Acne is a very irritating skin problem that occurs to people of any age. Luckily, it's easy to get around, and there are many home remedies that can be used to get rid of unwanted pimples. If the techniques taught in this article do not work or you have an allergic reaction, the ideal is to seek a dermatologist.
Method 1 of 5: Caring for the Skin
Step 1. Use a mild skin cleanser
Washing your face daily is necessary for skin maintenance and acne elimination, but it is important to use mild, alcohol-free products to avoid irritation. In doubt about which product to choose? Ask for a recommendation to a dermatologist.
- Avoid facial scrubs or astringent products at all costs, as they will dry out and damage your skin.
- Professionals recommend using gentle, foamy facial cleansers such as Cetaphil DermaControl Cleansing Foam, especially for those who also treat acne with topical medications such as benzoyl peroxide.
- Bet on facial cleansers that are not soap-based, as they raise the skin's pH and generate dryness. This, in turn, creates an environment conducive to bacteria and other microbes.
Step 2. Moisten your face with warm water
Use water from the sink itself if it is heated, but do not use hot water as it will dry out the skin and promote irritation.
As much as drying out your skin seems like a good idea, as it is oily and acned, it will only make the problem worse. Your body will try to compensate for the depletion of oils by producing even more sebum and increasing acne
Step 3. Apply facial cleanser to your face using your fingertips
Apply a small amount of product on the tips of your fingers and rub them lightly on your face, making a circular motion. Do not force your hand to avoid irritating the skin.
- Never rub your face during cleansing, however tempting it may be. This will only cause irritation and worsen acne.
- Do not use cloths, sponges or brushes on your face as they will irritate the sensitive skin in the area.
Always wash your hands with soap and water before applying any product to your face. If not properly sanitized, your hands will be full of germs and oils and can end up making acne worse.
Step 4. Rinse the facial cleanser with warm water
Pour a little water on your face to rinse the product thoroughly, and use your hands to remove any remaining residue.
- Some people say that rinsing your face with cold water after cleansing helps tighten pores, but that's not exactly true. Low temperatures constrict the pores and reduce sebum production, but do not close the pores.
- If you prefer to use cold water, that's fine. Just don't use hot water as it will irritate and dry your skin.
Step 5. Pat the skin dry with a clean towel
Just as it is not recommended to use a sponge on the face, it is not good to rub the towel on the skin. Therefore, use a clean cloth to dry your face with light taps.
Moist cloths end up harboring several microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses and mold, which can come into contact with your skin and cause infections. Change your washcloth at least once a week and leave it flat on the toilet rack so that it dries well between uses
Step 6. Apply a moisturizer to reduce irritation and dryness
Those with acne-prone skin tend to avoid using moisturizers, but this dries out the skin and ends up making the problem worse. So don't make your skin "thirsty"! Apply a light moisturizer suitable for acne-prone skin.
- Prefer fragrance-free moisturizers and dyes to minimize skin irritation.
- Sun exposure can make acne worse, so use a moisturizer with sunscreen.
- Dermatologists recommend the use of sunscreens suitable for acne-prone skin, such as Cetaphil Dermacontrol Moisturizer and Sunscreen SPF 30. Products that contain anti-inflammatory substances, such as aloe vera or zinc, are also very useful.
Step 7. Limit face cleaning to twice a day
It may seem that clearing your face helps with acne, but that's a lie. Over-cleaning removes the skin's natural oils, leaving it dry and irritated, which only increases acne. Wash your face twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening, but also wash it after exercising to clear away sweat, which can also cause acne.
If you wear makeup, remove it before bedtime, as sleeping with makeup on your face can clog your pores. Thoroughly cleanse your skin with a make-up remover that is non-comedogenic, as this formulation helps prevent pore clogging
Step 8. Use mild cosmetic products
Just because you suffer from acne doesn't mean you can't put on makeup, but it's true that some products can make it worse. So, bet on options whose labels say things like "no oils", "non-comedogenic" or "doesn't clog pores". If a specific product causes an outbreak of acne, discontinue use and replace it with an alternative.
- Always remove makeup before bed, including the eye area.
- Apply makeup with a gentle brush to minimize skin irritation.
Method 2 of 5: Using Home Remedies
Step 1. Apply tea tree oil daily to fight bacteria
According to studies, tea tree oil helps to treat different skin problems and can also be effective against acne. Dilute 2-3 drops of the oil in 1 teaspoon of a mild carrier oil (such as jojoba or olive oil) or a moisturizer of your choice. Gently apply the mixture to the pimples using your fingertips (clean, please) or a cotton swab.
- The oil reduces inflammation and eliminates acne-causing bacteria, with fewer side effects compared to anti-acne medications.
- Some people are allergic to tea tree oil. Before using it on your face, apply a drop to any part of your body and wait a few hours. If irritation develops, you may be sensitive or allergic to the oil. In that case, don't use it!
- Never drink tea tree oil as it is toxic when ingested!
Step 2. Make a honey and cinnamon mask to kill bacteria and relieve inflammation
A combination of cinnamon extract and honey can work a lot when fighting bacteria, oddly enough. In addition, cinnamon's anti-inflammatory properties help to relax the skin and alleviate acne redness. If you are allergic to tea tree oil or simply do not like the smell of it, see a dermatologist and ask him to recommend a product with these active components or make a homemade mask with them.
- Another option is to mix 2 or 3 drops of cinnamon essential oil with 5 teaspoons of a carrier oil (again, we suggest jojoba oil or olive oil) and a little honey to create a facial mask.
- Before using honey and cinnamon on the acne itself, apply some of the mixture to your jaw and let it work for half an hour. If you don't have any reaction, you can continue with the treatment; in case of reaction, wash your face and do not apply the mixture to the acne.
Step 3. Use green tea cream twice a day to prevent acne breakouts and minimize inflammation
Green tea contains polyphenols that help kill bacteria, reduce inflammation and even minimize the production of sebum in the skin. To protect your skin and prevent outbreaks, apply a cream with 2% green tea essence twice a day.
These creams can cause mild irritation, itching and tingling, but these effects are temporary. As your skin gets used to the product, the symptoms should disappear. If they continue for more than three days, discontinue use and see a dermatologist
Step 4. Apply an onion gel to your acne daily to minimize the chance of scarring
Acne scars are a problem for many people, but this home remedy can bring great results. Apply a gel or ointment with onion extract on your scars every day to disguise their appearance. Follow the instructions for use found on the package or package insert to find out the quantities.
Onion gel can irritate some people, so test it on another part of the body without acne before rubbing it on your face
Method 3 of 5: Minimizing Acne With Food
Step 1. Hydrate yourself well by drinking plenty of water
Water is essential for the body to function, and lack of it can dry out the skin, including the oily ones. Having an oily skin, in turn, can lead to irritation and acne breakouts. The ideal is to drink at least eight glasses of water a day. Also, drink whenever you feel thirsty.
A good measure of how well you are hydrated is to check your urine. If it's relatively clear and colorless, it's a sign that you're drinking enough water. If it is yellowish, try to drink more water
Step 2. Consume more healthy fats
Although fatty foods in general are considered harmful for those who have acne, the reality is different. There are good fats that can help fight pimples and blackheads. Consume foods rich in omega-3s to reduce inflammation and prevent further flare-ups.
To find sources of healthy fats, eat: fatty fish (such as tuna, mackerel and salmon), seeds and nuts, and plant-based oils (such as flaxseed oil and olive oil)
Step 3. Consume more lean protein
According to studies, those who eat more lean protein are less likely to have serious acne. Look for healthy sources of this protein, such as chicken breast, egg whites, fish, beans and peas.
Although dairy products are generally high in protein, they can end up causing more acne. Cut the milk for a few weeks and see if there is any improvement in your situation
Step 4. Eat lots of vegetables and fruit daily
Believe me, a diet rich in these foods is essential for good health, but it can also help with acne. Eat colorful fruits and vegetables every day to get plenty of vitamins and minerals that will keep your skin healthy.
Low levels of zinc and vitamins A and E can also cause acne, so eat foods rich in these nutrients. Some examples: carrots, pumpkin, green leafy vegetables, garlic, mushrooms, mangoes and avocados
Step 5. Reduce your intake of fats and sugars
Refined carbohydrates, sugars and fatty foods end up making acne worse, so stick to a healthy, balanced diet with whole grains, fruits, vegetables and lean proteins. Avoid things like:
- Baked sweets, like dreams.
- Candy, candy and gum.
- Soft drinks and sweetened drinks in general, including coffee.
- Fatty fast food foods, including hamburgers.
- Greasy and salty snacks such as potato chips.
Method 4 of 5: Treating Acne with Lifestyle Changes
Step 1. Try relaxing activities to prevent acne breakouts
Stress is not yet proven to cause acne, but it is known that it can make an existing problem worse! If you're stressed, do activities that help you relax and you could end up soothing your skin and minimizing acne breakouts. Try things like:
- Outdoor hiking.
- Listen to calm music.
- Work on hobbies or creative projects.
- Spend time with friends, family or your pet.
Step 2. Sleep for seven to nine hours a night
The relationship between acne and sleep is not fully understood, but most of the medical community believes that lack of sleep causes stress and makes it difficult for the immune system to fight infections, which is bad for the skin and worsens acne. Make an effort to sleep about eight hours a night to take good care of your skin.
- Teenagers need a little more sleep, about eight to ten hours a night. Lie and wake up at the same times each day so you can create a healthy sleep routine.
- Is it difficult to fall asleep? Create a bedtime ritual! Since light prevents the brain from going into "sleep mode", turn off the electronics at least an hour before bedtime and use that time to meditate, read a book or take a warm shower.
Step 3. Take a shower after exercising
It's common to have more acne after a workout, but that shouldn't stop you from exercising. Instead, get active and protect yourself from acne by taking a shower and cleaning your face with a mild facial cleanser. This prevents sebum, dirt and oils from clogging your pores, which could irritate your skin.
- During physical activity, wipe off sweat with a clean washcloth. Don't rub your skin, or you'll end up causing an irritation.
- If you can't go to the shower, put on clean, dry clothes as soon as you finish your workout to avoid acne on your body. It's also good to exercise in clean clothes to avoid retaining bacteria and other things that can cause irritation.
- If you go to a gym, clean the equipment with a disinfectant wipe before using it. That way, you get rid of other people's sebum and residual bacteria, as this could make your acne worse.
Method 5 of 5: Knowing When to Seek Professional Care
Step 1. See a dermatologist if you cannot resolve the problem at home
It usually takes a few weeks of consistent treatment to control acne with home remedies. If you don't see any improvement after a while, be aware that this can also happen, as there are different causes of acne. Didn't see results after a few weeks? See a dermatologist and find out about possible treatments for your case.
- First results may appear within the first week, but significant advances can take one to two months.
- Write down everything you've done to fight acne in a notebook; if possible, take the products to the office as well. It is important to inform the dermatologist of anything that has not worked for you so that he or she can prescribe an alternative treatment.
Step 2. See a dermatologist if acne completely covers your face
People who have a lot of acne are unlikely to find success with over-the-counter treatments, and your doctor will probably be able to recommend the best option for you. Depending on the cause of the acne, over-the-counter drugs are often more effective in treating it.
Acne can be caused by inflammation, subcutaneous bacteria or hormones. Home treatments cannot control these causes, but over-the-counter medications can
Step 3. Find out about the use of a prescription drug
If your acne goes away with home methods, you probably won't need a strong medicine. On the other hand, if your acne persists or spreads more, it's best to talk to your doctor, who will likely offer one or more of the following options:
- Topical ointments. These creams usually contain retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid or antibiotics.
- Antibiotics. It is normal to use antibiotics to reduce inflammation and kill acne-causing bacteria.
- Hormonal contraceptives. Women have one more option, as their dermatologist may recommend using contraceptives to deal with hormonal acne.
- Isotretinoin (Roaccutane). An oral medication that may work as a last resort, only if acne is really affecting your life, as it is quite strong and has many unwanted side effects.
Step 4. Have a medical procedure if the dermatologist recommends it
In addition to the use of medications, the professional can offer a skin treatment to deal with acne. It's normal to feel some discomfort during the procedure, but it shouldn't hurt. Here are some of the options available:
- Light or laser therapies to kill the bacteria p. acnes and dealing with an acne outbreak.
- chemical peels to remove the outer layers of the skin and free the lower layers, which usually have less acne.
- acne removal, in which the provider drains or injects drugs into a large acne cyst that does not respond to medications.
Step 5. Seek immediate medical attention if you suffer from an allergic reaction to medications
It is normal to experience a slight irritation or redness of the skin after any treatment for acne, but some people suffer from stronger side effects. Although these reactions are quite rare, they should be taken seriously. Look for an emergency room if you present:
- Difficulty breathing.
- Swelling of the tongue, mouth, eyes or face.
- Closure in the throat.
- Dizziness or shortness of breath.
Don't let yourself be shaken if some treatment doesn't work. As there are so many different types of acne, you will probably need to test a few options before finding the right one for you
- See a dermatologist before using home treatments, as you may have a skin problem that will get worse with the use of folk remedies.
- Some people claim that putting lemon juice on the skin helps with acne, as lemon has antimicrobial properties that can help kill acne-causing germs, but the juice can irritate the skin and make it worse.