How to Build a Bocce Court: 10 Steps

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How to Build a Bocce Court: 10 Steps
How to Build a Bocce Court: 10 Steps

Bocce ball is a game of Italian origin played traditionally on a flat surface covered with sand or trimmed grass and bordered by a wooden border. The player must throw several balls of different sizes around the court (called a court) and calculate the points according to the positions of the balls. To build a court, measure the dimensions of the court. Then insert the wooden edge and fill it with a base layer of stones and a top layer of fine sand or oyster shells.


Part 1 of 3: Plotting the court dimensions

Build a Bocce Ball Court Step 1

Step 1. Decide the size of the court

An official bocce court is around 28 x 4 meters. However, you can build the court any size you want. As per the general rule of thumb, the ratio of court width to length should be between 1:5 and 1:7.

Build a court that fits the dimensions of your garden (or the place you are going to use). If your space is limited, build the court no more than 1.5 x 6 meters

Build a Bocce Ball Court Step 2

Step 2. Measure the length and width of the court

Use a tape measure to calculate the length and total width of the pitch on the ground where you want to build. Remember that you will need to add the dimensions of the auxiliary material (for example, the court structure) in the total width and length of the measurements. If using 10 x 10 cm boards in the frame, add 8 inches to the length and width of the measurements.

For example, if you are going to build a court of the regulated size, the measurements of the outside dimensions of the court should be 28 x 4.2 meters

Build a Bocce Ball Court Step 3

Step 3. Place stakes in the corners of the court

After measuring the length and width of the court, use a hammer to drive a stake into the ground in each corner. These markings will indicate the size of the court and the area you need to dig.

Buy plenty of wooden or plastic stakes at the building supply store. These materials are generally inexpensive and do not need to be of high quality

Part 2 of 3: Creating the court

Build a Bocce Ball Court Step 4

Step 1. Dig the court area

The best way to flatten and level the court space is to dig about two to four inches from the ground. Thus, it will be possible to remove stones or thickets from the ground, which can crack the surface of the court and create a hole in the place when placing the subsequent layers.

Choose a flat area to build the court. Otherwise, the playing surface will be crooked. Dig less than 10 centimeters if you think your court is likely to get wet during the rainy season

Build a Bocce Ball Court Step 5

Step 2. Install and connect the wooden edges

It is possible to use other types of wood, however, pressure treated boards are the best choice. Lay the 4 x 10 cm boards along the edges of the excavated bocce hole and arrange them end to end. Use a carpenter's level to ensure all planks are level with the floor. Secure each plank to adjacent edges using 10-inch nails.

Go to a building supply store to buy wood. Before going to the site, calculate how many boards you will be using. If you're building a standard court and you're buying 10-by-10-foot planks, you'll need about 14 sections of wood

Build a Bocce Ball Court Step 6

Step 3. Place a washed gravel base

The base layer of the court must be built with relatively large and resistant stones. Use a shovel to make a 2.5-inch layer of stone across the entire court. If you have dug the area of ​​the court 10 centimeters deep, place approximately 5 centimeters of large stone layer.

At stores specializing in construction and gardening materials, it is possible to buy 2.5 centimeters of washed gravel. If you cannot find the material, contact a quarry or a place that sells gravel

Build a Bocce Ball Court Step 7

Step 4. Place a second layer of gravel or gravel

When the 2.5 cm layer of stone has covered the entire dug hole, add a second layer that will contain smaller stones. There is no standard size required; you can use gravel or gravel of 1.2 centimeters. Use the shovel to cover the court with gravel. The layer must be at least 2 centimeters thick.

To buy 2.5 cm gravel, go to a local gravel retailer or a landscaping company to purchase gravel or smaller gravel

Part 3 of 3: Placing the surface

Build a Bocce Ball Court Step 8

Step 1. Place a layer of oyster shells if you are building an official sized court

To build a standard court (if you are interested in becoming a professional bocce player) cover the court with processed oyster shells. The layer should be about 0.6 centimeters thick. This material has a very fine grain and is resistant to storms.

  • Unless you live in an international coastal region, you will need to ship these processed shells to your address.
  • Contact companies in the coastal region that work with this product to purchase the material.
Build a Bocce Ball Court Step 9

Step 2. Throw in the sand as you cover the course layer

If you're not interested in making a block with standard dimensions - and want to save money - skip the oyster shells step. A layer of ordinary sand can be used to make a playing surface. Pour sand at least 1.2 centimeters thick over the underlying layer of rocks or gravel. Use the shovel to spread the sand and press it into all corners of the court.

The downside to using sand is that a storm can make the terrain soggy and compact. Sweep the sand so that it dries and reduces its compactness

Build a Bocce Ball Court Step 10

Step 3. Finish the court with synthetic grass

If you don't want to play in processed oyster shells or sand, apply synthetic grass to the surface. This material is very affordable and easy to maintain; if branches or debris fall on the site, it will be very simple to clean.

  • Buy artificial grass at garden stores or plant nurseries.
  • Depending on the size of your court and the size of the sections of grass you plan to purchase, it may be best to purchase several sections of grass.


  • If you decide that you are not skilled enough to perform this task, call a professional and have him set up the court.
  • It is possible - and quite fun - to play bocce without a court. You can play on any field or grass (which is trimmed).

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