How to Fish with Artificial Lures (with Pictures)

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How to Fish with Artificial Lures (with Pictures)
How to Fish with Artificial Lures (with Pictures)

Artificial baits have been used to catch fish since 2000 BC Made from a variety of materials, colors, sizes and styles, baits are used to attract fish and convince them to bite the hook. If you want to fish with baits, you need to know the most common techniques and how to use them to hook a fish.


Part 1 of 3: Choosing Bait

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Step 1. Buy a variety of baits to try out

The main purpose of fishing with a bait is to imitate as best as possible the movements of a natural prey. Consequently, there is great diversity in the materials, colors and shapes of fishing lures, each specific to a particular environment or fish. There is no "best" bait and color combination to use, so it's good to get a variety and see which works best for you and the fish you're trying to catch.

The type and size of bait is usually determined by the species of fish you intend to catch. Although there is no defined function for the most diverse baits, the idea is to obtain a bait that is as similar as possible to the fish's natural prey. For example, a Black Bass normally feeds on small crayfish and is unlikely to be attracted to a bait shaped like a large fish

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Step 2. Try using spoon-type baits

A bait of this type resembles the shell of a spoon without a handle. This shape causes the bait to churn in the water as it sinks, creating the illusion of injured prey. White and red spoons are the most popular. The red stripes will look like blood to a hungry fish.

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Step 3. Try out the jigs

Jigs are probably the most common artificial baits used in freshwater and saltwater fishing. They have lead in their heads and the tail is made of feathers or plastic bristles, used to hide the hook. It is common to attach a piece of live bait to the hook to make the bait even more attractive, although it is not entirely necessary.

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Step 4. Try using the crankbait bait

One of the most recognizable baits, the crankbait is usually made of plastic or wood and is mainly used in Black Bass fishing. It is common for this bait to have a frontal beak, very similar to a duck's beak. In general, the crankbait's beak allows it to reach a preset depth, allowing anglers to take action in a particular water space. Many crankbaits come with additional features such as hooks attached to the main hook and rattles.

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Step 5. Try using spinner baits

Spinner baits are equipped with blades that rotate when pulled, pulling the bait against the water. Usually composed of a central body with a rotating metal spoon, the spinner lures and sway or spin through the water in the same way as a real fish, being almost a mix between the crankbait and spoon lures. These baits are often made up of a single large hook that is covered in some kind of attached material, as well as a metal blade that spins in the water as the bait is collected. Such baits often produce a noise that can induce the fish to attack.

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Step 6. Try fishing with plugs

These are lures made of wood or plastic and work in a variety of ways, whether it's sliding along the surface of the water, crawling in half water or at the bottom. It is a versatile variety of bait that is very useful for any angler to have in their collection.

Part 2 of 3: Learning Artificial Bait Fishing Techniques

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Step 1. Learn the technique called walking the dog

One of the most useful and effective bait fishing techniques is called taking the dog for a walk, as it resembles the type of movement you make with your wrist when taking a dog for a walk. For this technique, use a surface lure with a weight on the tail, making quick zigzag movements and attracting the fish's attention.

  • Cast your bait and point the rod toward the water at a 45-degree angle. Move the tip of the rod down to a 90-degree angle in a quick pull. Rotate reel once with each pull.
  • First, move the pole slowly and then gradually increase the speed to mimic the movement of a swimming prey.
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Step 2. Use artificial bait to reproduce the behavior of prey

Imitation is one of the most advanced bait fishing techniques used by experienced anglers. It's a subtle and sophisticated way of hooking a fish that requires the use of two plug or popper lures for best effects.

Tie bait after bait to a monofilament leader and toss them to the bottom of the water. Give the end of the pole several small tugs, varying the speed in different directions in an attempt to mimic the behavior of live bait. Use your wrist to keep the line relatively tight, pulling the bait back and forth and varying your movements

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Step 3. Learn the deadstick technique

Use surface bait to mimic the behavior of an injured or vulnerable prey. If the fish is hesitant, this technique can cause even the most cautious fish to start biting.

  • After casting the bait, let it stand in the water until the ripples stop and count to 10 before making another move.
  • Move the end of the rod, making the bait move smoothly, then let it stop for a moment. Repeat the short movement of the rod, moving the bait without moving it out of place. Such moves should look choppy and fidgety, but make the bait easy to catch.
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Step 4. Learn to submerge

Use a crankbait or a submersible plug to learn how to drop your bait deep into the water if you want to get into the deep territory where the bigger fish normally remain.

Cast your bait and let it sit as the line begins to sink. Do nothing for a few seconds and then slowly start "working" the bait under the surface, picking it up in short strokes several times and letting it sink back into the water

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Step 5. Learn to cut the surface

Use a surface bait to bounce the bait across the surface of the water, thus mimicking the behavior of a flying insect or some other type of prey. This can be especially useful for catching sunfish and other surface freshwater fish.

After casting the bait, keep your line still until the waves in the water disappear, then make a sweeping motion with the rod over the water. Use this movement slowly or quickly, depending on the aggressiveness of the fish

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Step 6. Try trolling fishing

Nothing could be easier on a lazy day of fishing than towing the hook with the bait aboard a boat, at the call horizontal fishing. The baits used can be spoon, plug or spinner types. This fishing method is extremely effective as it mimics the behavior of a traveling fish, minding its own business and covering a large area.

All you have to do to drag a lure is to launch it from the back of a moving boat and release the line slowly as it moves. In general, you need to idle the engine and keep the boat clear of the line at all times

Part 3 of 3: Fishing Like a Pro

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Step 1. Don't overfish

Fishing is a lot like playing chess, a game of subtlety and silent movement rather than pointless sporadic movements. Most novice anglers shake the line too much. It is important to collect it very slowly, using calm and gentle movements. If you're not catching anything, slow down your movements and be more careful with the stick.

If you feel a bite, stop drawing the line immediately and move the bait slowly left and right until the float is underwater. As soon as it sinks, pull the line hard, because when the fish bites and you pull, the hook will pierce its lip. Only then can you collect the fish

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Step 2. Match the color of the bait to the water

The "right" color of the bait is determined by the clarity of the water. Muddy water and fishing at night or at dusk require brightly colored lures, most visible to both anglers and fish. White and red baits are common in these conditions, while clear water requires more muted or natural colors such as brown, blue, black and green.

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Step 3. Don't always stay in the same area

When fishing with artificial baits, a very important thing is to move and avoid casting baits only in a particular area. Fish are not silly as you might think and will begin to recognize your bait at some point, making it less effective. If you find that your bait isn't working, it's time to go elsewhere.

Work through the entire length of water and at different depths until you find the fish. Also work the bait at different speeds and vary its movements

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Step 4. Keep your baits clean

When collecting the bait, take a moment to check the condition of the bait and clean it if necessary. Under certain fishing conditions, baits can get tangled up in algae, branches and other debris, making them less efficient when it comes to attracting fish and appearing to be live prey. Make sure your baits are clean and ready to use before casting them again.

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Step 5. Learn to care for your baits

It is important to keep bait hooks dry when not in use to prevent them from rusting. Rusty hooks need to be replaced as soon as possible, because they get so weak and break when you need them most. You can buy replacement hooks at any fishing shop.


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