have other cats (including the mother), always treat them for ticks as well. It is important to prevent tick contamination in other animals in the house, as the puppy could end up being infected again
Part 2 of 3: Getting rid of fleas and ticks in the house
Step 1. Understand the importance of removing tick and flea outbreaks from the home
When the kitten is infected with these insects, it does not mean that they are only living in the cat's soft fur; in fact, the vast majority grow on bedding, fabrics, and surfaces that the animal came into contact with during the infestation.
About 5% of adult fleas live on the cat; the rest are chrysalis, larvae and eggs that are on the surface of the house. By not cleaning up the environment in which the newborn lives, it will be much more common for ticks and fleas to occur, which can lead to infections and even diseases in the pet
Step 2. Gather all bedding and fabric items in your home (such as pillows) and place them in garbage bags
Then throw everything in the washing machine and sanitize on the hottest option to exterminate all pests (both adults and puppies).
Step 3. Vacuum the entire house
Placing it on your surfaces and concentrating on cleaning covered areas or corners, such as behind and under furniture, where insects can hide. Another option is to vacuum the surfaces of curtains, furniture and shelves.
If desired, put a flea collar inside the vacuum bag to help catch fleas. After you finish vacuuming, clean the bag and safely dispose of the contents, emptying it by vacuuming and preventing fleas from escaping
Step 4. Use a pest control product
To clean the entire house well and avoid another infestation, you can buy a product that specializes in controlling insect infestations at any pet store. It will likely come in the form of an aerosol, which will exterminate any remaining ticks and fleas; It is important that all people and pets are removed from the house before using the aerosol "bomb" as they are toxic to other animals.
Another option is to hire a fumigation service to exterminate pests from the house and garden. Professionals use a spray that is safe for pets
Part 3 of 3: Preventing future tick and flea infestations
Step 1. Leave the kitten indoors
Insects are much more likely to infect the newborn when they are running or playing outside; avoid future infestations by keeping it inside the house.
If he leaves, check for fleas or ticks before letting him back in. Remove all insects immediately, preventing other outbreaks of pests from developing in the house or on the cat itself. When your pet is older, you can use a tick spray and topical flea treatment methods
Step 2. Every week, vacuum the house
Keeping it clean and free from dirt also helps to prevent pests from setting in and going undetected in the home. It is important to get into the habit of vacuuming at least once a week, especially if your puppy likes to go out or there are other pets in the house.
It is also critical to check for ticks or fleas on carpets, furniture, curtains and material storage areas so that pests do not breed. When you notice such insects, kill them immediately
Step 3. Keep the garden or yard in good condition
Ticks are attracted to tall grass and bushes; mow grass and trim bushes to prevent them from appearing. If you find it necessary, use safe insecticides to eliminate and keep away insect outbreaks in the garden.