6 Ways to Survive in Nature

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6 Ways to Survive in Nature
6 Ways to Survive in Nature

It's better to be prepared for everything in life, isn't it? Imagine, for example, that you have an accident and get lost in a forest - or you want to test your survivability in harsh environments! Certain "experts" on the subject recommend that people take certain bodily fluids, but you only need to resort to a few basic tricks to find water, build shelter, get food, and protect yourself from low temperatures to get along.


Method 1 of 6: Finding Water

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Step 1. Find a body of water, such as a river, stream or stream

As water flows towards sunken spots, try to find a body of water in depressions and valleys. If you're in a mountainous region, walk parallel to the hills and you'll find something.

If you do find a body of water, try building the shelter next to it - just not at the end or the end, as dangerous animals can frequent the place to quench their thirst

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Step 2. Sterilize the water you find

Always boil the water you collect from nature. If you have a metal container, place it directly over a fire for at least 20 minutes. If not, improvise with a hot well or something.

  • Dig a well of about 60 x 60 x 60 cm (length, width and depth) near where you are camping.
  • Then separate the clay from the soil (which will be sticky and reddish) and put the clay at the bottom of the well, leaving no gaps or gaps.
  • Then transfer the water to the well using a cap, hat or shoes.
  • When the well is full, heat some stones for ten minutes and transfer them to it. Alternate between cooler and warmer rocks until the water boils for 20 minutes.
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Step 3. Dig the earth for water if you can't find any streams or streams

Before going to sleep, dig a hole measuring 30 x 30 x 30 cm (length, width and depth). It will be full of underground water the next morning. From then on, you just need to filter the mud from the liquid with a cloth, such as your T-shirt.

If you don't have any container to receive the filtered water, slowly absorb the liquid with your T-shirt and wring it in your mouth. The fabric will retain most of the mud

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Step 4. Wear your shirt to collect moisture from the soil and plants if you can't find water otherwise

You can use the T-shirt to collect plant and soil sap in the morning. Just place the fabric against the earth and exert force while it absorbs water. Then twist it in your mouth. During the day, place the piece in the undergrowth. It will absorb more moisture from the leaves.

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Step 5. Follow ant trails to find pockets of moisture in tree bark

If you notice ants trailing in the trees, they are probably walking towards a moisture deposit in the bark of the plants. Follow them to the end and, when possible, place your shirt against the tank to absorb the water. Finally, twist in the mouth.

Be careful not to swallow any ants with this method. She may have tweezers

Method 2 of 6: Building a Shelter

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Step 1. Find a fallen tree trunk or the edge of a cliff

You have to build the shelter against a large surface, which blocks the gusts of wind and prevents attacks from wild animals. Try to find a spot that close to the water body (if you found one).

Make sure there are no animals around before starting

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Step 2. Support large branches on the trunk or on the edge of the cliff

You don't even need to pull anything out of the trees; just collect what is already on the ground around you. Find large branches and place them against the trunk or on the edge of the cliff where you want to build the shelter.

  • The straighter the branches are, the better. Furthermore, the ideal size is 1.8 m long and 5 to 7.5 cm in diameter.
  • Build a small shelter, but one that you can get into in one piece (even if you have to curl up a bit). This way, it will better protect your body from low temperatures.
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Step 3. Fill in the spaces between the larger branches with smaller ones

The shelter will have flaws in the structure, even if you find perfectly straight and thick branches. So fill these spaces with sticks and leaves.

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Step 4. Create a layer of leaves on the ground inside the shelter

You won't be able to maintain your body temperature if you sleep in the damp earth. Therefore, create a layer of large dry leaves inside the shelter that forms a kind of barrier.

Replace this layer every day with other dry leaves

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Step 5. Build the shelter near a depression in the ground if you are in a desert area

If you're lost in a desert, not a forest, dig a depression in the ground and use the displaced sand to form a kind of barrier around you. Then cover the depression with undergrowth (if found) or whatever fabric is nearby.

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Step 6. Protect the shelter structure well in case of cold weather

If you get lost in a snowy place, dig a trench that is slightly larger than you (in terms of length) and create a barrier with the displaced material. Then form a kind of trellis with branches and sticks to improvise the ceiling.

Method 3 of 6: Getting food

Step 1. Eat bugs

Insects are good sources of protein and therefore ideal food for those lost in a forest. Look for earthworms, beetles, locusts and crickets in trees and on the ground, especially in damp spots or where there are decaying trunks (since these bugs love wet places).

  • Do not eat any insects, as some are poisonous or have tweezers.
  • Before eating, remove the ends and husks of the insects, crush them with a stone and cook the pulp over the fire.
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Step 2. Eat seeds, nuts and bark from certain trees

Try to find edible nuts and seeds on trees. You can toast these products and eat the proteins they contain. Certain trees, such as spruce and pine (coniferous), also have edible bark. Find these plants and "dig" the trunk with a rock until you reach the inner layer, which is cream-colored and rubberized.

  • You can cook pine needles in hot water and make tea that is rich in nutrients, especially vitamin C.

    This pine needle tea is not recommended for pregnant women as it can harm the baby in the mother's womb

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Step 3. Find bird nests on the ground and in low tree branches

As you explore the forest during the day, try to find bird nests on the ground, among tree roots, or in branches. If you do, get the eggs - or even the bird itself, if it's around and easy prey.

  • To cook an egg without a pan, cut a 2.5 x 2.5 wide and long hole in the top of the shell using a stick.
  • Then use another stick to stir some of the charcoal to the edge of the fire and create a kind of "path" for the egg, with a circular depression in the middle.
  • Place the eggs on this bed and wait for five to ten minutes. Look through the hole in the shell to see if it's ready.
  • When the egg is cooked, remove the rest of the shell and eat it!
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Step 4. Make a spear and carry it with you at all times to hunt small animals

Find and fell a young tree whose trunk is thin but strong. If possible, choose a trunk that is at least 1.5 m long and 5 to 10 cm in diameter. Remove the branches and sharpen the tip with a stone. Lastly, put this tip in the fire for a while to harden it.

Carry the spear with you during the day to hunt small animals such as rabbits, squirrels, frogs and fish, and cook them over the fire

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Step 5. Try to find cacti and lizards if you are in a desert area

Many different cacti have edible "leaves" (even raw). First, create a kind of glove with your shirt to protect yourself from the thorns and remove the leaves from the plant. Then scrape these thorns with a rock and eat. If you're going to catch a lizard, in turn, be smart: stay very still and strike at the right time.

Thoroughly cook the lizard meat, which may contain salmonella. Preferably, eat only the tail and avoid the mouth, which is where the bacteria most appear

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Step 6. Try to find fish if you are in a cold climate area

If you're close to the ocean and the weather is cold, dig holes in the sand before the tide rises - after watching the waves and identifying the ideal spots, of course. Some fish will get trapped in these holes during low tide. If you're not near the sea, make a spear and try fishing in rivers and streams.

Method 4 of 6: Lighting a Fire

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Step 1. Dig a pit for the fire pit

Dig a shallow well, at least 1.5 m from your shelter, 60 cm long, 60 cm wide and 15 cm deep. Distribute stones around.

After digging this shallow pit, form a pile of dry leaves and sticks inside

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Step 2. Make a bow and drill

Find a piece of wood or stone that has a clod on the surface. Then find a piece of coniferous wood and make a hole in it with some sharp tool. Create a triangular cut in the edge of the conifer, with the tip of the triangle in the hole made earlier. Then find a green, malleable branch and tie one of your shoe laces at each end to form a bow. Finally, find a very strong stick that is about 2 cm in diameter - and that will be the drill.

  • If you don't have any string and you're in a forest, remove the inner layer of bark from a tree, which has fibers, and tie the pieces together to make a little string.
  • If you are not in a wooded area and need a string, cut and tie a few strands of your hair.
  • If you don't have that much hair, tie up bits of undergrowth.
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Step 3. Use the bow and drill to light the fire

Place the coniferous wood in the fire pit, with the leaves and dry sticks inside its triangular hole. Then place the drill in place with the bowstring tied around it (with a single loop) and the bow itself parallel to the ground. Hold the wood tightly with your foot and place the top of the drill in the clod of wood or stone you found earlier. Finally, move the arc from side to side to make the bit rotate and create friction and thus sparks.

  • You will start to see smoke after a few minutes of this movement. When this happens, blow lightly on the dry leaves to scatter the sparks.
  • When the leaves start to burn, form three pyramids: one with sticks and bark in the middle, one with sticks, and a third around the rest of the structure with larger branches.
  • After the sparks generate a fire onset, add more leaves and sticks throughout the day so it doesn't go out.

Method 5 of 6: Protecting Yourself from the Elements

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Step 1. Eat after dark

The human body generates heat while metabolizing the food it eats. Take advantage of this and eat high-fat products such as nuts, insects and small animals before bed.

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Step 2. Cover yourself with earth, leaves, sticks and other materials at bedtime

When you go to sleep in the shelter at night, create a thick layer of earth, leaves and the like to protect yourself and preserve your body temperature.

Don't cover yourself so much that you sweat. Sweating cools the body and leaves the leaves underneath you moist, which interferes with maintaining the temperature

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Step 3. Stay inside the shelter if it rains

This is even more important in tropical regions, such as the Amazon and other Brazilian forests, where it rains frequently. Protect yourself as much as possible, and if you do end up getting wet, dry your body and clothes as soon as possible so you don't get sick or get fungal infections.

Method 6 of 6: Taking care of your safety and health

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Step 1. Avoid predators

The presence of predators is a problem anywhere in the world. You have to pay attention and give "notices" of your presence, such as whistling or singing, so that you don't find any dangerous animals. Also, dispose of all other food from your campsite, as the smell can be attractive, and wait a while before you get close to newly killed animals - some predators come and go after killing their prey.

Don't panic if you encounter a predator. Avoid his eyes and back away slowly, trying as much as possible to appear bigger and stronger (moving his arms, for example)

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Step 2. Cover your skin to protect yourself from scratches and insect bites that cause infections

This is even more important in tropical regions, where there are many poisonous insects and hot, humid weather can accelerate the progression of infections. If you're not wearing long-sleeved clothing and pants, cover your arms and legs with leaves and tie everything up with soft sticks.

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Step 3. Immobilize broken bones and do not do heavy activities while recovering

If you're lost in a forest, make a splint with two tree limbs on either side of the broken bone and tie it up with laces from your shoes or live, pliable branches. If not, avoid moving the bone as much as possible while it recovers. Anyway, get enough rest so that the member gradually returns to normal.

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Step 4. Hydrate yourself well and get plenty of rest if you start to get sick

If you feel yourself starting to get sick (or already are), the most important thing is to hydrate and rest. Stay in the shelter and always keep water around, and try to keep your body warm to speed up the process.


  • Prioritize hydration. A person can survive days without shelter and a few weeks without food, but the effects of dehydration appear in a matter of days.
  • You will have to generate and store a lot of energy to survive in nature. Eat well, get plenty of rest and don't make any unnecessary movements.
  • Do not eat any suspicious plants, unless you have knowledge of botany and know how to differentiate between what is and what is not edible. The wrong plant can even cause dehydration.
  • If you're going to explore the region during the day, make marks on the bark of the trees so you don't get lost.
  • If you encounter a large animal, move away slowly until you are out of sight. Any sudden movement will send the message that you are a threat, even if the animal is normally peaceful.

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