It is important that your team understand the correct rotation technique so that the volleyball game can run smoothly. The team only rotates in this sport if it receives a service after winning a rally against the other team. If your team receives the service, all six players must change positions once clockwise so that the next person to serve leaves the front right of the court and goes to the back right. Start with Step 1 to learn how to rotate volleyball.
Step 1. Know the six positions on court
Each side of the court is filled with two rows, each with three players, for a total of six positions. Although players walk clockwise, positions are called in the opposite direction. Are they:
- Position one: back right (or right defense), where the player to serve is.
- Position two: right front (out of the net or right attack), in front of the player to serve.
- Position three: front center (middle net or center attack), left of right front position.
- Position four: left front (net entry or left attack), left of center attack position.
- Position five: Left rear (or left defense), behind left attack.
- Position six: central rear (or center defense), behind center attack.
Step 2. Know your position on the team
Your court position indicates where you stand and changes with each rotation. Your position in the team is fixed. These are the positions and what they do:
- The setter: his job is to position the ball so the attacking players can hit it. Ideally, he should be the second to touch the ball, positioning it for the attackers. If he can't, he needs to ask another player to help him do it. If he accidentally hits the ball first, he needs to tell someone else to position it.
- Pointer or pointer: this player hits the ball from the strongest corner: the left frontal for right-handed players and the right frontal for left-handed players.
- The central blocker: usually a tall, strong player who stands in the middle of the net and blocks attacks. They also move to form a lock with the spikes.
- The Defense Specialist: This player stands in the back row and tries to keep the ball in play. To enter the match, he needs to request a substitution from the referees.
- The libero: this position, created in 1998, only works in the back row, but can enter whenever necessary. The libero's uniform is different from the rest of the team. This player is good at passing and touching, as well as talented with the ball. He usually takes the place of the center blocker when he moves to the back row.
Each position has a more suitable placement on the court. For example, center blocks work best when they are in the front center position. Setters play best in the right front position, wingers in the left front position, and both the defense specialist and the libero can be in any position in the back row, although the libero usually plays better in the rear center position
Step 3. Know when to rotate
It occurs in the side out, also called a service-taking or turning the ball, which is when the other team serves, but your team scores. In volleyball, you walk clockwise. If your team scores after the other has served, the person in the front right position moves to the back right, becoming the next to serve. If the point is made after a service by your team, everyone remains in the same position.
- After serving from position one, the player moves to position six (center defense), then to five (left defense), then to four (left attack), then to three (center attack) and to two (right attack) before returning to position one, serving.
- Remember that each player only changes position once after the team takes the service. Another change of position will only occur when the other team takes the service and loses the point.
Step 4. Know when to replace
Depending on your level of play and your position, you can either stay in the game or be replaced by another player when you reach a position. If you are a front row player (lifter, wing or center blocker), you can either be replaced by a back row player (defence specialist or libero) when you reach the right defense position, or serve and then be replaced. The back row players will be replaced by the attackers when they reach the left attack position.
Step 5. Know where to go during the rotation
To optimize your position, you can move after the serving player makes contact with the ball. For example, if you are a setter in the left attack position, you can switch to the right attack position after the serving player makes contact, to be in the best spot for your position. This goes for the other positions as well: the center blockers will always try to run into the center defense position; the wingers will try to run into attack positions, and so on. Just remember that you cannot move before the serve.
- Players can change position, but those at the back of the court cannot go to the net to block or cut, and must take all actions from behind the line of attack. This rule acts so that skilled cutters cannot dominate in all six of their court positions.
- At times, it may appear that the setter is hiding behind the other players before a point. This is because it needs to be in the correct rotation order before it can move into the net.