3 Ways to Throw a Fly Fishing Rod

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3 Ways to Throw a Fly Fishing Rod
3 Ways to Throw a Fly Fishing Rod

Fly Fishing, also known as Fly Fishing, can be an equally challenging and fun sport. It takes a lot of practice to learn how to cast the line with a fly fishing pole, but the basic concept is simple to understand. Start by adjusting the line to be able to make good throws. Next, practice the overhead cast (also known as the “axe toss”). Once you've mastered the basic moves, you're ready to test the roll cast and catch fish in the toughest places!


Method 1 of 3: Mounting the Fly Fishing Rod

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 1

Step 1. Assemble the rod segments

Take the rod out of the box. Start the assembly with the 2 segments at the bottom of the pole, which are probably the largest. Slide the two pieces together and twist gently to align the two lateral points. Once that's done, slide the remaining pieces onto the pole and line up the two points in each section.

  • Do not force or twist the rod segments too tightly, or you will break them.
  • The segments are thinner along the rod.
Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 2

Step 2. Slide the reel onto the reel seat at the bottom of the rod

This opening at the bottom of the rod is called the reel seat and serves to fasten the reel. Attach the reel by sliding the underside of the reel over the opening in the upper region of the reel seat and twist the bottom of the reel seat to secure it.

Shake the reel to ensure it is tight

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 3

Step 3. Make a knot at the end of the line

You will use the end of the line to attach the leader (a thin line that connects the rod line to the tippet and the fly) and the tippet (an even thinner line, practically invisible to the fish's eyes and that attaches the leader to the fly) so you can tie the fly. Loosen the rod line a lot and tie a knot at the end so you can tie the leader and change it later if necessary.

Make sure the Fly thread is tight on the reel to avoid knots and tangles of thread

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 4

Step 4. Secure the leader at the end of the flyline with a knot

The leader is the line used in the transition from the fly line (thicker) to the tippet, which is responsible for sustaining the fly. The leader starts thick on the part where it connects to the stick line and decreases in thickness on the side where it connects to the tippet. Tie a knot to secure the leader to the rod line.

  • The leader also prevents the flyline from hitting the water and scaring the fish.
  • The leader must be at least 2.5 m long to allow adequate separation between the thick line of the rod and the fly.
  • Some leaders have metal clasps that you can use to attach to the end of the fly line.
Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 5

Step 5. Tie the tippet to the end of the leader in a firm knot

The tippet is a very thin line that is attached to the fly on one side and the leader on the other. The tippet's idea is to be practically invisible in the water so the fish can't see the line. Attach the tippet firmly to the tip of the leader so that you can attach the fly to the tippet next.

  • Use the nail knot to secure the connection between tippet and leader.
  • The tippet must be at least 1.20 m long.
Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 6

Step 6. Attach the fly to the tippet tip with a strong knot

The fly has a small hook ready to hook the fish that takes the bait. Thread the tippet through the eye of the hook and tie a fishing knot to secure the fly to the tip of the tippet. Wet the thread to make it more pliable and allow for a tight knot.


Give the tippet and leader a good tug to stretch them and make sure they are secure.

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 7

Step 7. Make the line about 30 cm and 60 cm longer than the fishing rod

The weight of the fly line is what allows for the cast, so you need to loosen some of the heavy line before casting the bait. A simple way to ensure you have enough thread is to loosen the thread until it reaches the reel and is between 12 and 60 cm long to spare.

Method 2 of 3: Using Overhead Cast

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 8

Step 1. Use the overhead cast to get used to the fly fishing cast

The overhead cast, also known as an axe, is the standard throw in fly fishing. Mastering the overhead cast requires the angler to know how to “load” the pole, which means finding the tension in the line and pole to launch the fly. Before learning more complex throws, learn how to use overhead cast.

This release is more difficult to accomplish if there are a lot of branches nearby, because the line can easily get caught in one of them

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 9

Step 2. Stand with a shoulder width between your feet

For short and medium distance throws, adopt a stable position so that you can better feel the weight of the line on the pole. Keep your feet apart and with your weight evenly distributed on them, not on your toes or heels.

For long-distance shots, it's best to put one foot forward so that you can push the line farther back and make a stronger shot without losing your balance

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 10

Step 3. Hold the rod with your thumb over the handle

Don't hold too tightly or you won't be able to make the quick stop at the end of the movement. Hold the cable snugly and in line with the target area of ​​the toss.

  • Allow the rod to rest in your fingers and only tighten it when you force it to a stop at the end of each movement.
  • Keep the rod handle cover in line with your forearm.
  • Make sure the rod reel is pointing down.
Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 11

Step 4. Place the straight line in front of you

To generate enough momentum when the line is thrown back, stretch about 3 m of line from the end of the pole. Aim with a completely straight line and stand in front of your target.

Don't let the leader and tippet get tangled up

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 12

Step 5. Move the rod up and back with a single movement

Keep the tip of the stick down until you are ready to take the pitch. In one fluid motion, swing the stick up and behind you. This movement will cause the rod to bend and carry tension.

This movement is similar to that of a long whip. The line should move up and behind you in a long arc

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 13

Step 6. Stop the line abruptly when it passes the vertical position

When you stretch the line above your head and it passes you, suddenly stop its acceleration so that it projects backwards. Keep the rod still while the line continues its course.

A good strategy is to stop the pole when it reaches the position of the hand an hour or two behind you

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 14

Step 7. Allow the line to unwind in air

With the pole extended above and slightly behind your position, wait for the line to follow its course and unwind. The energy of this movement will cause the line to continue until it fully unfolds.

Make sure you wait long enough for the line to fully unwind


If the line drops before it's fully unwound, you didn't use enough force in the throw. Stretch the line in front of you and try again!

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 15

Step 8. Throw the rod forward

Once the line has fully extended behind you, use a quick, fluid motion to launch the pole forward. The line will follow the movement and will form a kind of loop in the air when projected.

Keep your wrist steady and your elbow close to your body to create fluid movement

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 16

Step 9. Lower the end of the rod as the line unrolls in front of you

Stop the pole when it is parallel to the ground to allow gravity to project it forward. As the line unwinds, slowly lower the end of the rod so that the line unwinds to the fly. The line should stop exactly where you are pointing.

Do not drop the rod too sharply or tension in the thread may cause it to fall out before reaching the target

Method 3 of 3: Using Roll Cast

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 17

Step 1. Use the roll cast cast when fishing in narrow channels

The roll cast will unroll the line smoothly over the surface of the water and is less likely to frighten the fish, but its execution is a little more complicated. It is also important that the line is in the water, as it is responsible for the effectiveness of the movement.

  • The roll cast is a good shot when you're in narrow rivers and don't have a lot of room to move.
  • The roll cast is also effective if there is a strong wind behind you interfering with the overhead cast.
Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 18

Step 2. Pull the rope up and back, dragging the end of the line through the water

Start with about 7,50 m of line in the water, with the end of the pole pointing towards the surface. Use a slow, natural motion to pull the pole back and drag the line across the surface of the water.


Do not pull the line out of the water. It is the friction between the two that carries the rod and allows for the throw.

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 19

Step 3. Stop the movement with the tip of the stick facing up when the line forms an arc behind you

As soon as the pole moves from the vertical position, stop the movement and keep it in place. The line should be loose and slanted at the end of the pole, creating a kind of arc.

The size of the bow will be directly responsible for the strength during the throw

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 20

Step 4. Move rod forward with speed

When the bow is formed behind you, quickly throw the stick forward, starting the throwing motion. Keep your hand high and the tip of the stick up. The line will roll over the surface of the water and move in the direction of the throw.

Project the rod forward with a smooth, consistent motion rather than a short, jerky motion

Cast a Fly Fishing Rod Step 21

Step 5. End the cast with a sudden stop to allow the line to unwind

When moving the rod forward, the bow will project upward. Abruptly stop the throw when it is almost parallel to the water. The bow will roll over the water and stop where you aimed the throw.

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