During the hot summer months, it can be tricky to cool off, stay in a more ventilated environment and have fun, especially if there is no air conditioning or you need to stay outside. During the day, indoor locations can be made more pleasant by blocking out sunlight and avoiding activities that can make the house too hot. Outside, look for shadows, stay in areas with natural breezes, and wear appropriate clothing.
Method 1 of 3: Keeping Cool Indoors
Step 1. Turn off the room lights
Incandescent and even LED lamps produce heat when they light the room; use them only when absolutely necessary, using other sources such as your cell phone flashlight.
Also, disconnect electronic devices or lamps that are not in use. Even in "standby" mode, there are appliances that emit heat when they pull electricity from the socket
Step 2. During the day, keep the windows closed
Although it seems counterproductive, leaving them open prevents hot air from entering the house. So, as soon as the sun comes up, close your windows to keep the air cooler indoors.
If you can't lock them completely or feel that there's a bit of air flowing in even with them closed, place a towel in the opening where they open to block the air
Step 3. Cover windows using light or heavy curtains
Black ones, or even car dashboard protectors, can be placed on windows during the day; as soon as the sun rises, close the curtains tightly so that the sun's rays do not heat the interior of the place.
- Car dashboard protectors usually have a material that reflects the sun, working well for smaller windows.
- Heavy curtains absorb sunlight as they are black, which is great for larger windows.
Step 4. Open windows and turn on fans to amplify the breeze through the house at night
After sunset, place a large fan in front of a window so that it directs cooler air into the room. Ceiling fans help to circulate air around the room.
On very muggy nights, wet your body with cold water and stand in front of the fan before going to sleep. This will cool you down, lowering your body temperature and facilitating a good night's sleep
Step 5. Buy a dehumidifier to lower the air humidity on hot days
“Wet” air can make the feeling of heat worse, so invest in a basic dehumidifier for rooms you stay in longer, such as the living room and bedroom. The appliance draws moisture out of the air, so the heat is less “sticky” and uncomfortable.
Dehumidifiers can help even for those who have a window air conditioner, as they let the air drier before it circulates through the appliance, increasing the efficiency of the process. Without a dehumidifier, the air conditioner needs to cool and dehumidify the air
Step 6. Do not turn on appliances that can heat the house
In summer, it's better to have cold meals, cook with the microwave or outside, on a barbecue or grill, for example. Do not turn on the oven or stove on hot days so that the indoor air stays cooler.
- If you need to cook indoors, see if you can use a griddle or grill to prepare food. They don't consume as much electricity and consequently produce less heat in the kitchen.
- Even the dishwasher can make the house more stuffy in summer. Do the dishes yourself so that the air is no longer hot and humid.
Method 2 of 3: Enjoying Summer Activities
Step 1. Practice indoor activities, at least during the hottest part of the day
From 10 am to 4 pm, the temperature will reach its peak and leave the street scorching hot. Avoid this strong sun by staying indoors or in an air-conditioned room if you don't have one at home.
- For example: if you want to do an activity without spending too much, study at the library or go for a walk in the mall.
- To have fun with friends, schedule dinner at a restaurant, visit a museum or watch a movie at the cinema.
Step 2. Find spots with shadows when you spend a long time in the street
Do not spend more than 30 to 45 minutes in direct sunlight during the day; when exercising, rest under a tree, an umbrella or even a tent to “recharge” your batteries.
When going to a place with little shade, remember to bring a tent, umbrella or even an umbrella. If possible, in very hot situations, enter the “trunk” of an SUV (tailgate type) or stay in a car with the windows open
Step 3. Want to enjoy your vacation?
Plan a trip to a cooler place, such as mountains, dense forests with lots of shade, rivers and also valleys with natural breezes, which can be very refreshing and pleasant. So see if there's a way to hike in the shade of forests or walk along a river or stream with stronger breezes.
Keep in mind that the wind will not always blow in these places, but they tend to have more breezes than others
Step 4. Wear light, light-colored garments so your body doesn't get hot
When clothing is more refreshing and has light colors, such as white, blue, pink and light yellow or beige, you will be able to avoid excessive heat; at the beach or at home, you can wear appropriate weather clothing, such as a tank top and shorts or even a bathing suit. If you are going to work or doing housework, use pieces of light materials, such as cotton, silk and linen, as well as other “breathable” fabrics.
When trying on clothes, prioritize looser, unrestricted styles over body movement to keep you refreshed
Step 5. Get out of the heat when you feel like you're not feeling well
Any unpleasant feeling or dizziness may indicate that it's time to go to a more airy place, (especially if you were out and about), drink at least 2 liters of water and rest for at least two hours before returning outdoors. Dizziness, headache or upset stomach may be signs of heat stroke, a possibly serious condition.
- Other symptoms, such as heavy sweating, slurred or incoherent speech, convulsions and chills, as well as vomiting, are more severe. Call SAMU (192) when noticing that there is a person with such manifestations.
- When you can't relieve the heat even after leaving an outdoor area, step into a tub of cold water or place ice packs under your armpits, behind your neck, in your groin and in the back of your neck. If you no longer feel refreshed in five minutes, call SAMU (192).
Method 3 of 3: Hydrating in the Summer
Step 1. Consume at least 2.8 L of water on the hottest days
Every hour, drink about 1 cup if the heat is intense, keeping your body better hydrated. Also, don't forget to drink water with meals and throughout the day to cool and hydrate your body.
If you find this difficult, take a small bottle of water in your bag when you leave the house, or exchange a drink every day for a glass of water
Step 2. Avoid caffeine and sugary drinks
Coffee, tea, and soft drinks can cause slight dehydration when they're ingested, so try to limit yourself to just one cup or cup a day, prioritizing water before and after coffee or soda.
- If you like the taste of soft drinks, you can make the water more pleasant by dropping a few drops of lemon, for example, or use other methods to make it more palatable. It's a way to get the benefits that water provides while making it more palatable, like a soda.
- Sparkling water can be a good substitute for soda, especially if you enjoy the carbonated aspect of the drink.
Step 3. Ingest sports drinks after performing strenuous activities
When you sweat a lot - after running, lifting weights, playing sports, or doing any more strenuous exercise - your body can quickly become dehydrated. Drink an isotonic and, soon after, 1 glass of water to rehydrate the body completely.