US Army uniforms and equipment may vary depending on rank and occasion. The easiest way to identify a rank is to look at the insignia each member of the army wears on their uniform. The insignia is unique for each rank and those representing officers and generals will be quite different from those of soldiers. Knowing the insignia will facilitate recognition of the military rank of an Army member.
Method 1 of 2: Enlisting Patents
Step 1. Know where the badge is
Enlisted soldiers' uniforms include the Army Combat Uniform (ACU), usually made of camouflage fabric, the "Green" uniform, which is made of high-strength fabric, and the pants or skirt. case of women). The insignia can be on different parts of the uniform, depending on the type of uniform:
- Note the cap of an ACU uniform. Soldiers will wear the insignia in the middle of their caps.
- The patent insignia will be sewn into the upper chest region of an ACU uniform.
- The soldiers' “Green” uniforms will feature the insignia at the top of the sleeves.
- Enlisted soldiers do not wear the rank insignia on their berets. Instead, the group's insignia appears on the front of the beret.
Step 2. Know the soldiers' insignia
The lowest rank (E-1) of soldiers, who are soldiers in BCT (Basic Combat Training), has no badge. Soldiers of rank E-2 have an insignia with a single yellow chevron; those in the E-3 (PFC, Private First Class – Private First Class) patent have a green-backed insignia and a single chevron closed at the bottom by a rounded bar.
Step 3. Differentiate the insignia from soldiers of rank E-4
Specialists (SPC) will wear a green triangle insignia with a rounded top and an eagle in the middle. However, the Cabos (Corporal) will have the insignia formed by two chevrons.
Step 4. Differentiate the sergeants insignia
There are some sergeant ranks in the US Army, both non-commissioned and enlisted officers. It is important to pay close attention to these badges so that you will be able to identify them better.
- The sergeant's insignia (SGT, E-5) is very similar to that of a Corporal, but it has three chevrons instead of two.
- The Staff Sergeant (SSG, E-6) insignia has three chevrons enclosed by a rounded bar at the bottom and with a green background.
- The First Class Sergeant (SFC, E-7) insignia is the same as the Staff Sergeant, but with two round bars at the bottom.
- The Master Sergeant insignia (MSG, E-8) is the same as the First Class Sergeant insignia, but with three rounded bars at the bottom.
- The First Sergeant badge (1SG, E-8) is the same as the Master Sergeant badge, but contains a small yellow diamond in the middle.
- The insignia of a Sergeant Major (SGM, E-9) is the same as that of the First Sergeant, except that it contains a star in the middle instead of a diamond.
- The Command Sergeant Major's insignia (CSM, E-9) is the same as the First Sergeant's insignia, but with a star in the middle surrounded by two sheaves of wheat.
- The Army Sergeant Major insignia (SMA, E-9) is the same as the First Sergeant, but with a golden eagle and two stars in the middle.
Method 2 of 2: Officers' Patents
Step 1. Know where the badge is
Enlisted soldiers' uniforms include the Army Combat Uniform (ACU), usually made of camouflage fabric, the "Green" uniform, which is made of high-strength fabric, and pants or skirt (in this case of the women). The insignia can be on different parts of the uniform, depending on the type of uniform:
- The patent insignia will appear in the middle of the ACU uniform caps.
- The patent insignia will also be sewn into the upper chest region of an ACU uniform.
- The officers' “green” uniforms will carry the insignia on their shoulders.
- When the officer is wearing a beret, the insignia will appear in the middle of it.
- An officer's “green” uniforms will have a black stripe on the outside of the trouser legs and will also have a black sash on both sleeves, just above the wrists.
Step 2. Differentiate between Lieutenant and Captain insignia
The ranks of Second Lieutenant (2LT, O-1), First Lieutenant (1LT, O-2) and Captain (CPT, O-3) have a bar-shaped insignia. From that we have: Second Lieutenant, a gold bar; First Lieutenant, a silver bar; and Captain, two silver bars.
Step 3. Differentiate between Major and Lieutenant Colonel insignia
These two patents have a leaf-shaped insignia, with the Major's (MAJ, O-4) being gold and the Lieutenant-Colonel's (LTC, O-5) being silver.
Step 4. Know a Colonel's insignia
The Colonel's insignia (COL, O-6) features a silver eagle with outspread wings. It's the last rank before General.
Step 5. Differentiate the Generals insignia
There are five ranks of generals in the US Army. Each is represented by silver stars, so pay close attention to insignia variations to differentiate between ranks.
- The Brigadier General or Brigadier General (BG, O-7) has a silver star.
- The Major General (MG, O-8) has two juxtaposed silver stars.
- The Lieutenant General (LTG, O-9) has three juxtaposed silver stars.
- The General (GEN, O-10) has four juxtaposed silver stars.
- The Army General (GOA, O-11) has five stars in the form of a pentagon. This rank is only used in specific periods of war.
Step 6. Differentiate the Warrant Officers insignia
The insignia of the five ranks of the US Army Warrant Officers is composed of black blocks within a silver bar. The badge distinction is made based on the type and number of blocks.
- Warrant Officer 1 has a small black block in the center of a silver bar.
- Chief Warrant Officer 2 has two black blocks in the center of a silver bar.
- Chief Warrant Officer 3 has three black blocks in the center of a silver bar.
- Chief Warrant Officer 4 has four black blocks in the center of a silver bar.
- Chief Warrant Officer 5 has a large black block that runs through the center of a silver bar.