How to Care for a Pig with Pneumonia: 5 Steps

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How to Care for a Pig with Pneumonia: 5 Steps
How to Care for a Pig with Pneumonia: 5 Steps

A pig with pneumonia needs care quickly. Pneumonia affects an animal's lower respiratory tract and can be caused by bacteria, viruses, chemicals (such as methane), extreme temperatures, stress or parasites. Here are instructions on how to treat a pig with pneumonia.


Care for a Pig With Pneumonia Step 1

Step 1. Check for pneumonia symptoms

Unfortunately, many symptoms do not show up in pigs until the situation is very serious. Any signs of poor appetite during winter should be watched very carefully as it is an early symptom. Symptoms of pneumonia in pigs include:

  • Disinterest in food, lack of appetite, choosing what to eat (symptom number one).
  • Cough.
  • Lying down for a long time (sick pigs are usually lying down while others are wandering).
  • Bad appearance.
  • Quick, short breath.
  • Fever and lethargy.
Care for a Pig With Pneumonia Step 2

Step 2. Take the temperature of the pig

Anything above 38.3°C is considered a fever for a pig, and pneumonia causes the temperature to rise from 38.8°C to 40°C at first. The temperature is measured in the rectum, which can be easy for domestic pigs, but it should be done carefully with larger pigs that have little contact with humans, as they are very strong animals and can seriously injure people.

Care for a Pig With Pneumonia Step 3

Step 3. Contact a veterinarian quickly

Your pig will need antibiotics, and the sooner you start treatment, the better the animal's chances of survival. The veterinarian may prescribe injections or oral antibiotics.

Care for a Pig With Pneumonia Step 4

Step 4. Keep the pig in a dry, warm place for recovery

He must always be well fed and receiving antibiotics.

Care for a Pig With Pneumonia Step 5

Step 5. Take steps to prevent a relapse and protect other pigs from the disease

Things to consider:

  • Remove any sources of stress from the pig's surroundings.
  • Leave the pig room well ventilated, but without creating drafts.
  • Don't put more pigs than the place can handle.
  • Keep pigs warm during cold weather.
  • Keep pigs treated and protected from internal worms and parasites.
  • Talk to your veterinarian about a control plan if pigs continue to get pneumonia. All pigs at risk of contracting the disease must be vaccinated.


  • Discovering the disease early is essential for a good chance of survival.
  • Drastic fluctuations in temperature can cause pneumonia in pigs. If you have a pig used to the indoor environment of a house, avoid leaving it outside too long during the winter.
  • The bacteria Mycoplasma Hyopneumoniae is the most frequent cause of swine pneumonia, followed by the bacteria Pasteurella Multocida, which causes a more serious infection.
  • Puppies are often exposed to pneumonia-causing bacteria. If a litter comes into contact with at least one pig with pneumonia, usually the whole litter is treated with antibiotics.


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