Snakes are common in many parts of the world and even tend to appear in urban areas close to vegetation and the like. The presence of these animals indicates that the ecosystem is healthy, but it can be frightening - as they can be dangerous and poisonous. If the snake is not poisonous, you don't need to get it out of the house, as it can get out by itself. Finally, if you prefer a more direct method, use a broom and other tools to push the bug to the nearest exit.
Method 1 of 3: Getting Snakes Out of the Home
Step 1. Call the Zoonoses Control Center if you think the snake is poisonous
If you're afraid or don't want to mess with the animal, even if it doesn't seem to be poisonous, call your city's Zoonoses. Venomous snake bites always need specialized medical attention.
- Try to contain the snake in a room. If she's in the laundry, for example, close the door and put a towel under her to keep the animal from running away.
- Keep children and pets away from the area until the Zoonoses person arrives and makes the capture.
Step 2. Let the snake try to find the exit on its own
Many snakes manage to get out of their homes on their own over time. If she's in the garage or in a room leading to the backyard, close the inside doors and open the outside ones.
The snake will leave the site in a short time. This method is simpler and more accurate than other more aggressive alternatives, which can scare the snake and make it hide in less accessible places
Step 3. Try transferring the snake to a large garbage can if it is not poisonous
If you think you can transport the animal on your own, use this method: first, put a trash can in the same room as the animal. Then use a broom to push it towards the container. Finally, flip it over and cover it.
- After placing the snake in the trash can, move it to a more vegetated environment or another area away from your home. Turn the can on its side, uncover it and let the animal out.
- Ask a friend, relative or neighbor for help to make the process faster and safer.
Step 4. Secure the snake with a homemade trap
If you think there might be a snake in the garage, backyard, or other room in the house, place traps near the walls. The animal will approach them and get trapped. When this happens, you (or the Zoonoses manager) can transfer it elsewhere.
- If you catch a non-venomous snake, place the trap in a bucket and take it outside your house or other area where you can release it. Pour vegetable oil on the animal's skin so it can crawl and free itself.
- Check the traps every day to see if they have captured the snake. If you wait too long, she might starve to death.
Step 5. Take the snake and get it out of the house if you are sure it is not poisonous
Wear thick gloves to protect yourself. Then pass a stick under the snake's head and catch it by the tail with your other hand. If you prefer, grab the animal hard by the head.
- Determine if the snake is not poisonous before trying to catch it. Don't touch it if you have questions.
- The closer you get to the snake, the more susceptible it is to attacks.
Method 2 of 3: Getting Snakes Out of the Home
Step 1. Let the snake out of the house on its own
If the snake is not poisonous, the easiest method to get it out of the house is to wait - since in that case it poses no threat. On the other hand, if you have children or pets, keep them away anyway.
If you always see snakes close to home, it may be better to use preventive measures, not removal
Step 2. Pour water from the hose onto the snake to push it away
If you find a non-poisonous snake near your home and want to push it away, you might just give it a "push". Use the hose to water the animal until it leaves.
This method is ideal for the most common and non-venomous snakes
Step 3. Use a cleaner to get the snake out of the pool
If you don't have a pool cleaner, just use another tool that has a small screen. This method also works for small, non-venomous snakes. Just don't squeeze the animal's body too much so you don't hurt it.
Take the snake to the back of the yard or to a nearby vegetated area to release it
Step 4. Spread snake traps outside the house
Usually, just use plastic boxes and a bait, such as a substance or scent that attracts snakes. When she enters the trap, she won't be able to get out because of the shape of the structure. Afterwards, just drop it in a remote location.
- When you trap the snake, move the trap to a vegetated spot to release it.
- Do not use poison traps to capture the snake. These animals are important in the ecosystem and must be removed, not killed.
Method 3 of 3: Preventing New Infestations
Step 1. Trim backyard vegetation
Places with a lot of vegetation, with tall grass and shrubs, are among the natural habitats of snakes. With that in mind, you can take care of the yard to avoid the problem of infestation. Remove excess plants, trunks and sticks etc. Also do the following:
- Store logs and other materials at least 2 feet from the ground and move the compost pile away from the house.
- Cut shrubs and other tall plants that might attract snakes.
Step 2. Fight populations of animals that are natural prey to snakes
Snakes eat rats, mice, crickets and other insects. If you reduce or wipe out the population of these animals, they won't infest your home. Use earth or stones to block exits and passageways for rodents and the like in the yard. Also, do not use birdseed, berries, nuts that fall from trees, etc. in the compost pile - these products attract more pests.
Fight the population of rats, mice and insects in the house with traps and other methods. Read this and this articles for more ideas
Step 3. Adapt the structure of the house
Inspect the home for cracks and other structural flaws to prevent snake infestation. Put plaster or cement in these places and also protect doors and windows. Put protective screens on the air vents and the like.
The grid of the screens must not have openings larger than 0.6 cm, or the smaller snakes will be able to get through
Step 4. Apply snake repellent in the house and yard
These products are sold in the form of liquids (which the user can spray on the outside walls of the house) or powder (sprinkled in the backyard). They are sustainable and do not harm vegetation or pets.
You can buy various types of commercial repellents at local stores or on the internet
Step 5. Make a simple and practical repellent
Mix coarse salt and crushed garlic in equal proportions and sprinkle the products in the entrances of the house, in the garden, in the yard and in other places. If the infestation is serious, prepare a solution with sulfur and mothballs (in the same proportions).
- The vast majority of snakes people encounter at home are not poisonous. Furthermore, they rarely bite - and when they do, they do not inject venom into the prey's body.
- Do some research on the common snake species in your area to know how to identify them and determine whether or not they are poisonous.
- If you find a non-poisonous snake, let it be. Most snakes are harmless and contribute to the garden's ecosystem as they control the population of other pests such as crickets and rodents.
- Many gardeners like to have one or two snakes "watching" the garden and protecting the flowers and crops.
- Never handle a snake until you find out if it is dangerous.
- Do not leave any animals trapped in a glue trap. Inspect the trap regularly so the bug doesn't suffer. The animals can even trap their faces in the stick and thus suffocate or tear the skin in an attempt to escape.
- Bites from non-venomous snakes generate bleeding much more intense than those from venomous snakes, since the animals' saliva contains a substance that prevents the blood from clotting - and they end up biting several times.
- If you are bitten by a venomous snake, find out the species of the animal. Note three specific aspects: the size (length and width), the color and shape of the head. This will make the treatment much easier, as the doctors will know how to use the right antivenom.
- In many countries, animal control organizations (in Brazil, the Zoonoses Control Center) only deal with domestic animal problems, not snakes. If you live in a situation like this, you may have to go to a reptile specialist and even pay for the service.