6 Ways to Make Fire Without Phosphorus or Lighter

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6 Ways to Make Fire Without Phosphorus or Lighter
6 Ways to Make Fire Without Phosphorus or Lighter
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Being able to make fire is essential for survival in hostile environments. If someone in your trail group drops the matches in a river or the lighter gets lost along the way, you'll need to know how to start a fire using homemade or natural objects to create friction, or even focus the sunlight. Learn how to make a fire without using matches or a lighter by reading the methods below.

Steps

Method 1 of 6: Getting Started

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 1

Step 1. Learn how to make a nest of sticks for fires, or have a wick.

In all methods here, you will need a wick or nest for sparks or embers to start the fire.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 2

Step 2. Collect dry wood

To create friction and keep the flame, you will need very dry wood.

  • Dry wood can be found in hidden places. If the location is damp, you can check inside logs, under rocks, and in other places protected from moisture.
  • Get to know the trees. Each type of wood lights up differently. Depending on your location, some types burn easier than others. For example, fine birch fragments, even when wet, are very good for a fire.
  • Look beyond the wood. While building fires is more conducive to remote places, you may have to adapt. In an urban environment where there are no trees nearby, you may have to look for old books, pieces of wood, furniture and the like to build your fire.

Method 2 of 6: Using Battery and Steel Wool

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 3

Step 1. Make a nest with dry flammable plant material

It can be dry grass, leaf, twig or tree bark. The nest will be used to create the flame from the spark produced with the battery and steel wool.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 4

Step 2. Find a battery and locate the poles

The battery poles are the two circular pins located at the top.

It can be battery of any voltage; however, 9 volt batteries are more efficient

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 5

Step 3. Rub the steel wool onto the battery poles

The thinner the steel wool, the easier the process.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 6

Step 4. Continue to create friction by rubbing steel wool into the battery

This process works by creating a current through the steel wires, which then heat up and spark.

Another way is to use a 9 volt battery and a metal clip. Rub the clip on both poles of the battery at the same time to create sparks. The process is similar to the threads in lamps and toasters

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 7

Step 5. Gently blow the steel wool until it starts to glow

This helps to feed and spread the flame.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 8

Step 6. Wait for the steel wool to shine brightly

Then transfer it to the nest quickly, continuing to blow lightly until it creates a flame.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 9

Step 7. Add larger pieces of dry wood to keep the fire going after the nest has a flame

Enjoy your campfire!

Method 3 of 6: Using Stone and Steel

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 10

Step 1. Again, make a nest with dry plant material

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 11

Step 2. Hold a flint or other sparking stone between your thumb and forefinger

About 7 centimeters of the stone should be exposed.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 12

Step 3. Hold a piece of charred cloth cloth between your thumb and stone

This type of cloth is made up of small squares turned into pieces of flammable charcoal. If you don't have it, you can use some fungus found on trees.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 13

Step 4. Hold a steel link or the blunt side of a knife and quickly scrape the steel against the stone

Continue until sparks start to form.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 14

Step 5. Touch the sparks to the cloth and continue the process until the cloth starts to glow like an ember

These cloths are suitable for heating without igniting.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 15

Step 6. Transfer the cloth to the twig nest and blow gently to induce the flame

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 16

Step 7. Add larger pieces of wood for the flame to grow

Method 4 of 6: Using a Magnifying Glass

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 17

Step 1. See if there is enough sunlight to make a fire with this Method

For the magnifying glass to work, the sun must not be obstructed by clouds.

  • If you don't have a magnifying glass, eyeglass lenses or binoculars will also work.
  • Adding water to the lens allows for a more intense light beam.
Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 18

Step 2. Make the nest with dry material and place on the ground

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 19

Step 3. Tilt the lens towards the sun until it creates a small circle of light focused on the nest

You will probably have to experiment with different angles until you find the most concentrated beam of light possible.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 20

Step 4. Keep the lens in place until the nest starts to smoke and create flame

Blow lightly to fuel the flame.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 21

Step 5. Add larger pieces of dry wood so that the twig nest has the desired fire size

Method 5 of 6: Using a Hand Drill

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 22

Step 1. Make a nest with dry plant material

Material must be flammable.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 23

Step 2. Find a piece of wood to use as the base of the hand drill

It will need to be perforated to create friction.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 24

Step 3. Find a knife or other sharp object

Cut a small V-shaped notch in the center of the wooden base. The notch should be big enough to fit a stick.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 25

Step 4. Place small pieces of bark in the notch

The bark will be used to capture the ember of friction between the stick and the base.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 26

Step 5. Take a stick, which should be a thin stick about 50 centimeters long and 2 centimeters in diameter

Fit it into the notch in the center of the base.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 27

Step 6. Hold the stick between your two palms and begin to rotate it in both directions

Firmly press the stick against the base.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 28

Step 7. Continue to rotate the stick rapidly, until an ember forms at the base

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 29

Step 8. Transfer the embers to a piece of bark

At this point, you should have already placed pieces of bark next to the notch for this purpose.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 30

Step 9. Place the red-hot bark in the nest

Continue to gently blow the nest until the ember is fully transferred and a flame is created.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 31

Step 10. Add larger pieces of wood to increase the fire

Know that this method takes time and requires physical and mental preparation.

Method 6 of 6: Using a Bow

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 32

Step 1. Again, make a nest with dry plant material

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 33

Step 2. Find an object to use as a support

It could be a stone or a heavy piece of wood. The support will be used to exert pressure on the stick.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 34

Step 3. Find a long, flexible piece of wood about your arm's length

It is best if the piece of wood is slightly curved. It will serve as the handle of your bow.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 35

Step 4. Make the bowstring

Use a tough, abrasive material that withstands a lot of friction. It can be a shoelace, thin rope, string or even a strip of rawhide.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 36

Step 5. Tie the string as tightly as possible to each end of the bow

If it doesn't have natural notches to secure the rope, make small notches in the wood so that it secures the rope.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 37

Step 6. Find a piece of wood to use as the base of the hand drill

Cut a small V-shaped notch in the center with a knife or other sharp object.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 38

Step 7. Place the nest of twigs under the notch

Position the nest next to the stick, in order to facilitate the production of flames.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 39

Step 8. Loop the bowstring around the stick

Do this in the middle of the bowstring so that you have enough room to move the string.

Make a Homemade Bow Step 3

Step 9. Scrape one end to form a tip to reduce friction

When this tip starts to char, avoid cutting it to make it last longer.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 40

Step 10. Fit one end of the stick into the notch in the base, then place the support on the top end

Grasp the support with your non-dominant hand.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 41

Step 11. Start “saw” the bow quickly

Hold the wooden part of the bow with your dominant hand. This will cause the stick to create heat in the base notch.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 42

Step 12. Continue “sawing” until a ember is created in the notch

The nest must be close to the ember.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 43

Step 13. Gather the ember on a piece of wood and place it in the nest

To do this, just slide the ember into the nest.

Make Fire Without Matches or a Lighter Step 44

Step 14. Blow the nest

At the same time, add larger pieces of dry wood to create the fire.

Tips

  • Turning the ember or spark into a flame is the hardest part of making a fire. Blow gently in this step.
  • You must know how to put out a fire at an early stage, report a fire and/or put out a fire before attempting a fire.
  • Make sure the wood is very dry before trying the friction methods.
  • Poplar, juniper, poplar, willow, cedar, cypress and walnut are ideal woods for both base and twigs.
  • The hand drill method is the most primitive and difficult, but it requires the least material.
  • If you don't have any kind of lens for the lens method, you can also fill a balloon with water and squeeze it until it forms a light beam funnel; it is also possible to mold a piece of ice into a lens shape.

Notices

  • Always remember to be careful when dealing with fire.
  • Extinguish fire with water, sand or earth before leaving the fire pit.
  • Pay attention to sparks and embers that come off when creating friction.

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